SMART Tunnel

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Mes-e38.png

E38 Expressway
Stormwater Management And Road Tunnel
(SMART Tunnel)
Route information
Maintained by Syarikat Mengurus Air Banjir dan Terowong Sdn Bhd (SMART)
Length: 4 km (2 mi)
Existed: 2003 – present
History: Construction works started November 2003, and were completed in 2007
Major junctions
North end: Sultan Ismail-Kampung Pandan Link
Jalan Tun Razak
  Sultan Ismail-Kampung Pandan Link
Kuala Lumpur Middle Ring Road 1 (Jalan Tun Razak)
E37 Kuala Lumpur-Seremban Expressway
E37 East-West Link Expressway
South end: SMART Tunnel toll plaza near Sungai Besi Airport
Location
Primary
destinations:
Bukit Bintang
Imbi
Cheras
Petaling Jaya
Seremban
Highway system
Stormwater Management And Road Tunnel
SMART Tunnel
Overview
Location Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Status Operational
Route E38 E38
Start Jalan Tun Razak on Kuala Lumpur Middle Ring Road 1
End Sungai Besi Airport on E37 Kuala Lumpur-Seremban Expressway
Operation
Work begun 2003
Opened 2007
Owner Government of Malaysia
Malaysian Highway Authority (LLM)
Department of Irrigation and Drainage Malaysia (JPS)
Operator Syarikat Mengurus Air Banjir dan Terowong Sdn Bhd (SMART)
Toll Private cars and taxis
Technical
Construction Gamuda Berhad
MMC Corporation Berhad
Length 4 km (2.5 mi)
Number of lanes 4, double-decked
Operating speed 60 km/h

The "Stormwater Management And Road Tunnel" or "SMART Tunnel", E38 is a storm drainage and road structure in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, and a major national project in the country. The 9.7 km (6.0 mi) tunnel is the longest stormwater tunnel in South East Asia and second longest in Asia.

The main objective of this tunnel is to solve the problem of flash floods in Kuala Lumpur and also to reduce traffic jams along Jalan Sungai Besi and Loke Yew flyover at Pudu during rush hour. There are two components of this tunnel, the stormwater tunnel and motorway tunnel. It is the longest multi-purpose tunnel in the world.

In 2011, the SMART tunnel received the UN Habitat Scroll of Honour Award for its innovative and unique management of storm water and peak hour traffic.

It begins at Kampung Berembang lake near Klang River at Ampang and ends at Taman Desa lake near Kerayong River at Salak South. The project is led by the government, including Malaysian Highway Authority (Lembaga Lebuhraya Malaysia = LLM) and the Department of Irrigation and Drainage Malaysia (Jabatan Pengairan dan Saliran = JPS) and also a company joint venture pact between Gamuda Berhad and Malaysian Mining Corporation Berhad (MMC).

Route background[edit]

The Kilometre Zero of the tunnel starts at Salak Interchange.

History[edit]

In 2001 the Government sought proposals for a solution that would allow a typical flood of three to six hours’ duration to occur without flooding the city centre.[1] A tunnel that would allow floods to bypass the centre was one way of achieving this, providing it was coupled with temporary storage facilities to keep flows downstream of Kuala Lumpur within the capacity of the river channel. A group led by Gamuda engaged SSP, a large Malaysian consultant engineering firm, and Mott MacDonald UK to develop proposals for a tunnel with holding ponds at upstream and downstream ends of the tunnel.

Construction of the tunnel began in 25 November 2003. Two Herrenknecht's Tunnel Boring Machines (TBM) from Germany were used, including "Tuah" on north side and "Gemilang" on south side. Gusztáv Klados was the senior project manager of the project.[2]

On 11 December 2003, the 13.2 m diameter Mixshield TBM, Tuah, completed a 737 m section after 24 weeks of excavation. By the end of January 2004, Tuah would start a second drive covering a distance of 4.5 km to Kampung Berembang lake. The motorway sections on the SMART system was officially opened at 3:00PM, 14 May 2007, after multiple delays.[3][4]

Meanwhile, the stormwater sections on the SMART system began operations at the end of January 2007.

