SPS Patiño (A14)

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A14-Patiño.jpg
Patiño in 2004
Career (Spain)
Name: SPS Patiño
Namesake: José Patiño Rosales
Ordered: December 1991
Builder: Navantia
Launched: 22 June 1994
Completed: 16 June 1995
Commissioned: June 1995[1]
Homeport: Naval Station Rota Spain
Identification: A14
Status: Active in service
General characteristics
Type: Replenishment oiler
Tonnage: 17,045 t
Displacement: 7,780 t
Length: 170 m (560 ft)
Installed power: 2 x Navantia/Burmeister and Wein 16V40/45 diesel engines rated at 17.6MW sustained power[1]
Speed: 20 kn (37 km/h; 23 mph)
Range: 13,450 nmi (24,910 km; 15,480 mi)
Endurance: 21 days
Crew: 148, plus 19 air crew, plus 20 extras[1]
Sensors and
processing systems:
2 × Decca 2690 navigation radar URN-25A TACAN Aldebaran ESM / ECM system
Armament: 2 x Oerlikon 20 mm cannon
2 x Izar FABA Systems Meroka 20mm close-in weapon system
Aircraft carried: 3 Sikorsky SH-3 Sea King
Aviation facilities: 490 m2 (5,300 sq ft) flight deck[1]

SPS Patiño is a replenishment oiler of the Spanish Navy. It was named after the Spanish navy minister José Patiño Rosales, who reorganized the fleet on the orders of Philip V of Spain.

The ship was ordered in December 1991 from Navantia. It was launched on 22 June 1994 and completed in June 1995.[1] Patiño was commissioned in June 1995 with the pennant number A14. The vessel's homeport is at Naval Station Rota.[1]

Overview[edit]

Patiño at the Spanish naval base at Ferrol

Design[edit]

Patiño is a product of cooperation between Koninklijke Marine and Armada Española. The design of the ship is similar to HNLMS Amsterdam of the Dutch Navy, the vessels were developed in cooperation. Patiño was mostly a civilian design. The vessel is 170 metres (560 ft) and measures 17,045 tons but displaces 7,780 tons. The oiler has a crew of 148 plus 20 extra berths.

Propulsion[edit]

Patiño is fitted with two Navantia / Burmeister and Wein 16V40/45 diesel engines rated to 17.6 megawatts (23,600 hp) sustained power. The engines drive a single shaft with a five-blade controllable-pitch propeller. This gives the vessel a maximum speed of 20 knots (37 km/h; 23 mph) and a range of 13,450 nautical miles (24,910 km; 15,480 mi).

Electronics[edit]

Patiño is fitted with three navigation-surface search and helicopter control radars operating at I-band. The countermeasures equipment includes: four mk36 SRBOC (super rapid blooming offboard chaff), six-barrelled launchers from Lockheed Martin Sippican der four infrared decoys and chaff, distraction and deflection of incoming anti-ship missiles to a range of 4 kilometres (2.5 mi); an AN/SLQ-25A Nixie towed torpedo decoy system from Argon ST of Newington, Virginia. The two towed units emit acoustic signals from an onboard transmitter. The vessel is also equipped with an Aldebaran Electronic Support Measures / Electronic Countermeasures (ESM / ECM) system from Spain's Indra Group.

Armament[edit]

Patiño´s weapons system include two Oerlikon 20mm guns and the vessel is fitted for two Izar FABA Systems Meroka 20mm close-in weapon system (CIWS). The guns having a rate of fire of 1.440 rounds a minute and range of up to 2,000 metres (6,600 ft). The Meroka CIWS includes an infrared camera and video auto-tracker.

Aircraft[edit]

Patiño is designed to carry up to 5 helicopters. It has a normal complement of only three 3 Sikorsky SH-3 Sea Kings with 19 air crew provided.

Capabilities[edit]

The ship is able to support a fleet of up to 21 days, and is equipped with six fuel pumps with a capacity of 600 m3 (21,000 cu ft) of fuel per minute. A typical fleet consists of 5 escort carriers and about 20 aircraft.[clarification needed]

Diesel (F76) (spread over 16 different tanks): 8750 tons Aviation fuel (F44): 1200 tons (Holland rebuilt in 2003 a tank to contain F76) Freshwater (1 tank): 142 ton Food (over 1 tørproviantrum, 1 cold room and freezer 1): 1100 tons Ammunition (spread over 5 rooms): 350 ton

Deployments[edit]

Operation Sharp Guard, 1996[edit]

Patiño participated in the NATO Operation Sharp Guard, to support the trade embargo against the former Yugoslavia.

Operation Allied Action, 1998[edit]

In 1998, SPS Patiño participated in Operation Allied Action during the Kosovo War.

Patiño was also involved a long series of international exercises such as Joint Warrior and Seattle Mariner and has also sailed as part of the NATO Standing NATO Maritime Group 1 (SNMG1) and Standing NATO Maritime Group 2 (SNMG2).

Operation Enduring Freedom[edit]

In 2002, Patiño and the Spanish frigate Navarra took part in Operation Enduring Freedom. In December 2002, the media spotlight directed at the Spanish ships as they boarded the North Korean merchant ship So San, which was pretending to be a Colombian trading ship.

So San, sailed without flag and tried to steer elusive. After four warning shots across the ship's bows, Spanish marksmen hit and cut an sling crossing the deck to make room for inserting a boarding team by helicopter. On board the ship the Spanish marines found 15 Scud missiles with conventional warheads of 250 kilograms (550 lb), 23 tanks of nitric acid and 85 drums of other chemicals. Yemen stated that the cargo belonged to them and that they protested against the seizure of the ship. It subsequently emerged that the Yemeni defense had purchased the missiles legally from North Korea and that they therefore had no legal authority to detain the ship. The Allies had to let the ship proceed.

Somalia, 2010 to Present[edit]

Patiño was deployed and operates as part of the European Union's Operation Atalanta security mission. The EU force NAVFOR, a multinational mission to protect ships, patrols the region in the perilous shipping route off the coast of Somalia. Patino was the NAVFOR flagship.

On 8 December 2010, Patiño arrived off Somalia and became the flagship of the operation under Rear Admiral Juan Rodriguez on 14 December.[2] Her role as the flagship lasted until 21 January 2011.[3] By the end of November 2011 the vessel returned to the Indian Ocean to take her second tour at Operation Atalanta. As a replenishment ship she supported other vessels of the operation with oil and other supplies and also escorted ships with humanitarian help to Somalia.

12 January Piracy Incident[edit]

In the early morning of 12 January 2012, Patiño was attacked by Somali pirates, apparently under the assumption that the ship was just a commercial vessel. The Spanish naval vessel fought off an attack by the pirates. Patiño then sent its helicopter to chase the attackers and captured six of them while one was reported killed. Patiño had been escorting a ship carrying food aid to Somalia for the World Food Programme.[4]

References[edit]