The SPARC Enterprise series is a range of UNIX server computers based on SPARC V9 architecture. It was co-developed by Sun Microsystems and Fujitsu and introduced in 2007. They are marketed and sold by Sun Microsystems (since 2010, Oracle Corporation), Fujitsu, and Fujitsu Siemens Computers under the common brand of SPARC Enterprise, superseding Sun's Sun Fire and Fujitsu's PRIMEPOWER server product lines.
|Model||RU||Max processors||Processor frequency||Max memory||Max disk capacity||GA Date|
|M3000||2||1× SPARC64 VII or VII+||2.52, 2.75 GHz (VII) or 2.86 GHz (VII+)||64 GB||4× 2.5" SAS||October 2008 (2.52GHz), February 2010 (2.75GHz), April 2011 (VII+)|
|M4000||6||4× SPARC64 VI or VII or VII+||2.15 GHz (VI), 2.53 GHz (VII), or 2.66 GHz (VII+)||256 GB||2× 2.5" SAS||April 2007 (VI), July 2008 (VII), December 2010 (VII+)|
|M5000||10||8× SPARC64 VI, VII or VII+||2.15 GHz (VI), 2.53 GHz (VII), or 2.66 GHz (VII+)||512 GB||4× 2.5" SAS||April 2007 (VI), July 2008 (VII), December 2010 (VII+)|
|M8000||N/A||16× SPARC64 VI, VII, or VII+||2.28, 2.4 GHz (VI), 2.52, 2.88 GHz (VII), or 3.0 GHz (VII+)||1024 GB||16× 2.5" SAS||April 2007 (VI), July 2008 (VII), December 2010 (VII+)|
|M9000||N/A||32 or 64× SPARC64 VI, VII, or VII+||2.28, 2.4 GHz (VI), 2.52, 2.88 GHz (VII), or 3.0 GHz (VII+)||4096 GB||64× 2.5" SAS||April 2007 (VI), July 2008 (VII), December 2010 (VII+)|
|T1000||1||1× UltraSPARC T1||1.0 GHz||32 GB||One 3.5" SATA or Two 2.5" SAS||March 2006|
|T2000||2||1× UltraSPARC T1||1.0, 1.2, 1.4 GHz||64 GB||Up to four 2.5" SAS||December 2005|
|T5120||1||1× UltraSPARC T2||1.2, 1.4 GHz||128 GB||Up to eight 2.5" SAS||November 2007|
|T5140||1||2× UltraSPARC T2+||1.2, 1.4 GHz||128 GB||Up to eight 2.5" SAS||April 2008|
|T5220||2||1× UltraSPARC T2||1.2, 1.4 GHz||128 GB||Up to sixteen 2.5" SAS||November 2007|
|T5240||2||2× UltraSPARC T2+||1.2, 1.4 GHz||256 GB||Up to sixteen 2.5" SAS||April 2008|
|T5440||4||4× UltraSPARC T2+||1.2, 1.4 GHz||512 GB||Up to four 2.5" SAS||Oct 2008|
SPARC64 processor based models (M-series)
- M3000 - 1 processor socket, 2U rack-mount
- M4000 - Up to 4 processor sockets, 6U rack-mount
- M5000 - Up to 8 processor sockets, 10U rack-mount
- M8000 - Up to 16 processor sockets, one data center rack
- M9000 - Up to 64 processor sockets, one or two data center racks
The SPARC64 VI is a dual-core processor, with each core featuring two-way vertical multi-threading (VMT). A M9000 server configured with the maximum number of processors supports running 256 concurrent threads. VMT is a coarse-grained multi-threading implementation. Each core in the SPARC64 VI can handle two strands or threads. VMT switches execution from one strand to the other on the basis of events. To execute instructions from another thread, the pipeline must be saved/flushed and switched to the registers for the other thread. These events include L2 cache misses, a hardware timer exception, interrupts, or some multi-threading-related control instructions. This is also called Switch On Event (SOE) threading.
In 2008, Fujitsu released the SPARC64 VII, a quad-core processor, with each core featuring two-way simultaneous multi-threading. Existing M-class servers will be able to upgrade to the SPARC64 VII processors in the field.
In 2010, Fujitsu released the SPARC64 VII+, running at higher frequency and with a larger L2 cache than its predecessor. A SPARC64 VII or SPARC64 VII+ processor module includes four physical cores, where each core can execute two threads. Each physical core is able to run both threads simultaneously. With SMT, there is no context-switch time and the two threads share the instruction pipeline smoothly. When both are ready to run, they alternate cycles for superscalar instruction issue, and share the functional units according to need.
An important capability of the M-Series is the ability to mix processor generations and clock speeds in the same system and domain. All M-Series servers can have both SPARC64 VI and SPARC64 VII CPUs installed and they will run at their native speeds, with no clocking down to the slowest CPU.
UltraSPARC T processor based models (T-series)
- T1000 - 1 processor socket, 1U rack-mount
- T2000 - 1 processor socket, 2U rack-mount
In October 2007, Sun added the UltraSPARC T2-based servers to the SPARC Enterprise line:
- T5120 - 1 processor socket, 1U rack-mount
- T5220 - 1 processor socket, 2U rack-mount
In April 2008, Sun added the UltraSPARC T2 Plus-based servers to the SPARC Enterprise line:
- T5140 - 2 processor sockets, 1U rack-mount
- T5240 - 2 processor sockets, 2U rack-mount
In October 2008, Sun released the 4-way SMP UltraSPARC T2 Plus-based server:
- T5440 - 4 processor sockets, 4U rack-mount
SPARC Enterprise models are licensed to run the Solaris operating system versions 10 and 11.
Partitioning and virtualization
The UltraSPARC T1, UltraSPARC T2/T2+ models partition the system using Logical Domains.
Both M-series and T-series models support Solaris Containers, which supports a maximum of 8191 non-global zones in each Dynamic Domain or Logical Domain.
- "Community Development Comes to Hardware". Sun Microsystems. Retrieved 2007-04-21.
- "Improving Application Efficiency Through Chip Multi-Threading". Sun Microsystems. Retrieved 2008-02-20.
- "Sun SPARC Enterprise Server Family Architecture: Flexible, Mainframe-Class Compute Power for the Datacenter". Sun Microsystems. Retrieved 2008-04-21.
- "Oracle and Fujitsu Enhance SPARC Enterprise M-Series Servers with New Processor". Oracle. Retrieved 2011-12-21.
- "Sun SPARC Enterprise M9000 Breaks a Teraflop". supercomputingonline.com. Retrieved 2008-01-14.[dead link]
- "Sun SPARC Enterprise M9000 server". Transaction Processing Performance Council. Retrieved 2008-05-21.
- "SPARC Enterprise M8000 server". SPEC. Retrieved 2009-02-18.
- "SPARC Enterprise M8000 server". SPEC. Retrieved 2008-02-18.
- "Introduction to Dynamic Reconfiguration and Capacity on Demand for Sun SPARC Enterprise Servers". Sun Microsystems. Retrieved 2007-04-25.
- "High Availability in the Data Center". Sun Microsystems. Retrieved 2007-04-26.
- "System and Resource Management". Sun Microsystems. Retrieved 2007-04-26.
- SPARC Servers (Oracle)
- Fujitsu Siemens SPARC Enterprise Servers (for European, African and Middle Eastern markets)
- UNIX Servers SPARC Enterprise (Fujitsu global)
- Fujitsu Computer Systems SPARC Enterprise Servers (For North American markets)