SLC39A7

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Solute carrier family 39 (zinc transporter), member 7
Identifiers
Symbols SLC39A7 ; D6S115E; D6S2244E; H2-KE4; HKE4; KE4; RING5; ZIP7
External IDs OMIM601416 MGI95909 HomoloGene5072 GeneCards: SLC39A7 Gene
RNA expression pattern
PBB GE SLC39A7 202667 s at tn.png
More reference expression data
Orthologs
Species Human Mouse
Entrez 7922 14977
Ensembl ENSG00000112473 ENSMUSG00000024327
UniProt Q92504 Q31125
RefSeq (mRNA) NM_001077516 NM_001077709
RefSeq (protein) NP_001070984 NP_001071177
Location (UCSC) Chr 6:
33.17 – 33.17 Mb
Chr 17:
34.03 – 34.03 Mb
PubMed search [1] [2]

Zinc transporter SLC39A7 (ZIP7) also known as solute carrier family 39 member 7 (SLC39A7) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the SLC39A7 gene.[1][2][3]

Function[edit]

Zinc is an essential cofactor for more than 50 classes of enzymes. It is involved in protein, nucleic acid, carbohydrate, and lipid metabolism, as well as in the control of gene transcription, growth, development, and differentiation. Zinc cannot passively diffuse across cell membranes and requires specific transporters, such as SLC39A7, to enter the cytosol from both the extracellular environment and from intracellular storage compartments.[3]

ZIP7 is a membrane transport protein of the endoplasmic reticulum.[4] Phosphorylation of ZIP7 by casein kinase 2 stimulates the release of zinc ions from the endoplasmic reticulum[5] This provides a signal transduction pathway by which activation of cell surface receptors such as the epidermal growth factor receptor can regulate the activity of downstream phosphatases and kinases.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ando A, Kikuti YY, Shigenari A, Kawata H, Okamoto N, Shiina T, Chen L, Ikemura T, Abe K, Kimura M, Inoko H (Dec 1996). "cDNA cloning of the human homologues of the mouse Ke4 and Ke6 genes at the centromeric end of the human MHC region". Genomics 35 (3): 600–2. doi:10.1006/geno.1996.0405. PMID 8812499. 
  2. ^ Hanson IM, Trowsdale J (Aug 1991). "Colinearity of novel genes in the class II regions of the MHC in mouse and human". Immunogenetics 34 (1): 5–11. doi:10.1007/BF00212306. PMID 1855816. 
  3. ^ a b "Entrez Gene: SLC39A7 solute carrier family 39 (zinc transporter), member 7". 
  4. ^ Taylor KM, Morgan HE, Johnson A, Nicholson RI (2004). "Structure‒function analysis of HKE4, a member of the new LIV-1 subfamily of zinc transporters". Biochemical Journal 377 (Pt 1): 131–139. doi:10.1042/BJ20031183. PMC 1223853. PMID 14525538.  edit
  5. ^ Taylor KM, Kille P, Hogstrand C (2012). "Protein kinase CK2 opens the gate for zinc signaling". Cell Cycle 11 (10): 1863–1864. doi:10.4161/cc.20414. PMC 3359116. PMID 22580452.  edit

Further reading[edit]

This article incorporates text from the United States National Library of Medicine, which is in the public domain.