A missile firing unit (MFU) of the SPYDER system
|Type||Short to medium range air defence system|
|Place of origin||Israel|
|In service||Company firing tests of the system are underway as of 2010|
|Used by||See users|
|Manufacturer||Rafael Advanced Defense Systems|
|Unit cost||$55.55 million for 1 system in September 2008|
|Engine||solid fuel rocket motor|
|Python: >15 km; Derby: >35 km|
|Flight altitude||Python: 9 km; Derby: 16 km|
|Python: IR + 320×240 pixel dual waveband electro-optical imaging seeker, lock-on after launch, with infrared counter-counter-measures (IRCCM); Derby: active RF radar, infrared seeker|
|Tatra chassis, Mercedes-Benz Actros or MAN TGS for Republic of Singapore Air Force|
The SPYDER (Surface-to-air PYthon and DERby) is an advanced anti-aircraft missile system developed by the Israeli company Rafael Advanced Defense Systems, which is fitted atop a Czech Tatra truck. It implements surface-to-air versions of the Python-5 and Derby missiles of the same company.
SPYDER is a quick reaction medium range missile system that can engage aircraft, helicopters, unmanned air vehicles, drones and precision-guided munitions. It provides air defence for fixed assets and for point and area mobile forces in combat areas. Research that was used to develop the SPYDER was later used to develop the Iron Dome. Test firings of the system by the company were underway as of 2010
The SPYDER-SR system has 360° engagement ability and missiles can be launched from the full-readiness state in less than five seconds after target confirmation. The kill range is up to 20 mi (32 km) and at altitudes from a minimum of 50 ft (15 m) to a maximum of 120,000 ft (37 km). The system can perform multi-target simultaneous engagement and single, multiple and ripple firing, by day and night, in all weather.
The command and control unit is developed by Israel Aerospace Industries. It is housed in a truck-mounted shelter with a mounted Elta EL/M-2106 ATAR radar, identification friend or foe (IFF) interrogator and communication equipment. The VHF/UHF communication system is for internal squadron communication and to upper tier command. The Elta EL/M-2106 ATAR 3D surveillance radar can track up to 500 targets simultaneously. The radar has 360° operation and all-weather day and night ability. The radar includes advanced electronic counter-countermeasures (ECCM) to operate in dense hostile electronic warfare environments.
It has been suggested that a SPYDER system could be armed with David's Sling missiles, modified with boosters to increase speed at launch and different seekers. The missile can hit targets from 65 feet to 28,000 feet, making the SPYDER a mobile long-range rocket interceptor.
India plans to acquire 18 systems at a cost of $415 million (Rs. 1800 crore) for its air force, but the deal was reviewed by the Central Vigilance Commission, the government’s anti-corruption agency. The deal was cleared by the Defence Acquisition Council in August, 2009.
- Republic of Singapore Air Force - 165 Squadron with two batteries (12 launchers with 75 Python-5 and 75 Derby missiles).
- "SPYDER Surface-to-Air Python-5 and Derby Air Defence Missile System, Israel". army-technology.com. Net Resources International. Retrieved 18 April 2011.
- Israeli Patriot Replacement - Strategypage.com, December 13, 2012
- Pandit, Rajat (August 18, 2001). "IAF to add teeth with Israeli missile system". Defense News (The Times Of India). Retrieved 2008-08-18.
- Georgian Air Defence SPYDER-SR
- "SIPRI arms transfer database". Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. Updated on 19 March 2012. Retrieved 20 March 2012.
- Ong Hong Tat (17 June 2011). "No escape from the SPYDER". MINDEF. Retrieved 21 June 2011.