SM U-41 (Germany)

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For other ships of the same name, see German submarine U-41.
Career (German Empire)
Name: U-41
Ordered: 12 June 1912
Builder: Germaniawerft, Kiel
Laid down: 22 April 1913
Launched: 10 October 1914
Commissioned: 1 February 1915
Fate: 24 September 1915 - Sunk by gunfire from Q-Ship Baralong in Western Approaches 49.10N 07.23W.. 35 dead and 2 survivors.
General characteristics
Class & type: German Type U 31 submarine
Displacement: 685 tons surfaced
878 tons submerged
971 tons (total)
Length: 64.70 m (overall)
52.36 m (pressure hull)
Beam: 6.32 m (overall)
4.05 m (pressure hull)
Height: 7.68 m
Draught: 3.56 m
Propulsion: Diesel (2 x 950 PS)
Electric (2 x 600 PS)
1850 hp surfaced
1200 hp submerged
Speed: 16.4 knots surfaced
9.7 knots submerged
Range: 8790 miles at 8 kn surfaced 80 miles at 5 knsubmerged[1]
Test depth: 50 m
Complement: 4 officers
31 crewmen
Armament:
Service record
Part of: Imperial German Navy:
II Flotilla
Unknown start - 24 Sep 1915
Commanders: Kptlt Claus Hansen[4]
1 Feb 1915 - 24 Sep 1915
Operations: 4 patrols
Victories: 28 merchant ships sunk (58,648 gross register tons (GRT))
1 merchant ship damaged (4,409 GRT)
1 ship taken as a prize (355 GRT)

SM U-41' was one of the 329 submarines serving in the Imperial German Navy in World War I. U-41 engaged in naval warfare and took part in the First Battle of the Atlantic.

Fate[edit]

U-41 was sunk by British Q-ship on September 24, 1915 in the Second Baralong Incident. At this stage in the war, U-boat commanders were under orders to scrupulously observe the rules of war (the "cruiser rules"). After spotting merchant targets, submarines surfaced nearby, boarded the ships, and searched for contraband. This prevented the sinking of neutral vessels, but exposed the submarines to great risk.

SS Urbino[edit]

Prior to being sunk, a boarding party from U-41 went aboard 6,651 gross register tons (GRT) merchantman SS Urbino. After finding war material on board, the merchant crew were evacuated to lifeboats. U-41 was in the process of sinking Urbino with gunfire when HMS Wyandra (in the guise of the American-flagged merchantman Baralong) arrived on the scene, flying an American flag. When U-41 approached, Wyandra, fired on and sank the U-boat without striking the American flag. This was a violation of the rules of war; while the use of a False Flag was allowed,[5] it was required that a belligerent identify themselves before initiating hostilities.

The event generated widespread outrage in Germany, especially among Kriegsmarine officers. The sinking was also commemorated in a propaganda medal designed by the German medallist Karl Goetz.

Summary of Raiding Career[edit]

Date Name Nationality Tonnage
(GRT)
Fate[6]
2 May 1915 America  Norway 3,706 Sunk
2 May 1915 Cruiser  United Kingdom 146 Sunk
2 May 1915 Martaban  United Kingdom 148 Sunk
2 May 1915 Mercury  United Kingdom 222 Sunk
2 May 1915 St. George  United Kingdom 215 Sunk
3 May 1915 Oscar  Norway 107 Sunk
3 May 1915 Roxane  Sweden 355 Captured as a prize
25 May 1915 Nebraskan  United States 4,409 Damaged
26 May 1915 Morwenna  United Kingdom 1,414 Sunk
27 May 1915 Cadeby  United Kingdom 1,130 Sunk
28 May 1915 Ethiope  United Kingdom 3,794 Sunk
28 May 1915 Spennymoor  United Kingdom 2,733 Sunk
28 May 1915 Tullochmoor  United Kingdom 3,520 Sunk
29 May 1915 Cysne  Portugal 623 Sunk
29 May 1915 Dixiana  United Kingdom 3,329 Sunk
29 May 1915 Glenlee  United Kingdom 4,140 Sunk
16 July 1915 Balva  Russian Empire 1,165 Sunk
17 July 1915 General Radetzky  Russian Empire 2,118 Sunk
24 July 1915 Grangewood  United Kingdom 3,422 Sunk
25 July 1915 Celtic  United Kingdom 264 Sunk
25 July 1915 Cydonia  United Kingdom 259 Sunk
25 July 1915 Emblem  United Kingdom 157 Sunk
25 July 1915 Gadwall  United Kingdom 192 Sunk
25 July 1915 Honoria  United Kingdom 179 Sunk
25 July 1915 Leelenaw  United States 1,923 Sunk
28 July 1915 Trondhjemsfjord  Norway 4,350 Sunk
23 September 1915 Anglo-colombian  United Kingdom 4,792 Sunk
23 September 1915 Chancellor  United Kingdom 4,586 Sunk
23 September 1915 Hesione  United Kingdom 3,363 Sunk
24 September 1915 Urbino  United Kingdom 6,651 Sunk

References[edit]

  1. ^ type U31
  2. ^ Fitzsimons, Bernard, ed. "U-Boats (1905-18)", in The Illustrated Encyclopedia of 20th Century Weapons and Warfare, "(Phoebus Publishing, 1978), Volume 23, p.2534.
  3. ^ Fitzsimons, p.2575; he mistakenly identifies it as 86mm p.2534.
  4. ^ "Claus Hansen". uboat.net. Retrieved 12 January 2015. 
  5. ^ deHaven-Smith, Lance (2013). Conspiracy Theory in America. Austin: University of Texas Press. p. 225. 
  6. ^ "SM U-41 successes". UBoat.net. Retrieved 12 January 2015. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 49°10′N 7°20′W / 49.167°N 7.333°W / 49.167; -7.333