SPIM

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For other uses, see Spim (disambiguation).

SPIM is a MIPS processor simulator, designed to run assembly language code for this architecture. The program simulates R2000 and R3000 processors, and was written by James R. Larus while a professor at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.[1] The MIPS machine language is often taught in college-level assembly courses, especially those using the textbook Computer Organization and Design: The Hardware/Software Interface by David A. Patterson and John L. Hennessy (ISBN 1-55860-428-6).

The name of the simulator is a reversal of the letters "MIPS".

SPIM simulators are available for Windows (PCSpim), Mac OS X and Unix/Linux-based (xspim) operating systems. As of release 8.0 in January 2010, the simulator is licensed under the standard BSD license.

In January, 2011, a major release version 9.0 features QtSpim that has a new user interface built on the cross-platform Qt UI framework and runs on Windows, GNU/Linux, and Mac OS X. From this version, the project has also been moved to SourceForge for better maintenance. Precompiled versions of QtSpim for Linux (32-bit), Windows, and Mac OS X, as well as PCSpim for Windows are provided.

The SPIM operating system[edit]

The SPIM simulator comes with a rudimentary operating system, which allows the programmer usage of common used functions in a comfortable way. Such functions are invoked by the syscall-instruction. Then the OS acts depending on the values of specific registers.

Examples of system calls (used by SPIM)
service Trap code Input Output Notes
print_int $v0 = 1 $a0 = integer to print prints $a0 to standard output base = 10
print_string $v0 = 4 $a0 = address of first character prints a character string to standard output
read_int $v0 = 5 integer read from standard input placed in $v0 base = 10
sbrk $v0 = 9 $a0 = number of bytes required $v0= address of allocated memory Allocates memory from the heap
exit $v0 = 10
file_open $v0 = 13 $a0 = full path, $a1 = flags, $a2 = UNIX octal file mode $v0 = file descriptor example; there are read/write/close functions, too

The SPIM OS expects a label named main as a handover point from the OS-preamble.

SPIM Alternatives/Competitors[edit]

MARS (MIPS Assembler and Runtime Simulator)[2] is a Java-based IDE for the MIPS Assembly Programming Language and an alternative to SPIM. Its initial release was in 2005 and is under active development.

Imperas is a suite of embedded software development tools for MIPS architecture which uses Just-in-time compilation emulation and simulation technology. The simulator was initially released in 2008 and is under active development. There are over 30 open source models of the MIPS 32 bit [3] and 64 bit [4] cores.

See also[edit]

  • GXemul (formerly known as mips64emul), another MIPS emulator. Unlike SPIM, which focuses on emulating a bare MIPS instruction set implementation, GXemul is written to emulate full computer systems based on MIPS microprocessors—for example, GXemul can emulate a DECstation 5000 Model 200 workstation
  • OVPsim also emulates MIPS, and where all the MIPS models are verified by MIPS Technologies
  • QEMU also emulates MIPS
  • MIPS architecture

References[edit]

External links[edit]