As of July 18, 2010 the SMART system has prevented seven potentially disastrous flash floods in the city centre,[5] having entered its first mode 3 operation only weeks after the opening of the motorway.[6]

How the SMART Tunnel works[edit]

The first mode, under normal conditions where there is no storm, no flood water will be diverted into the system. When the second mode is activated, flood water is diverted into the bypass tunnel in the lower channel of the motorway tunnel. The motorway section is still open to traffic at this stage. When the third mode is in operation, the motorway will be closed to all traffic. After making sure all vehicles have exited the motorway, automated water-tight gates will be opened to allow flood waters to pass through. The motorway will be reopened to traffic within 48 hours of closure.

Technical specifications[edit]

The north bound entrance of SMART Tunnel on the Kuala Lumpur-Seremban Expressway.

Stormwater tunnel[edit]

  • Construction cost: RM1,887 million (US$514.6 million)
  • Stormwater tunnel length: 9.7 km (6.0 mi)
  • Diameter: 13.2 m (43.3 ft) (outer diameter)
  • Tunnelling method: Tunnel Boring Machine (TBM)
  • TBM type: Slurry shield

Motorway tunnel[edit]

  • Motorway tunnel length: 4 km (2.5 mi)
  • Structure type: Double Deck
  • Ingress and egress: 1.5 km (0.93 mi) at Jalan Sultan Ismail and Jalan Imbi
  • Length: 1.4 km (0.87 mi) at Jalan Tun Razak
  • Links: 1.6 km (0.99 mi) at Kuala Lumpur-Seremban Expressway Links: City Centre near Kg. Pandan Roundabout KL-Seremban Expressway near Sungai Besi Airport

Features[edit]

  • Longest tunnel in Malaysia.
  • 9.7 km (6.03 miles) stormwater by-pass tunnel.
  • 4 km (2.49 miles) double-deck motorway within stormwater tunnel.
  • The motorway tunnel is suitable for light vehicles only. Motorcycles and heavy vehicles are not allowed.
  • Ingress and egress connections to the motorway tunnel linking the southern gateway to the city centre.
  • Holding basin complete with diversion and tunnel intake structures.
  • Storage reservoir and a twin-box culvert to release flood discharge.
  • State-of-the-art operations control room equipped with the latest systems in operations management, surveillance and maintenance of the SMART system.
  • Custom-made fire engine units consisting of two modified Toyota Hiluxes, parked at two different locations for quick access to the tunnel in case of fire on both carriageways.[7]

Toll rates[edit]

Class Type of vehicles Rate
(in Malaysian ringgit (RM))
Notes
1 Private Cars
(Vehicles with two axles and three or four wheels (excluding taxis))
RM 2.00 TnG and TAG are also available at this toll plaza.
4 Taxis RM 2.00 Cash only, paid by passengers only.

FM Radio channels available in the tunnel[edit]

Radio Frequencies
Klasik Nasional FM 87.7 MHz
KL FM 97.2 MHz
Nasional FM 95.3 MHz
Hot FM 97.6 MHz
Fly FM 95.8 MHz
hitz.fm 92.9 MHz
Traxx FM 90.3 MHz
BFM 89.9 89.9 MHz

List of interchanges[edit]

The entire expressway had its speed limit of 60 km/h.

Legend:

From/To E37 East-West Link Expressway[edit]

km Exit Interchange To Remarks
E38
0
E37 EAST-WEST LINK EXPRESSWAY

SOUTHEAST
Cheras

NORTHWEST
Petaling Jaya
Shah Alam
Direction Y junctions
E37 KUALA LUMPUR-SEREMBAN EXPRESSWAY
ANIH Berhad border limit
E38 SMART logo.gif SMART TUNNEL
SMART border limit
SMART logo.gif P SMART Tunnel operation office Parking (malaysia).jpg Toilet (malaysia).jpg TnG TAG Information centre (malaysia).jpg
Customer Service Centre
SMART Tunnel operation office
South bound on Cheras, Petaling Jaya and Shah Alam stretches only
SMART logo.gif SMART toll plaza
SMART
RM (Cash) TnG TAG TAG TnG RM (Cash)
Open toll system
Pay toll
MOTORWAY TUNNEL
Dry sections
Start/End of tunnel
Maximum height 2 m
Speed limit 60 km/h
From/To Motorway tunnel

