California State Route 1

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"Pacific Coast Highway (United States)" redirects here. For other uses, see Pacific Coast Highway and Coast Highway.
"California 1" redirects here. For other uses, see 1 California.

State Route 1 marker

State Route 1
Route information
Defined by S&HC § 301
Maintained by Caltrans
Length: 655.845 mi[2] (1,055.480 km)
(broken into 5 pieces by U.S. Route 101)
Existed: 1934 – present
Tourist
routes:
Route One, Big Sur Coast Highway and Route One, San Luis Obispo North Coast Byway
Restrictions:
Major junctions
South end: I‑5 in Dana Point
 
North end: US 101 near Leggett
Highway system
I‑980 SR 2

State Route 1 (SR 1) is a major north-south state highway that runs along most of the Pacific coastline of the U.S. state of California. Highway 1 has several portions designated as either Pacific Coast Highway (PCH), Cabrillo Highway, Shoreline Highway, or Coast Highway. Its southern terminus is at Interstate 5 (I-5) near Dana Point in Orange County and its northern terminus is at U.S. Highway 101 (US 101) near Leggett in Mendocino County. Highway 1 also at times runs concurrently with US 101, most notably through a 54-mile (87 km) stretch in Ventura and Santa Barbara counties, and across the Golden Gate Bridge.

The highway is famous for running along some of the most beautiful coastlines in the USA, leading to its designation as an All-American Road. In addition to providing a scenic route to numerous attractions along the coast, the route also serves as a major thoroughfare in the Greater Los Angeles Area, the San Francisco Bay Area, and several other coastal urban areas.

SR 1 was built piecemeal in various stages, with the first section opening in the Big Sur region in the 1930s. However, portions of the route had several names and numbers over the years as more segments opened. It was not until the 1964 state highway renumbering that the entire route was officially designated as Highway 1. Although SR 1 is a popular route for its scenic beauty, frequent landslides and erosion along the coast have caused several segments to be either closed for lengthy periods for repairs, or re-routed further inland.

Route description[edit]

Highway 1 is part of the California Freeway and Expressway System[3] and is eligible for the State Scenic Highway System.[4] However, only a few stretches between Los Angeles and San Francisco have officially been designated as a scenic highway.[5] The Big Sur section from San Luis Obispo to Carmel is an official National Scenic Byway.[6]

The entire route is designated as a Blue Star Memorial Highway to recognize those in the United States armed forces. In Southern California, the California Legislature has designated the segment between Interstate 5 (I-5) in Dana Point and US 101 near Oxnard as the Pacific Coast Highway (commonly referred to as "PCH"). Between U.S. 101 at the Las Cruces junction (8 miles south of Buellton) and U.S. 101 in Pismo Beach, and between U.S. 101 in San Luis Obispo and Interstate 280 in San Francisco, the legislature has designated State Highway 1 as the Cabrillo Highway, after the Portuguese explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo. The legislature has also designated the route as the Shoreline Highway between the Manzanita Junction near Marin City and Leggett. Smaller segments of the highway have been assigned several other names by the state and municipal governments.[7] The legislature has also relinquished state control of segments within Dana Point, Newport Beach, and Santa Monica; those segments are now maintained by those respective municipalities.[8]

In addition to connecting the coastal cities and communities along its path, Highway 1 provides access to beaches, parks, and other attractions along the coast, making it a popular route for tourists. The route annually helps bring several billion dollars to the state's tourism industry.[9] The route runs right besides the coastline, or close to it, for the most part, and it turns several miles inland to avoid several federally controlled or protected areas such as Vandenberg Air Force Base, Diablo Canyon Power Plant and Point Reyes National Seashore.

Segments of Highway 1 range from a rural two-lane road to an urban freeway. Because of the former, long distance thru traffic traveling between the coastal metropolitan areas are instead advised to use faster routes such as U.S. 101 or I-5.

Orange County[edit]

Southbound PCH in Crystal Cove State Park near Laguna Beach

At its southernmost end in Orange County, Highway 1 terminates at I-5 in Capistrano Beach in Dana Point. It then travels north into the city center, where, for about 1 mile (1.6 km), northbound traffic continues along the original PCH alignment and southbound traffic is diverted onto the parallel Del Prado. After the two roads merge back, Highway 1 continues north along the coast through Laguna Beach and Crystal Cove State Park.

Highway 1 then enters Newport Beach, where it is known as simply Coast Highway. It passes through several affluent neighborhoods, including Newport Coast and Corona Del Mar, and spans the entrance to the Upper Newport Bay. Upon entering Huntington Beach, Highway 1 regains the Pacific Coast Highway designation. It passes Huntington State Beach before reaching Bolsa Chica State Beach and the Bolsa Chica Ecological Reserve. PCH then continues along the coast into Seal Beach, the final city on its journey in Orange County.

Los Angeles and Ventura counties[edit]

PCH enters Los Angeles County and the city of Long Beach after crossing the San Gabriel River. Highway 1 then continues northwest through the city to its junction with Lakewood Boulevard (State Route 19) and Los Coyotes Diagonal at the Long Beach Traffic Circle, more than 2 miles (3.2 km) from the coast. From the traffic circle, it continues inland west through Long Beach, including approximately one mile adjacent to the southern boundary of Signal Hill. PCH then passes through the Los Angeles districts of Wilmington and Harbor City. While bypassing the immediate coastline of Palos Verdes, Highway 1 continues to head west into the cities of Lomita and Torrance.

PCH then turns north through Redondo Beach and Hermosa Beach. Upon entering Manhattan Beach, it becomes Sepulveda Boulevard and continues through El Segundo and Los Angeles International Airport (LAX), passing under two runways via the Sepulveda Boulevard Tunnel.

Southbound SR 1 between Santa Monica and LAX.

After leaving LAX, State Highway 1 turns northwest, becoming Lincoln Boulevard and passing through the Los Angeles neighborhoods of Westchester, Playa Vista, Marina Del Rey, and Venice. It then enters the city of Santa Monica, where Highway 1 turns southwest, merging onto the final segment of the Santa Monica Freeway. Passing through the McClure Tunnel, Highway 1 emerges along the beachfront in Santa Monica and continues along the coast; it is known locally also as Palisades Beach Road and formerly as Roosevelt Highway. Upon leaving Santa Monica, it once again regains the name PCH as it follows the coast, curving west through the Pacific Palisades neighborhood of Los Angeles before becoming Malibu's main thoroughfare, spanning the entire 21 miles (34 km) of that city.

PCH passes Mugu Rock at Point Mugu.

After leaving Malibu, Highway 1 crosses into Ventura County and continues along the coast through Point Mugu State Park to just beyond the park's western boundary. Approaching the Oxnard Plain, it passes through a notch in the mountain that forms Point Mugu. The road cut left a very large rock formation at the tip of the point that is called the Mugu Rock. At that point, PCH leaves the coast and heads north, and then northwest as a freeway along the northeastern boundary of Naval Base Ventura County Point Mugu for several miles to an interchange at Rice Avenue, Pleasant Valley Road, and Oxnard Boulevard in Oxnard. Truck traffic to and from the Port of Hueneme is expected to use the Rice Road/Hueneme Road connector at this point. From there, Highway 1 continues northwest onto Oxnard Boulevard to Wooley Road, then heads due north further inland to US 101, where it begins its first concurrency with that U.S. Route.

