Kepler's Supernova

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from SN 1604)
Jump to: navigation, search
SN 1604
Keplers supernova.jpg
A false-color composite (HST/SIRTF) image of the supernova remnant nebula from SN 1604.
Credit: HST/NASA/ESA.
Observation data (Epoch J2000)
Supernova type Ia [1]
Remnant type Shell
Host galaxy Milky Way
Constellation Ophiuchus
Right ascension 17h 30m 42s
Declination −21° 29′
Galactic coordinates G4.5+6.8
Discovery date October 9, 1604
Peak magnitude (V) −2.25 to −2.5
Distance 20,000 light-years (6.1 kpc)
Physical characteristics
Progenitor Unknown
Progenitor type Unknown
Colour (B-V) Unknown
Notable features Latest observed supernova
in our galaxy.
Maintained naked-eye
visibility for 18 months.

Supernova 1604, also known as Kepler's Supernova, Kepler's Nova or Kepler's Star, was a supernova that occurred in the Milky Way, in the constellation Ophiuchus. Appearing in 1604, it is the most recent supernova to have been unquestionably observed by the naked eye in our own galaxy, occurring no farther than 6 kiloparsecs or about 20,000 light-years from Earth.[citation needed]

Visible to the naked eye, Kepler's Star was brighter at its peak than any other star in the night sky, and brighter than all the planets other than Venus, with an apparent magnitude of −2.5. It was visible during the day for over three weeks.[citation needed]

Johannes Kepler's original drawing depicting the location of the stella nova, marked with an N (8 grid squares down, 4 over from the left).

The first recorded observation was in northern Italy on October 9, 1604.[2] Johannes Kepler began observing the luminous display while working at the imperial court in Prague for Emperor Rudolf II on October 17.[3] It was subsequently named after him because his observations tracked the object for an entire year and because of his book on the subject, entitled De Stella nova in pede Serpentarii ("On the new star in Ophiuchus's foot", Prague 1606).[citation needed]

It was the second supernova to be observed in a generation (after SN 1572 seen by Tycho Brahe in Cassiopeia). No further supernovae have since been observed with certainty in the Milky Way, though many others outside our galaxy have been seen since S Andromedae[citation needed] and SN 1987A in the Large Magellanic Cloud was visible to the naked eye.

Present day astronomical evidence exists for a Milky Way supernova whose signal would have reached Earth ca 1680 (Cassiopeia A), and another object whose light should have arrived ca 1870. However there is no historical record of either having been detected at the time, by the unaided human eye.[4]

The supernova remnant resulting from this supernova is considered to be one of the prototypical objects of its kind, and is still an object of much study in astronomy.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Chandra X-Ray Observatory". Kepler's Supernova Remnant: A Star's Death Comes to Life. Retrieved 2006-01-16. 
  2. ^ L. Colombe, Discorso, Nel quale si dimostra, che la nuova Stella apparita l'Octobre passato 1604 nel Sagittario... (Florence, n.d.).
  3. ^ "Bill Blair's Kepler's Supernova Remnant Page". Retrieved October 7, 2009 .
  4. ^ "Chandra X-Ray Observatory". Discovery of Most Recent Supernova in Our Galaxy, May 14, 2008. Retrieved 2012-05-02. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Blair, William P.; Long, Knox S.; Vancura, Olaf (1991). "A detailed optical study of Kepler's supernova remnant". Astrophysical Journal 366: 484–494. Bibcode:1991ApJ...366..484B. doi:10.1086/169583 .
  • Sule, A.; et al. (2011). "Indian Record for Kepler's Supernova: Evidence from Kashmir Valley". Astronomische Nachrichten 332 (6): 655–657. doi:10.1002/asna.201011555. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: Sky map 17h 30m 38.5s, −21° 28′ 48″