SR Class 4Lav

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Southern Railway 4-LAV
4-lav emu.jpg
4-LAV unit approaching Coulsdon North c.1968
In service 1932–1969
Manufacturer Southern Railway
Built at Eastleigh Works
Constructed 1930–1932 (33),
1939–1940 (2)
Number built 35
Number in service 0
Number preserved 0
Number scrapped 35
Formation Power car + 2 trailer cars + power car
Fleet numbers Sets 1921–1953, later 2921–2955
Capacity 70 first class,
204 third class
Operator Southern Railway and
British Railways
Line(s) served London Victoria to Brighton and Worthing
Specifications
Car body construction Steel panelled, wooden body, on steel underframe
Train length 257 ft 2 12 in (78.40 m)
Weight 139 long tons (141 t)
Traction system Four 275 hp (205 kW) traction motors
Power output 1,100 hp (820 kW)
Electric system(s) 750 V DC
Current collection method Third rail
UIC classification Bo′2′+2′2′+2′2′+2′B′
Braking system(s) Automatic air
Coupling system Screw-link
Multiple working Standard SR
Track gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)

The Southern Railway (SR) gave the designation 4-LAV to the electric multiple units built to work the semi-fast services on the route between London and Brighton. None of these units survived long enough in British Rail ownership to be allocated a TOPS class.

Construction[edit]

The original series of 4-LAV (4-car Lavatory stock) units, (numbers 1921–1953), were built at Eastleigh carriage works during 1931 and 1932 for use on the newly electrified London to Brighton line. They were fitted with four Metropolitan-Vickers 275 h.p. traction motors. Despite the prominence given to the lavatory provision in the SR designation, there was actually only one lavatory in the whole four-car unit, and due to the lack of corridors in the unit, only passengers in that coach had access to it. The units were renumbered 2921–2953 in the January/February 1937 renumbering of SR EMUs.

Two further units, (numbers 2954 and 2955) were added to stock in 1940, under the direction of Oliver Bulleid. These were fitted with English Electric 275 h.p. traction motors.[1]

The DMBT (Driving Motor Brake Third) had a full-width cab with a guard's compartment behind, and seven third class compartments seating 70. The TC (Trailer Composite) had five first-class and four third-class compartments seating 40 in each class. The TCL (Trailer Composite with Lavatory) had five first-class and three third-class compartments seating 30 and 24, respectively, with a toilet at each end.

One unit, number 2926, was fitted with one 2-HAL type motor coach.[2]

Use[edit]

Throughout their careers they operated the slower services on the London to Brighton line between either London Bridge or Victoria and Brighton railway station. They were also used on stopping trains on the Arun Valley Line and on the Sussex coast lines to the east and west of Brighton.

Formations[edit]

Initial formations of these units were as follows (cars not always formed in numerical order):

Unit Numbers DMBT TCL TC DMBT
1921–1953 / 2921–2953 10501–10565 (odds) 12001–12033 11501–11533 10502–10566 (evens)
2954–2955 10497–10499 11999–12000 11534–11535 10498–10500

Withdrawal[edit]

The majority of the 4-LAV units were withdrawn from ordinary passenger service in 1968, with the final few going in April 1969, being replaced on their duties by new 4-VEP sets. Almost all the units were scrapped, but some of the 1940-built cars survived in departmental (non-revenue earning) use for several more years. However, no 4-LAV stock exists today.

References[edit]

  1. ^ The ABC of British Railway Locomotives: Combined Volume, Sixth Edition, Winter 1961/2, Ian Allan Ltd., 1961. p.251.
  2. ^ ABC, 1961 p.251
  • Marsden, Colin J. (1983). Southern Electric Multiple-Units 1898–1948. Shepperton, Surrey: Ian Allan Limited. pp. 24–27. ISBN 0-7110-1253-9.