After traveling through Ventura, Highway 1 separates from US 101 to travel along the historic beach route that was originally opened up by the construction of the Railroad Coastal Route from Emma Wood State Beach to the Mobil Pier Undercrossing near Seacliff, where it rejoins US 101 about 3 miles (4.8 km) south of the Santa Barbara County line near La Conchita.

Central Coast and Big Sur[edit]

Looking south showing the McWay Rocks island group, about 16 miles south of Big Sur

The US 101/Highway 1 concurrency (although actual signage mentioning Highway 1 through this segment is nonexistent) from the Mobil Pier Undercrossing runs for 54 miles (87 km), passing through the City of Santa Barbara and its neighboring communities along the coast of Santa Barbara County. The route then turns away from the coast at Gaviota, avoiding Point Conception, and heads due north through Gaviota State Park and the Gaviota Tunnel. In Las Cruces, Highway 1, now named Cabrillo Highway, splits again from US 101 and heads northwest to the city of Lompoc. It is briefly joined with Highway 246 along Lompoc's east-west Ocean Avenue, before turning north as H Street to Harris Grade Road, where it then regains the Cabrillo Highway name.

After reaching the main entrance to Vandenberg Air Force Base, Highway 1 turns northeast, away from the immediate coastline of the base, to join Highway 135. Route 135 then splits from Route 1 south of Orcutt, and the Cabrillo Highway turns northwest back towards the coast to Guadalupe. It enters San Luis Obispo County, avoiding the immediate coastline of the protected Guadalupe-Nipomo Dunes, before passing through Grover Beach and subsequently joining US 101 for the third time at Pismo Beach. The US 101/Highway 1 concurrency then avoids the immediate coastline of Avila Beach and Diablo Canyon Power Plant, and instead heads straight inland to San Luis Obispo.

The Bixby Creek Bridge in Big Sur

Highway 1 splits from US 101 at Santa Rosa Street in San Luis Obispo and then resumes as a four lane road as the Cabrillo Highway. It rejoins the coast in Morro Bay, running through that city as a freeway, where it crosses Morro Creek at the site of a prehistoric Chumash settlement dating to the Millingstone Horizon.[10] From there, Highway 1 proceeds north to Cayucos until it again becomes a winding, two lane road with occasional passing lanes. It then continues along the coast through Cambria and San Simeon, and past the elephant seal colony at Piedras Blancas Light.

Highway 1 provides access to the Hearst Castle in San Simeon in Northern San Luis Obispo County.

Highway 1 then enters the Big Sur region, crossing the San Carpoforo Creek just south of the Monterey County line. For about 90 miles (140 km) from the San Carpoforo Creek to the Carmel River, the road winds and hugs the cliffs of Big Sur, passing various coastal parks in the area. The road briefly leaves the coast for a few miles and goes through a redwood forest in the Big Sur River valley. This segment of the highway, built between 1919 and 1937, also crosses several historic bridges, including the scenic Bixby Creek Bridge, a reinforced concrete arch with a 320-foot (98 m) span that passes over the Bixby Creek gorge, and the Rocky Creek Bridge.

Monterey Bay Area[edit]

After crossing the Carmel River, Highway 1 turns inland and runs along just outside the eastern boundary of Carmel before becoming a freeway in Monterey. After bypassing the immediate coastline of Pebble Beach and the rest of the Monterey Peninsula, the freeway heads north along the coast of Monterey Bay through Sand City, Seaside, and Marina. At the interchange with Highway 156 near Castroville, Highway 1 continues north as a two-lane rural road to Moss Landing.

Highway 1 becomes a freeway once again just before entering into Santa Cruz County. This four-lane freeway continues up the Monterey Bay coast through Watsonville to its interchange with Highway 17 in Santa Cruz (this trumpet interchange is locally known as The Fishhook due to its tight loop ramps that resemble a fishhook when viewed from above). Upon reaching downtown Santa Cruz, it continues as Mission Street and Coast Road, before regaining the Cabrillo Highway name after it leaves the city and continues north as a two lane road up the coast.

San Francisco Bay Area[edit]

Scene from SR 1 near Half Moon Bay

Entering San Mateo County, Highway 1 follows the west coast of the San Francisco Peninsula, passing by the marine mammal colonies at the Año Nuevo State Reserve, and the historic Pigeon Point Lighthouse, before reaching Half Moon Bay. Between Half Moon Bay and Pacifica, the highway bypasses a treacherous stretch known as Devil's Slide via the Tom Lantos Tunnels.

The Golden Gate Bridge, which Route 1 shares with US 101
Highway 1 winds along the Marin County coast

Highway 1 then becomes a freeway once again at Sharp Park in Pacifica before turning inland to join Interstate 280 in Daly City. Just short of reaching the City and County of San Francisco, Highway 1 splits from Interstate 280, where the road becomes Junipero Serra Boulevard. Shortly thereafter, the highway makes a slight left, becoming the six-lane wide 19th Avenue. Highway 1 then turns into Park Presidio Boulevard after it passes through the city's Golden Gate Park. Then after entering the Presidio of San Francisco, it goes through the MacArthur Tunnel before joining US 101 for a fourth time on the approach to the Golden Gate Bridge known as Doyle Drive.

After crossing the bridge and entering Marin County, Highway 1 then splits from US 101 again near Marin City, where it leaves the city and, as the Shoreline Highway, returns to a winding, two lane road as it passes over the Marin Hills to rejoin the coast at Muir Beach. After passing Stinson Beach and the Bolinas Lagoon, Highway 1 avoids the immediate coastline of Point Reyes National Seashore and the rest of the Point Reyes Peninsula, and instead heads towards, and then along, the eastern shore of Tomales Bay.

Leaving Tomales Bay, Highway 1 heads further inland to intersect with Valley Ford Road just north of the Sonoma County border. It then rejoins the coast in Bodega Bay, where its name changes to Coast Highway past the Sonoma Coast State Beaches. After bridging the Russian River at Jenner, Highway 1 continues to wind along the rugged coast to Fort Ross, Salt Point State Parks, and the planned community of Sea Ranch.

Mendocino County[edit]

Highway 1 then crosses the Gualala River and enters Mendocino County. The highway enters the city of Point Arena, in which it becomes Main Street, before following School Street to the northwest and then becoming Shoreline Highway once again. It bridges the Garcia River and then, near Elk, the Navarro River, where it meets Highway 128.

At the town of Albion, the Albion River is spanned by the Albion River Bridge, the only remaining wooden trestle bridge on the highway. Highway 1 then passes through Little River and Van Damme State Park, crosses Big River and passes through Mendocino Headlands State Park and the Victorian community of Mendocino. Continuing north, Highway 1 crosses Russian Gulch State Park on the Frederick W. Panhorst Bridge, and passes through the town of Caspar. It passes through a roundabout just south of the intersection with the western terminus of State Highway 20,[11][12] where it widens to two lanes, then bridges the Noyo River at Noyo, becomes Main Street of Fort Bragg, and crosses the California Western Railroad.