From/To E37 Kuala Lumpur-Seremban Expressway[edit]

km Exit Interchange To Remarks
SOUTH
E37 KUALA LUMPUR-SEREMBAN EXPRESSWAY
E37 Kompleks Sukan Negara
E5 Klang
E2 NORTH-SOUTH EXPRESSWAY SOUTHERN ROUTE
E6 AH2 Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA) Airport (malaysia).jpg
E2 AH2 Seremban
E2 AH2 Melaka
E2 AH2 Johor Bahru
E37 KUALA LUMPUR-SEREMBAN EXPRESSWAY
ANIH Berhad border limit
E38 SMART logo.gif SMART TUNNEL
SMART border limit
E38
0
SMART logo.gif SMART toll plaza
SMART
RM (Cash) TnG TAG TAG TnG RM (Cash)
Open toll system
Pay toll
MOTORWAY TUNNEL
Dry sections
Start/End of tunnel
Maximum height 2 m
Speed limit 60 km/h
From/To Motorway tunnel

Motorway tunnel[edit]

km Exit Interchange To Remarks
MOTORWAY TUNNEL
Dry sections
Start/End of tunnel
Maximum height 2 m
Speed limit 60 km/h
EXIT 3801 Motorway Tunnel
Dry sections
Tunnel exit south bound
EXIT 3801A
SMART logo.gif P SMART Tunnel Operation Office
E37 EAST-WEST LINK EXPRESSWAY
E37 Cheras
E37 Petaling Jaya
E37 Shah Alam

EXIT 3801B
E37 KUALA LUMPUR-SEREMBAN EXPRESSWAY
E37 Kompleks Sukan Negara
E5 Klang
E2 NORTH-SOUTH EXPRESSWAY SOUTHERN ROUTE
E6 AH2 Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA) Airport (malaysia).jpg
E2 AH2 Seremban
E2 AH2 Melaka
E2 AH2 Johor Bahru
Tunnel interchange
MOTORWAY TUNNEL
Dry sections
MOTORWAY TUNNEL
Water gate boundary
MOTORWAY TUNNEL
Wet sections
Motorway Tunnel
Wet sections
MOTORWAY TUNNEL
Wet sections
MOTORWAY TUNNEL
Water gate boundary
MOTORWAY TUNNEL
Dry sections
EXIT 3802 Motorway Tunnel
Dry sections
Tunnel exit north bound
EXIT 3802A
SULTAN ISMAIL LINK TUNNEL
JALAN DAVIS
KUALA LUMPUR INNER RING ROAD
Jalan Imbi
Jalan Sultan Ismail
Jalan Bukit Bintang

EXIT 3802B
KUALA LUMPUR MIDDLE RING ROAD I
JALAN TUN RAZAK (Jalan Pekeliling)
Kuala Lumpur City Centre (KLCC)
Ampang
Tunnel interchange
Lower floor
MOTORWAY TUNNEL
Dry sections
Start/End of tunnel
Maximum height 2 m
Speed limit 60 km/h
E38 SMART logo.gif SMART TUNNEL
Start/End of expressway
SMART border limit
KUALA LUMPUR MIDDLE RING ROAD 1
DBKL border limit
NORTH
KUALA LUMPUR MIDDLE RING ROAD I
JALAN TUN RAZAK (Jalan Pekeliling)
Kuala Lumpur City Centre (KLCC)
Ampang

Sultan Ismail link tunnel[edit]

km Exit Interchange To Remarks
EXIT 3802 Sultan Ismail link tunnel
Dry sections
Tunnel entry south bound
MOTORWAY TUNNEL
E37 Cheras
E37 Petaling Jaya
E37 Kompleks Sukan Negara
E6 AH2 Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA) Airport (malaysia).jpg
E2 AH2 Seremban
E2 AH2 Melaka
E2 AH2 Johor Bahru
Tunnel interchange
Upper floor
MOTORWAY TUNNEL
Dry sections
Start/End of tunnel
Maximum height 2 m
Speed limit 60 km/h
E38 SMART logo.gif SMART TUNNEL
Start/End of expressway
SMART border limit
JALAN DAVIS
DBKL border limit
NORTHWEST
SULTAN ISMAIL-KAMPUNG PANDAN LINK (JALAN DAVIS)
KUALA LUMPUR INNER RING ROAD
Jalan Imbi
Jalan Sultan Ismail
Jalan Bukit Bintang

Tunnel in popular culture[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]