SK Jugoslavija

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SK Jugoslavija
Full name Sportski klub Jugoslavija
Nickname(s) Crveni (The Reds)
Founded 6 August 1913; 101 years ago (6 August 1913)
(as SK Velika Srbija)
Dissolved 1945; 69 years ago (1945)
Ground Stadion SK Jugoslavija (1927–1945)
Ground Capacity 30,000
League Yugoslav League (1923–1940)
Serbian League (1941–1944)

Sportski klub Jugoslavija, commonly known as SK Jugoslavija (Serbian Cyrillic: CК Југославија) was a Serbian football club from Belgrade. It was originally formed as SK Velika Srbija (English: SC Great Serbia) in 1913 and changed its name to SK Jugoslavija in 1919. They were among the most popular Serbian and Yugoslav clubs, and they were nicknamed as "Crveni" (The Reds) because of their red shirts, in opposition to their greatest rivals BSK, who wore blue and were known as "Plavi" (The Blues). Until 1941 the sports society Jugoslavija, beside football, also included sections for athletics, cycling, winter sports, basketball, boxing, wrestling, swimming and table tennis.

History[edit]

The club was founded in August 6, 1913[1] in the restaurant "Kasino" in Belgrade, by a group of dissidents from another Belgrade football club – BSK. Dissatisfied over a decision to travel to Austria-Hungary in order to play a friendly match with Hajduk Split, this group left BSK and formed their own club, naming it SK Velika Srbija.[2] The leader of the group was Danilo Stojanović, better known as Čika Dača, considered one of the major pioneers of football in the Kingdom of Serbia.[3] Beside a group of former BSK players, the squad was formed by footballers from another Belgrade club, SK Slavija from Belgrade suburb Vračar, a number of players from another club formed by Stojanović, FK Šumadija, and Czech footballers Edvard Mifek, Venčel Petrovický and Alojz Mahek.[4] The first match was played against BSK, a 2-0 loss.[5] In 1914 they become the champions of the Serbian Olympic Cup which was considered to be the first organised football club competition in the Kingdom. The final was played on May 11 in Košutnjak in the field of BSK in which Velika Srbija won Šumadija by 3-1 with two goals from Alojz Mahek and one from Mileta Jovanović.[6]

With the beginning of the First World War in 1914 the club suspended its activities. It reappeared in 1919 renamed SK Jugoslavija, as the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (renamed Kingdom of Yugoslavia in 1929) was created a year earlier and colloquially named Jugoslavija from the beginning. The first post-war match was played against a team of British sailors, a 9-0 win, which was the first time the club played with a red kit, which will characterize them from then on and become the main reason for their nickname The Reds.[7] Until then, they had been wearing green.[8] That same year the field where the matches were played was reconstructed and an athletic track and a new football and tennis fields were created. That field, named Trkalište, located close to city centre, will be demolished in 1925 when the club moved to a new one, founded in the area of Belgrade known as Topčidersko Brdo, exactly in the area the Red Star Stadium is located now. The new stadium had a capacity of 30,000 spectators, and included an athletics track, a grass pitch, a training field and a club house. It was officially inaugurated on 24 April 1927.[9] In 1932 illumination system was installed. The exhibitional match against Racing Club Paris on June 22, 1932, became the first ever night match to be played in Yugoslavia.[10][11]

SK Jugoslavija won the Yugoslav Championship in 1924 and 1925, and participated in 14, out of 17, final stages of the Yugoslav Championship. Jugoslavia also won the Yugoslav Cup in 1936.[12]

In 1941 the club changed its name to SK 1913[13] after the Axis invasion of Yugoslavia.[14] During the years of occupation, the Yugoslav Championship was no longer played, with SK Jugoslavija continuing to compete in the Serbian League, which had been earlier a qualifying league for the final stage of the Yugoslav Championship, but now became the national championship of the German occupied Serbia. The Serbian League as top tier was played from 1941 until 1944 and had three editions, the first of which was won by SK Jugoslavija, and the following two by BSK.

Dissolution[edit]

After World War II, the club was disbanded by the new communist authorities in 1945 and most of its property, including the stadium and the training ground, was handed over to the newly founded Red Star Belgrade. After the end of war, several pre-war Yugoslav clubs were dissolved because they had played matches during the war and were labelled collaborators by Marshal Tito's communist authorities. Two of those clubs from Belgrade were the historical SK Jugoslavija and BSK. Red Star was formed from the remains of Jugoslavija, receiving Jugoslavija's stadium, offices, players, and even their red and white colours. However, Red Star Belgrade has always considered itself to have not been a successor to SK Jugoslavija, while there are some fans[who?] claiming it should be considered such, without denying Red Star's foundation date. On the other hand, OFK Beograd, which was formed on the remains of BSK, claims continuity with BSK.

Name[edit]

  • SK Velika Srbija (1913–1919)
  • SK Jugoslavija (1919–1941)
  • SK 1913 (1941–1945)

Honours[edit]

1924, 1925
1941–42
1936
1914

Former players[edit]

For all former club players with Wikipedia articles, please see: Category:SK Jugoslavija players.

Coaches[edit]

This is an incomplete chronological list of SK Jugoslavija coaches:[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Istorija o kojoj se ne priča at mojacrvenazvezda.net
  2. ^ Konflikt oko preseljenja; 'Blic, 9 April 2010
  3. ^ Istorija o kojoj se ne priča at mojacrvenazvezda.net
  4. ^ Istorija o kojoj se ne priča at mojacrvenazvezda.net
  5. ^ Istorija o kojoj se ne priča at mojacrvenazvezda.net
  6. ^ Srbislav Todorović: "Football in Serbia 1896 - 1918" pag. 60, (Serbian)
  7. ^ Istorija o kojoj se ne priča at mojacrvenazvezda.net
  8. ^ Bsk - Jugoslavija Sećanja Na Prvi Beogradski Večiti Derbi" - page 7 by Živko M. Bojanić
  9. ^ Istorija o kojoj se ne priča at mojacrvenazvezda.net
  10. ^ Milorad Sijić: "Football in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia", pag. 153 (Serbian)
  11. ^ Prva noćna utakmica - trans:First night match at sportska-kupusara.com (Serbian)
  12. ^ Yugoslavia/Serbia and Montenegro - Cup Finals at RSSSF
  13. ^ BSK - Jugoslavija, Sećanja na prvi Večiti Derbi by Živka M. Bojanića, pag. 179
  14. ^ Istorija o kojoj se ne priča at mojacrvenazvezda.net
  15. ^ Milorad Sijić: "Football in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia", pag. 153-154 (Serbian)
  16. ^ Fudbal u Srbiji 1896.-1914., by Srbislav Todorović, Belgrade 1996, pag. 53
  17. ^ Fudbal u Kraljevini Jugoslaviji, Milorad Sijić, pag. 34
  18. ^ Gola istina: kraljevi strelaca by Živko M. Bojanić and Slobodan Jovanović, pag. 16 (Serbian)
  19. ^ "Pola veka" by Vladislav Beljanski, Jovan Dejanović, Luka Dotlić, Kosta Hadži and Jovan Vilovac (pag. 105) (Serbian)
  20. ^ Gyula Feldmann profile at magyarfutball.hu

External sources[edit]