North of Fort Bragg as a two-lane highway again, Highway 1 passes MacKerricher State Park and the towns of Cleone and Inglenook before crossing Ten Mile River. After passing Westport-Union Landing State Beach, the road goes through a series of redwood-forested switchbacks before reaching Rockport. North of Rockport, the highway turns away from the Lost Coast to avoid steep and unstable highlands created by Mendocino Triple Junction uplift. The highway follows Cottaneva Creek inland through redwood-forested mountainous terrain before terminating at US 101 just outside Leggett.

History[edit]

California Highway 1 has become famous around the world, but California 1 was called several other names and numbers prior to 1964. When the road was first envisioned in the World War I era, California highways were referred to either by a highway name or by a "Route Number". The route numbers were used by state highway planners and the Legislature from 1915 until 1964, but were never posted on highways, referred to by the auto clubs or public, nor used on maps. The Highway 1 designation was first designated in 1939. Various portions of State Highway 1 have been posted and referred to by various names and numbers over the years. State construction of what became Highway 1 started after the state's third highway bond issue passed before 1910.

Segments initially constructed[edit]

Bixby Canyon Bridge under construction in 1932.
Convict labor from Folsom Prison was paid 35 cents per day to help build the roadway.

One of the most difficult routes to build was along the Big Sur coast. The state first approved building Route 56, or the Carmel-San Simeon Highway,[13] to connect Big Sur to the rest of California in 1919. Federal funds were appropriated and in 1921 voters approved additional state funds. San Quentin Prison set up three temporary prison camps to provide unskilled convict labor to help with road construction. One was set up by Little Sur River, one at Kirk Creek and a third was later established in the south at Anderson Creek. Inmates were paid 35 cents per day and had their prison sentences reduced in return. The route necessitated 33 bridges constructed, the largest of which was the Bixby Creek Bridge. Six more concrete arch bridges were built between Point Sur and Carmel.[14]

After 18 years of construction, aided by New Deal funds during the Great Depression, the paved two-lane road was completed and opened on June 17, 1937.[15] The road was initially called the Carmel-San Simeon Highway (Route 56), but was better known as the Roosevelt Highway, honoring the current President Franklin D. Roosevelt. A 1921 law extended Route 56 south over the county road to Cambria.[16]

Route 60, from Oxnard via the coast to San Juan Capistrano, was extended from Oxnard to El Rio (midway to Ventura, now the site of the Oxnard Boulevard interchange with US 101), in 1925. At Point Mugu, a path for the highway was cut through the mountains using surplus World War I explosives, thus creating Mugu Rock.[17] The 1921 legislation, in theory, made Route 60 a continuous coastal loop, with both ends at what became US 101 in Oxnard and at Capistrano Beach (since 1964 the southern terminus of Highway 1 at Interstate 5 in Orange County).[18] Route 56 was extended further south from Cambria to connect to present-day US 101 in San Luis Obispo in 1931.[19]

The route from San Simeon to Carmel (connecting with existing county highways at each end) was one of two sections designated as Highway 1. It and Route 60 were intended as links in a continuous coastal roadway from Oregon to Mexico,[20][21]

A large expansion of the state highway system in 1933 resulted in Route 56 being extended in both directions. To the south, a second section was added, beginning at Pismo Beach on US 101 (Route 2) and heading south through Guadalupe and Lompoc to rejoin US 101 at a junction called Los Cruces (sic), just north of Gaviota Pass. (A short piece near Orcutt and Los Alamos had been part of Route 2, which originally followed present Highway 135 from Los Alamos to Santa Maria.) To the north, Route 56 was continued along the coast from Carmel through Santa Cruz to San Francisco. Several discontinuous pieces were added north of San Francisco, one from Route 1 (US 101) north of the Golden Gate to the county line near Valley Ford, another from the Russian River near Jenner (where the new Route 104 ended) to Westport, and a third from Ferndale to Route 1 near Fernbridge. Except for the gaps in Route 56 north of San Francisco, these additions completed the coastal highway, with other sections formed by Routes 1, 2, and 71.[22][23]

The section of Highway 1 from Santa Monica to Oxnard, via Malibu, went out to contract in 1925 as "Coast Boulevard" but was designated "Theodore Roosevelt Highway" when it was dedicated in 1929. Before the completion of its present alignment in 1937, a narrow, winding, steep road known as Pedro Mountain Road connected Montara with Pacifica. That highway was completed in 1914 and provided competition to the Ocean Shore Railroad, which operated between San Francisco and Tunitas Creek from 1907 to 1920. Highway 1 also used to run along the coast between Pacifica and Daly City but this segment was damaged and rendered unusable after a 5.3 magnitude earthquake on March 22, 1957. A small stub remains near Thornton Beach.

Route 56 along Big Sur was incorporated into the state highway system and re-designated as Highway 1 in 1939. The section of road along the Big Sur Coast was declared the first State Scenic Highway in 1965, and in 1966 the first lady, Mrs. Lyndon B. Johnson, led the official designation ceremony at Bixby Creek Bridge.[24] The route was designated as an All American Road by the US Government.[14]

Signs first posted[edit]

A Highway 1 sign in Laguna Beach in Orange County. Before 1964, this segment of the Pacific Coast Highway was previously signed as Route 60, Route 3, and then US 101 Alternate.

California Highway 1 signs first went up after California decided to number its highways, in 1934. But only the section from Santa Barbara County north was posted as Highway 1, that section of the road known Route 56 (Las Cruces to Fernbridge, including the gaps). In Ventura, Los Angeles and Orange counties, Route 60 (San Juan Capistrano to the Oxnard area) became California Highway 3, and a few Route 3 signs were actually posted.[25] But the Route 3 signs were replaced by "U.S. Route 101 Alternate" shields and strips by 1936, as the road was built out; this change also allowed the extension of US 66 to end at another U.S. Route, in Santa Monica.[26]

The gaps of non-state highway along the northern coast were finally filled in by the Legislature in 1951, though the State Department of Public Works was not required to maintain the newly added portions immediately. A short connection from near Rockport to Highway 1 at Leggett was also included,[27] as the existing county road north from Rockport to Ferndale had not yet been paved.[28] The Leggett connection became State Route 208.[29]

The state Legislature in 1963 tossed out the old conflicting Legislative Route Numbers (1964 renumbering), got rid of some famous old U.S. routes (like U.S. 66), and renumbered many state highways. It abolished US 101A in Los Angeles, Orange and Ventura counties and renumbered it as state Highway 1. The cover of "California Highways" magazine in fall 1964 shows state engineers posting the new shield at Point Mugu.[30] The same year, the Legislature by state law named Highway 1 "Pacific Coast Highway" in Orange, Los Angeles and Ventura counties, "Cabrillo Highway" from Santa Barbara north to San Francisco, and "Shoreline Highway" from Marin County to its northern terminus. Many cities, however, did not change the name of city streets that are part of Highway 1, such as Lincoln and Sepulveda boulevards in Los Angeles, Santa Monica and El Segundo; Rice Avenue in Oxnard; and Junipero Serra and Park Presidio boulevards in San Francisco.

