SM U-34 (Germany)

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Career (German Empire)
Name: U-34
Ordered: 29 March 1912
Builder: Germaniawerft, Kiel
Yard number: Werk 194
Laid down: 7 November 1912
Launched: 9 May 1914
Commissioned: 5 October 1914
Status: Missing as of 18 October 1918
General characteristics
Class & type: German Type U 31 submarine
Displacement: 685 tons surfaced
878 tons submerged
971 tons (total)
Length: 64.70 m (overall)
52.36 m (pressure hull)
Beam: 6.32 m (overall)
4.05 m (pressure hull)
Height: 7.68 m
Draught: 3.56 m
Propulsion: Diesel (2 x 950 PS)
Electric (2 x 600 PS)
1850 hp surfaced
1200 hp submerged
Speed: 16.4 knots surfaced
9.7 knots submerged
Range: 8790 miles at 8 kn surfaced 80 miles at 5 knsubmerged[1]
Test depth: 50 m
Complement: 4 officers
31 crewmen
Armament:
Service record
Part of: Imperial German Navy:
Commanders: Claus Rücker [1] 5 Oct 1914 - 11 Dec 1916
Johannes Klasing [2] 12 Dec 1916 - 17 Jan 1918, 14 Mar 1918 - 9 Nov 1918
Kptlt. Wilhelm Canaris[4] 18 Jan 1918 - 13 Mar 1918
Operations: 17 patrols

SM U-34 was a German U-Boat of World War I. Launched on May 9, 1914, U-34 sank a total of 119 ships during 17 combat patrols, while damaging another 5 ships. The vessel had three commanders during its time: Claus Rucker, Johannes Klasing, Wilhelm Canaris, and Klasing again, in that order. On October 18, 1918, U-34 sailed for the last time, disappearing with all 38 crew members lost. Although it was claimed that she was depth charged and sunk near Gibraltar by HMS Privet on November 9, 1918, it is believed that the U-Boat had been lost prior to that, but it has never been confirmed one way or the other.

U-34 sailed 17 patrols, sinking 119 ships for a total of 257,652 tons, and damaging another 5 for 14,208 tons.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ type U31
  2. ^ Fitzsimons, Bernard, ed. "U-Boats (1905-18)", in The Illustrated Encyclopedia of 20th Century Weapons and Warfare, "(Phoebus Publishing, 1978), Volume 23, p.2534.
  3. ^ Fitzsimons, p.2575; he mistakenly identifies it as 86mm p.2534.
  4. ^ http://www.uboat.net/wwi/men/commanders/43.html
  5. ^ U-34