Modern alignments[edit]

Signs marking the northern terminus of Highway 1 near Leggett. The route was originally proposed to run further north, but these plans were abandoned to avoid the steep and unstable highlands of the Lost Coast region.

The freeway portion of Highway 1 from Highway 68 in Monterey to Munras Avenue opened in 1960. The segment from Munras Avenue to the northern border of Sand City and Seaside opened in 1968, and bypasses the original highway alignment of Munras Avenue and Fremont Street in Monterey, and Fremont Boulevard through Seaside. North of Seaside, the freeway was built over the original Highway 1 alignment through Fort Ord in 1973. North of Fort Ord, Highway 1 now veers to the left of the original alignment and bypasses Marina to the west. This segment including the interchange with Highway 156 and the short, 2-lane Castroville Bypass opened in 1976. Originally Highway 1 followed the Highway 156 alignment to the Highway 183 intersection in Castroville, then turned northwest, following the present-day Highway 183 through Castroville before rejoining its existing alignment at the northern terminus of the Castroville Bypass.

Plans to upgrade Highway 1 to a freeway from its southern terminus all the way to Oxnard, including building an offshore causeway from the Santa Monica Pier to Topanga Canyon Boulevard south of Malibu, were ultimately killed by 1971 due to local opposition.[31] In 1980, another section was added northwest of Ventura near Emma Wood State Beach, when several miles of the old two-lane alignment of US 101 were posted as Highway 1 where the freeway had bypassed it in about 1960. Then in 1988, the segment from Purisima Road in Lompoc to Highway 135 was re-routed from Harris Grade Road to the former County Route S20 so it could directly serve Vandenberg Air Force Base.

Construction to bridge the gap in the Lost Coast region between Rockport and Ferndale was eventually abandoned. The steepness and related geo-technical challenges of the coastal mountains made this stretch of coastline too costly for highway builders to establish routes through the area.[32] In 1984, Highway 1 was then re-routed to replace State Highway 208, connecting Rockport and Leggett, while the segment between Ferndale and Fernbridge was renumbered as State Highway 211.[33] Most of the coastline in the area is now part of Sinkyone Wilderness State Park and the King Range National Conservation Area.

The roadway along Devil's Slide, south of Pacifica, became the site of frequent deadly crashes and roadway-closing landslides. Beginning in 1958, Caltrans supported a plan to construct an inland bypass over Montara Mountain as an alternate route, but was eventually opposed by community and environmental groups who supported a tunnel instead. After decades of legal disputes, the Federal Highway Administration ordered Caltrans in 1995 to re-evaluate the proposed tunnel. Then on November 5, 1996, San Mateo County voters approved Measure T to change the county's official preference from the bypass to the tunnel. Ground eventually broke in 2005, and the Tom Lantos Tunnels opened in April 2013.

Highway 1 was never planned to extend south into San Diego, or north into Eureka and Crescent City, where I-5 (which replaced the US 101 designation and signage between Los Angeles and San Diego) and US 101 basically serve as the coastal highways in those areas, respectively.

As a cycling venue[edit]

For the 1932 Summer Olympics, the segment of the Highway 1 between Oxnard and Santa Monica (then known as the Theodore Roosevelt Highway) hosted part of the road cycling events.[34] Portions of Highway 1 have also hosted stages of the Tour of California.[35][36]

Maintenance[edit]

California’s coastline is constantly changing and continually presents us with challenges. Through hard work and determination, we continue to keep this scenic highway open.


— Malcolm Dougherty, director of Caltrans.[37]

Frequent California landslides and erosion along the coast have caused portions of Highway 1 to either be closed for long periods of time, or be re-routed entirely. Some of these examples include:

  • A segment right along the coast between Pacifica and Daly City in what is now Thornton Beach was damaged and rendered unusable after a 5.3 magnitude earthquake on March 22, 1957. Highway 1 was then eventually re-routed to turn inland to join Interstate 280.
  • The Piedras Blancas Realignment Project plans to re-route the road up to 475 feet further inland to avoid the expected coastal erosion from the Piedras Blancas Lighthouse to the Arroyo de la Cruz Bridge in San Luis Obispo County.[38]
  • The Devil's Slide area has been prone to major landslides. One in 1995 caused the road to be closed for five months, while another in 2006 led to a four-month closure.[39] The Tom Lantos Tunnels, named after former U.S. Congressman Tom Lantos, opened in 2013 to bypass the area.[40]
  • Major reconstruction is planned between Muir Beach and Stinson Beach, including the addition of a 523-foot-long, 20-foot-high, but mostly buried, retaining wall. This follows a four-month, $25 million reconstruction that repaired damage from a 2007 landslide.[41]
  • A March 2011 landslide in the Big Sur region forced the highway to be closed for several months.[42][43] A section south of Lucia that is also prone to frequent landslides, known as Pitkins Curve and Rain Rocks, is being rebuilt as a bridge and a covered rock shed.[44]

Other future projects[edit]

In 2014, Caltrans relinquished the portion of Highway 1 in Oxnard along Oxnard Boulevard. The PCH between Pleasant Valley Road and US 101 will then be officially moved from Oxnard Boulevard onto Rice Avenue.[45]

The Calera Parkway project proposes to widen the non-freeway segment in Pacifica between the Rockaway Beach and Vallemar districts, but faces opposition by local residents and environmentalists.[46]

Other scenes of Highway 1[edit]

Major intersections[edit]

Except where prefixed with a letter, postmiles were measured on the road as it was in 1964, based on the alignment that existed at the time, and do not necessarily reflect current mileage. R reflects a realignment in the route since then, M indicates a second realignment, L refers an overlap due to a correction or change, and T indicates postmiles classified as temporary (for a full list of prefixes, see the list of postmile definitions).[2] Segments that remain unconstructed or have been relinquished to local control may be omitted. The numbers reset at county lines; the start and end postmiles in each county are given in the county column.

County Location Postmile
[2][47][48]
Exit
[49][50]
Destinations Notes
Orange
ORA R0.13-33.72
Dana Point R0.13 Camino Las Ramblas Continuation beyond I-5
R0.13 I‑5 (San Diego Freeway) – Santa Ana, San Diego Interchange; south end of SR 1
  South end of freeway
R0.78 Coast Highway south, Doheny Park Road – Capistrano Beach
  North end of freeway / North end of state maintenance[a]
4.32 Crown Valley Parkway, Monarch Bay Drive
Dana Point-
Laguna Beach line
  South end of state maintenance[a]
Laguna Beach 9.42 SR 133 (Broadway Street) to Laguna Canyon Road
Newport Beach 13.47 Newport Coast Drive North end of state maintenance[a]
16.25 I-405 (CA).svg MacArthur Boulevard to I-405Long Beach, Los Angeles, Santa Ana Former SR 73 north; serves John Wayne Airport
17.43 Jamboree RoadBalboa Island South end of state maintenance[a]
19.80 SR 55 (Newport Boulevard) – Costa Mesa, Balboa Peninsula Interchange
Huntington Beach 22.09 Brookhurst Street – Fountain Valley
23.74 SR 39 north (Beach Boulevard)
25.89 Goldenwest Street Interchangeably spelled Golden West Street
Sunset Beach 29.89 Warner Avenue
Seal Beach 32.72 Seal Beach Boulevard – Los Alamitos
Los Angeles
LA 0.00-62.69
Long Beach 1.97 SR 22 (7th Street)
2.75 Anaheim Street, Los Altos Plaza
3.56 Lakewood Boulevard, Los Coyotes Diagonal – Downey, Bellflower Lakewood Boulevard was former US 91 north / SR 18 north / SR 19 north
6.26 Long Beach Boulevard
7.29 I‑710 (Long Beach Freeway) – Long Beach, Pasadena Interchange
8.27 SR 103 (Terminal Island Freeway) / Willow Street – Terminal Island Interchange
Los Angeles 8.43 2200-2400 East Pacific Coast Highway – Port of Los Angeles Interchange
9.25 Alameda Street (SR 47) via O Street Interchange
10.53 Avalon Boulevard
11.58 Figueroa Street Former US 6 north / SR 11 north
11.61 I‑110 (Harbor Freeway) – Los Angeles, San Pedro Interchange
12.17 Vermont Avenue
12.52 Normandie Avenue
13.10 SR 213 (Western Avenue)
Torrance 14.63 Crenshaw BoulevardRolling Hills
16.01 SR 107 north / CR N7 (Hawthorne Boulevard) – Inglewood, Palos Verdes Estates
Redondo Beach 19.52 Torrance Boulevard
Manhattan Beach 21.92 Artesia Boulevard, Gould Avenue Former western terminus of SR 91
22.90 Manhattan Beach Boulevard
Manhattan BeachEl Segundo line 23.92 Rosecrans Avenue
El Segundo 24.91 El Segundo Boulevard
Los Angeles 25.92 I‑105 east (Century Freeway) / Imperial Highway – Norwalk Interchange
26.90 Century BoulevardLAX Airport Interchange
27.36 LAX Airport (96th Street) Interchange
  Sepulveda Boulevard No left turn from SR 1 south
28.50 Westchester Parkway Interchange
29.08 Manchester AvenuePlaya del Rey Former SR 42 east
31.29 SR 90 east (Marina Freeway)
31.78 Washington Boulevard
32.17 Venice Boulevard (SR 187 east) – Culver City, Venice
Los Angeles-
Santa Monica line
  North end of state maintenance[a]
Santa Monica R34.58 I‑10 east (Santa Monica Freeway) – Los Angeles Interchange. Former western terminus of SR 2. South end of state maintenance.[a]
  South end of freeway
  North end of freeway
35.18 Ocean Avenue Interchange; southbound exit and northbound entrance; former SR 187 east
Los Angeles 39.33 Sunset Boulevard
  40.77 SR 27 north (Topanga Canyon Boulevard)
Malibu 48.17 CR N1 (Malibu Canyon Road)
54.02 CR N9 north (Kanan Dume Road) to Ventura Freeway
59.90 SR 23 north (Decker Canyon Road) – Thousand Oaks
  62.30 Mulholland Highway
Ventura
VEN 0.00-43.62[b]
    South end of freeway
  10.23 107 Las Posas Road – USN Point Mugu
  11.59 108 Wood Road – USN Point Mugu
  12.79 109 Hueneme Road
Oxnard 13.59 110 Nauman Road No entrance ramps to SR 1; no access across SR 1
R14.67 Hueneme Road Southbound exit and northbound entrance
  North end of freeway
15.06 Rice Avenue, Pleasant Valley Road Rice Avenue is the future re-route of SR 1 to US 101 to bypass Oxnard[45]
  South end of freeway
15.93 113 Channel Islands Boulevard Southbound exit is via Rose Avenue
  North end of freeway
16.21 Rose Avenue No left turns from SR 1
17.63 Saviers Road, Wooley Road Saviers Road was former SR 34 west
18.15 SR 34 east (Fifth Street)
20.14 SR 232 north (Vineyard Avenue) to US 101 south – Los Angeles
21.08
22.73[b]
US 101 south (Ventura Freeway) / Oxnard Boulevard – Los Angeles Interchange; south end of US 101 overlap
  South end of freeway on US 101
  63A Wagon Wheel Road Southbound exit only
Ventura R23.45[b] 63B Johnson Drive – Montalvo Signed as exit 63 northbound
R24.65[b] 64 Victoria Avenue – Channel Islands Harbor
25.97[b] 65 Telephone Road
26.39[b] 66A SR 126 east (Santa Paula Freeway) – Santa Paula Signed as exit 66 southbound; no southbound entrance
26.72[b] 66B Main Street (US 101 Bus. north) – Ventura No southbound exit
28.45[b] 68 Seaward Avenue
29.45[b] 69 Vista del Mar Drive, Sanjon Road Northbound exit and southbound entrance
30.15[b] 70A California Street, Ventura Avenue
30.91[b] 70B SR 33 north (Ojai Freeway) – Ojai
31.50[b] 71 Main Street (US 101 Bus. south) – Ventura Southbound exit and northbound entrance
    North end of freeway on US 101
Solimar Beach R32.70[b]
21.25
US 101 north (Ventura Freeway) Interchange; northbound exit and southbound entrance; north end of US 101 overlap
Sea Cliff 27.68
R38.98[b]
US 101 south (Ventura Freeway) – Los Angeles Interchange; south end of US 101 overlap
    South end of freeway on US 101
  R43.57[b] 83 Bates Road
Santa Barbara
SB R0.00[b]-50.61
Carpinteria R0.63[b] 84 SR 150 east – Ojai, Lake Casitas
1.61[b] 85 Bailard Avenue
2.64[b] 86A Casitas Pass Road Signed as exit 86 northbound
3.06[b] 86B Linden Avenue Southbound exit and northbound entrance
3.77[b] 87A Santa Monica Road Signed as exit 87 northbound
  87B Carpinteria Avenue Southbound exit only
  R5.28[b] 88 Padaro Lane, Santa Claus Lane
  R7.14[b] 90 Padaro Lane – Summerland
  R8.26[b] 91 Evans Avenue – Summerland
Montecito 9.00[b] 92 Sheffield Drive
  10.02[b] 93 San Ysidro Road
Santa Barbara 10.54[b] 94A Olive Mill Road, Coast Village Road No northbound entrance
  94B Hermosillo Drive Northbound exit only
11.41[b] 94C Cabrillo Boulevard, Coast Village Road Signed as exit 94B southbound, no southbound entrance
  95 Los Patos Way (unsigned) Southbound exit only
  95 Salinas Street Northbound exit and entrance
12.75[b] 96 Milpas Street Former SR 144 - northbound exit signed as exit 96A; southbound as exits 96B and 96A
13.49[b] 96 Laguna Street, Garden Street - Downtown Santa Barbara Laguna Street/Garden Street northbound exit signed as exit 96B; Garden Street southbound exit signed as exit 96C
R14.19[b] 97 Bath Street, Castillo Street (SR 225 west)  – Santa Barbara Harbor
R14.76[b] 98A Carrillo Street – Downtown Santa Barbara Signed as exit 98 southbound
  98B Arrellaga Street Northbound exit and entrance
R15.73[b] 99A Mission Street Signed as exit 99 southbound
  99B Pueblo Street Northbound exit only
16.55[b] 100 Las Positas Road
17.78[b] 101A La Cumbre Road, Hope Avenue
18.38[b] 101B SR 154 west / State Street – Cachuma Lake
    102 El Sueno Road Northbound exit and entrance
  20.06[b] 103 Turnpike Road
Goleta 21.15[b] 104A Patterson Avenue Signed as exit 104 southbound
21.41[b] 104B SR 217 west – Airport, UCSB Northbound exit and southbound entrance
22.53[b] 105 Fairview Avenue
23.72[b] 107 Los Carneros Road
24.77[b] 108 Glen Annie Road, Storke Road
26.91[b] 110 Winchester Canyon Road, Hollister Avenue
    North end of freeway on US 101
    South end of freeway on US 101
  30.06[b] 113 Dos Pueblos Canyon Road
    North end of freeway on US 101
    South end of freeway on US 101
  32.84[b] 116 El Capitan Ranch Road
  33.85[b] 117 El Capitan State Beach
  36.62[b] 120 Refugio Road – Refugio State Beach
    North end of freeway on US 101
  44.82[b] 128 Mariposa Reina Interchange
    Gaviota State Beach
  47.19[b] Gaviota Gorge Tunnel (northbound only)
    South end of freeway on US 101
    North end of freeway on US 101
Las Cruces R48.85[b]
R0.00
US 101 north – San Luis Obispo, San Francisco Interchange; north end of US 101 overlap
Lompoc 19.25 SR 246 east / 12th Street – Buellton South end of SR 246 overlap
20.57 SR 246 west (Ocean Avenue) / H Street – NASA/Vandenberg AFB South Gate, Surf North end of SR 246 overlap
23.30 Harris Grade Road, Purisima Road – Buellton
Vandenberg Village R25.07 211 Constellation Road Interchange
Vandenberg AFB M29.89 California Boulevard, Lompoc Casmalia Road – Vandenberg AFB
    San Antonio Road West – Casmalia
M33.30   San Antonio Road East – Los Alamos
  M36.19
R31.04
SR 135 south – Los Alamos Interchange; southbound left exit and northbound entrance; south end of SR 135 overlap
    South end of freeway
  R34.78 226 SR 135 north – Orcutt, Santa Maria Northbound exit and southbound entrance; north end of SR 135 overlap
    North end of freeway
  R35.53 California 135.svg Clark Avenue to SR 135 north – Orcutt
Guadalupe 49.20 SR 166 east (Main Street) – Santa Maria
San Luis Obispo
SLO 0.00-74.32
Pismo Beach L16.54
17.75[b]
US 101 south Interchange; south end of US 101 overlap
  South end of freeway on US 101
  R19.81[b] 193 Spyglass Drive, Shell Beach Road
  R21.11[b] 195 Avilla Beach Drive
  R22.29[b] 196 San Luis Bay Drive – See Canyon, Avila Beach
  R24.30[b] 198 Higuera Street
San Luis Obispo 25.91[b] 200A Los Osos Valley Road Signed as exit 200 southbound
  200B Prado Road, Elks Lane Northbound exit and entrance
27.50[b] 201 SR 227 south (Madonna Road)
28.07[b] 202A Marsh Street
28.81[b] 202B Broad Street
29.08[b] 203A Osos Street, Santa Rosa Street
  North end of freeway on US 101
29.08[b]
16.77
US 101 / Santa Rosa Street Interchange; north end of US 101 overlap
    South end of freeway
Morro Bay 27.88 277 Los Osos/Baywood Park (South Bay Boulevard)
28.82 278 Morro Bay Boulevard
29.62 279A Main Street
30.14 279B SR 41 north – Atascadero
    North end of freeway
    South end of freeway
  R34.91 284 Cayucos (13th Street) Northbound exit and southbound entrance
  R35.96 285 Cayucos Drive
    North end of freeway
  45.99 SR 46 east (Green Valley Road) – Paso Robles
Cambria 48.26
SR 1 Bus. north (Main Street) / Ardath Drive – Cambria
 
SR 1 Bus. south (Windsor Boulevard) to Moonstone Beach Drive – Cambria
San Simeon 56.39 Hearst Castle
  71.34 San Carpoforo Creek Bridge Marks southern end of the Big Sur coastline
Monterey
MON 0.00-R102.03
  18.91   Nacimiento-Fergusson Road Intersects at the southern end of Kirk Creek Bridge
  59.37 Bixby Creek Bridge
  60.05 Rocky Creek Bridge
  72.28 Carmel River Bridge Marks northern end of the Big Sur coastline
  72.92 CR G16 (Carmel Valley Road)
    South end of freeway
Monterey 75.14 399A SR 68 west – Pacific Grove, Pebble Beach South end of SR 68 overlap
R75.75 399B Munras Avenue – Monterey No northbound entrance
R76.00 399C Soledad Drive, Munras Avenue Southbound exit and northbound entrance
R77.38 401A Aguajito Road – Monterey
R78.12 401B SR 68 east – Salinas North end of SR 68 overlap
R78.18 401B North Fremont Street Northbound exit and southbound entrance
R78.45 402A Casa Verde Way
R78.88 402B Del Monte Avenue – Pacific Grove
Seaside R79.36 403 SR 218 east (Canyon del Rey Boulevard) – Seaside, Del Rey Oaks
Sand City R80.27 404 Fremont Boulevard, Del Monte Boulevard – Seaside, Sand City
  R82.89 406 Lightfighter Drive
Marina R84.48 408 Imjin Parkway
R85.14 409 Del Monte Boulevard (SR 1 Bus. north) Northbound exit and southbound entrance
R86.48 410 Reservation Road
  R88.64 412 Del Monte Boulevard (SR 1 Bus. south) – Marina
  R90.39 414A Nashua Road, Molera Road Signed as exit 414 southbound
Castroville R90.98 414B SR 156 east to US 101 – Castroville, San Jose Northbound exit and southbound left entrance
  North end of freeway
T92.21 SR 183 south (Merritt Street) to SR 156 east – Castroville, Salinas
Moss Landing 96.10 Dolan Road – Elkhorn Slough Reserve
    South end of freeway
  R101.04 423 Salinas Road Interchange. Former At-grade intersection
Santa Cruz
SCR R0.00-37.45
  R0.72 425 SR 129 east (Riverside Drive) to SR 152 east – Watsonville
Watsonville R2.27 426 Harkins Slough Road, Green Valley Road Northbound exit and southbound entrance
R2.68 426 SR 152 east (Main Street) – Watsonville, Gilroy Southbound exit and northbound entrance
R3.18 427 Airport Boulevard – Freedom Serves Watsonville Municipal Airport
  R4.07 428 Buena Vista Drive
  R6.69 431 Mar Monte Avenue – La Selva
  R7.66 432 San Andreas Road, Larkin Valley Road
  8.35 433A Freedom Boulevard
  9.15 433B Rio del Mar Boulevard – Rio del Mar, Aptos
  10.54 435 State Park Drive – Seacliff Beach, Aptos
Capitola 12.09 436 Park Avenue – Capitola, New Brighton Beach
13.19 437 Porter Street, Bay Avenue
13.62 438 41st Avenue
  14.86 439 Soquel Drive, Soquel Avenue
Santa Cruz 15.82 440 Morrissey Boulevard
16.63 441A Emeline Avenue Northbound exit only
16.82 441B SR 17 north – San Jose, Oakland Signed as exit 441 southbound
17.24 442 Ocean Street – Beaches
  North end of freeway
17.56 SR 9 north (River Street) – Boulder Creek, Big Basin, Downtown Santa Cruz
19.00 Bay Street – UC Santa Cruz
  27.62 Bonny Doon Road – Bonny Doon
San Mateo
SM 0.00-R48.56
  13.58 Pescadero Road, Pescadero State Beach
San Gregorio 18.19 SR 84 east – San Gregorio, La Honda, Redwood City
Half Moon Bay 29.04 SR 92 east – San Mateo
    Tom Lantos Tunnels
Pacifica   South end of freeway
R43.46 505A Sharp Park Road, Fairway Drive – San Bruno Signed as exit 505 southbound
R43.74 505B Clarendon Road, Oceana Boulevard Northbound exit only
R44.21 506 Paloma Avenue, Francisco Boulevard Southbound exit and northbound entrance
R45.12 507 Manor Drive, Monterey Road, Palmetto Avenue
Daly City R46.72 508 SR 35 (Skyline Boulevard) Signed as exit 508A (south) and 508B (north) southbound
R47.27 509A Serramonte Boulevard, Clarinada Avenue Signed as exit 509 southbound
R47.80
R25.28[c]
509B I‑280 south (Junipero Serra Freeway) – San Jose South end of I-280 overlap; no exit number southbound
R25.78[c] 510 Eastmoor Avenue, Mission Street Signed as exit 48 southbound
M27.17[c]
R48.05
I‑280 north – Downtown San Francisco, Bay Bridge North end of I-280 overlap; southbound exit is exit 511
  511 John Daly Boulevard – Daly City, Westlake District Signed as exit 49A northbound
City and County of San Francisco
SF R0.00-11.18[b]
  North end of freeway
R0.11 Alemany Boulevard east – Cow Palace Interchange; northbound exit and southbound entrance
R0.31 Brotherhood Way Interchange; no northbound exit to Brotherhood Way east and no southbound entrance from Brotherhood Way west
R0.68 Junipero Serra Boulevard, 19th Avenue – San Francisco State University, San Francisco Zoo No left turn from SR 1 south to Junipero Serra Boulevard north
1.90 SR 35 south (Sloat Boulevard) – San Francisco Civic Center, Beach, San Francisco Zoo No left turn from SR 1 north to Sloat Boulevard west (SR 35 south)
4.05 Lincoln Way No left turns from SR 1
  Geary BoulevardUniversity of San Francisco No left turns from SR 1
  South end of freeway
  MacArthur Tunnel
7.08
9.60[b]
US 101 south / Marina Boulevard – Downtown San Francisco South end of US 101 overlap; US 101 south was former SR 480 east; northbound exit and southbound entrance closed until 2015
9.71[b] 439 25th Avenue – View Area, Presidio, Golden Gate NRA, Fort Point
San Francisco–
Marin line
San Francisco–
Sausalito line
  Golden Gate Bridge over Golden Gate
Marin
MRN L0.00[b]-50.51
Sausalito   Vista Point Northbound exit and entrance
0.32[b] 442 Alexander Avenue – Sausalito
0.89[b] Waldo Tunnel through Waldo Grade
1.52[b] 443 Spencer Avenue, Monte Mar Drive
2.48[b] 444 Rodeo Avenue No access across US 101
3.33[b] 445A Sausalito, Marin City
  North end of freeway on US 101
4.46[b]
0.00
US 101 north – Eureka Interchange; north end of US 101 overlap
  0.65 Almonte Boulevard – Mill Valley
  12.21 Panoramic Highway – Mount Tamalpais State Park
Olema 26.51 Sir Francis Drake BoulevardSan Rafael
Point Reyes Station 29.33 Point Reyes Petaluma Road – Petaluma
  45.36 Tomales Petaluma Road – Petaluma
Sonoma
SON 0.00-58.58
  0.19 Valley Ford Road – Petaluma
  2.42 Valley Ford Freestone Road – Occidental, Monte Rio
  5.38 Bodega Highway – Bodega, Sebastopol
  20.10 SR 116 east (River Road) – Guerneville
Fort Ross R33.04 Fort Ross Road – Cazadero, Fort Ross
Mendocino
MEN 0.00-105.58
Point Arena 15.18 Riverside Drive
  40.27 SR 128 to US 101 – Cloverdale, Boonville
  43.74 Albion River Bridge
  52.64 Frederick W. Panhorst Bridge over Russian Gulch Creek
Fort Bragg 59.80 SR 20 – Willits
  90.87 Usal Road
  105.50 SR 271 – Leggett, Drive Thru Tree Road
  105.58 US 101 – Ukiah, Eureka North end of SR 1
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
  1. ^ a b c d e f The state has relinquished, and turned over various segments of the highway to local control.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs Indicates that the postmile represents the distance along US 101 rather than SR 1.
  3. ^ a b c Indicates that the postmile represents the distance along I-280 rather than SR 1.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Special Route Restrictions". Caltrans. Retrieved 2014-07-25. 
  2. ^ a b c California Department of Transportation, State Truck Route List (XLS file), accessed December 2007
  3. ^ "CA Codes (shc:250-257)". Leginfo.ca.gov. Retrieved 2011-11-29. 
  4. ^ "CA Codes (shc:260-284)". Leginfo.ca.gov. Retrieved 2011-11-29. 
  5. ^ California Department of Transportation, Officially Designated Scenic Highways, accessed 2009-09-14
  6. ^ "National Scenic Byways Program: Big Sur Coast Highway". Byways.org. Retrieved 2011-11-29. 
  7. ^ 2007 Named Freeways, Highways, Structures and Other Appurtenances in California. Caltrans. pp. 115–116. Retrieved 2007-03-28. 
  8. ^ "CA Codes (shc:305-635)". Leginfo.ca.gov. Retrieved 2013-10-16. 
  9. ^ Miller, Heather (June 1999). "The Ups and Downs of Highway 1". Smithsonian magazine. Retrieved July 2, 2013. 
  10. ^ Hogan, C.Michael (2008-02-25). "Morro Creek - Ancient Village or Settlement in United States in The West". The Megalithic Portal. Retrieved 2011-07-04. 
  11. ^ "Fort Bragg’s $4.4 million roundabout". Santa Rosa Press-Democrat. May 18, 2011. 
  12. ^ Caltrans: Simpson Lane Intersection[dead link], retrieved 2011-07-07.
  13. ^ Newland, Renee. "Bixby Creek Bridge". Monterey County Historical Society. Retrieved 13 November 2011. 
  14. ^ a b "The Building of Highway One". Historical Moments. Cambria Historical Society. Retrieved 16 December 2011. 
  15. ^ Glockner, Joseph A. (June 1, 2008). "Naval Facility (NAVFAC) Station History". The Navy CT / SECGRU History. 
  16. ^ California State Legislature (1921). "An act declaring the county road extending from San Simeon to Cambria to be a state highway and providing for the maintenance thereof". Sessions of the California Legislature. State of California. 1921 chapter 837, p. 1606. 
  17. ^ Jupiter Entertainment (2004). "Pacific Coast Highway". Modern Marvels. The History Channel.
  18. ^ California State Legislature (1925). "An act...to construct and maintain...a state highway, extending from the town of Oxnard to a point...at or near the town of El Rio, Ventura county". Sessions of the California Legislature. State of California. 1925 chapter 309, p. 508. 
  19. ^ California State Legislature (1931). "An act establishing certain additional state highways and classifying them as secondary highways". Sessions of the California Legislature. State of California. 1931 chapter 82, p. 103. 
  20. ^ Ben Blow, California Highways: A Descriptive Record of Road Development by the State and by Such Counties as Have Paved Highways, 1920 (Archive.org or Google Books), pp. 182, 232-233, 249
  21. ^ Howe & Peters, Engineers' Report to California State Automobile Association Covering the Work of the California Highway Commission for the Period 1911-1920, pp. 11-16
  22. ^ California State Legislature (1933). "An act...relating to...the addition of certain highways to the State system". Sessions of the California Legislature. State of California. 1933 chapter 767, p. 2034-2039. : "Ferndale to State Highway Route 1 near Fernbridge." "Russian River near Jenner to Westport." "State Highway near southerly end of Marin Peninsula to the Marin-Sonoma County line via the Coast Route." "Santa Cruz to San Francisco via Coast." "State Highway Route 56 near Carmel to Santa Cruz." "State Highway Route 2 near Las Cruces via Lompoc and Guadalupe to State Highway Route 2 near Pismo."
  23. ^ California State Legislature (1935). "An act to establish a Streets and Highways Code...". Sessions of the California Legislature. State of California. 1935 chapter 29, p. 279. : "Route 56 is from: (a) Route 2 near Los [sic] Cruces via Lompoc and Guadalupe to Route 2 near Pismo. (b) San Luis Obispo to San Francisco along the coast via Cambria, San Simeon, Carmel, and Santa Cruz. (c) State Highway near southerly end of Marin Peninsula to the Marin-Sonoma County line via the Coast Route. (d) Russian River near Jenner to Westport. (e) Ferndale to Route 1 near Fernbridge." "Route 60 is from Route 2 near El Rio via Oxnard to Route 2 south of San Juan Capistrano."
  24. ^ Pavlik, Robert C. (November 1996). "Historical Overview of the Carmel to San Simeon Highway". Historic Resource Evaluation Report on the Rock Retaining Walls, Parapets, Culvert Headwalls and Drinking Fountains along the Carmel to San Simeon Highway. California Department of Transportation. Retrieved 17 December 2011. 
  25. ^ California Highways and Public Works, State Routes will be Numbered and Marked with Distinctive Bear Signs, August 1934
  26. ^ Automobile Club of Southern California, Automobile route along the Pacific coast from Seal Beach to Santa Monica, 1936
  27. ^ California State Legislature (1951). "An act to amend Section 356 of the Streets and Highways Code, relating to state highways". Sessions of the California Legislature. State of California. 1951 chapter 1588, p. 3585. 
  28. ^ H.M. Gousha Company, Highway Map of California[dead link], 1955
  29. ^ California State Legislature (1963). "An act...relating to routes on the state highway system". Sessions of the California Legislature. State of California. 1963 chapter 385, p. 1171, 1186. 
  30. ^ California Highways magazine, Sept. 1964
  31. ^ Masters, Nathan (2012-05-02). "From Roosevelt Highway to the 1: A Brief History of Pacific Coast Highway". KCET. Retrieved 2013-11-17. 
  32. ^ "King Range National Conservation Area". Bureau of Land Management. Retrieved 2012-06-25. 
  33. ^ California State Legislature (1984). "An act...relating to state highways". Sessions of the California Legislature. State of California. 1984 chapter 409, p. 1769, 1774. 
  34. ^ 1932 Summer Olympics official report. p. 87.
  35. ^ "2013 Amgen Tour of California to include San Francisco to Santa Rosa stage". Santa Rosa Press Democrat. November 27, 2012. Retrieved June 3, 2013. 
  36. ^ "South County gearing up for Amgen Tour cycling race". Five Cities Times Press Recorder. May 10, 2013. Retrieved June 3, 2013. 
  37. ^ Pogash, Carol (March 24, 2013). "New Efforts to Make a Scenic California Highway Less Perilous". New York Times. Retrieved March 25, 2013. 
  38. ^ "CalTrans5: Piedras Blancas Realignment Project". Dot.ca.gov. Retrieved 2011-11-29. 
  39. ^ Cabanatuan, Michael (2010-06-19). "Major progress on Devil's Slide tunnel". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2011-08-14. 
  40. ^ Mendoza, Martha (24 February 2013). "Cutting Edge Calif. Tunnels Poised to Open". Associated Press (ABC News). Retrieved 25 February 2013. 
  41. ^ Johnson, Nate (2010-05-31). "Highway 1 repair plan near Stinson outlined". Oakland Tribune. Retrieved 2011-08-14. 
  42. ^ "Highway 1 To Be Closed At Least 1 Month". KSBW. 2011-03-18. Retrieved 2011-08-14. [dead link]
  43. ^ "Landslide shuts famed Californian Highway 1 as big chunk falls into the sea". Daily Mail. 2011-03-18. Retrieved 2011-08-14. 
  44. ^ "CalTrans5: Pitkins Curve & Rain Rocks". Dot.ca.gov. Retrieved 2012-08-12. 
  45. ^ a b Wenner, Gretchen (2012-11-26). "Oxnard set to gain control of Oxnard Boulevard". Ventura County Star. Retrieved 2013-02-24. 
  46. ^ Kinney, Aaron (February 15, 2014). "Pacifica residents rally against Caltrans' plan to widen Highway 1". San Mateo County Times (San Jose Mercury News). 
  47. ^ California Department of Transportation, Log of Bridges on State Highways, July 2007
  48. ^ California Department of Transportation, All Traffic Volumes on CSHS, 2005 and 2006
  49. ^ California Department of Transportation, California Numbered Exit Uniform System, State Route 1 Freeway Interchanges, Retrieved on 2009-02-05.
  50. ^ California Department of Transportation, California Numbered Exit Uniform System, U.S. Route 101 Freeway Interchanges, Retrieved on 2009-02-05.

External links[edit]