SS-Hauptamt

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SS-HA
SS-Hauptamt
SS Hauptamt.svg
Vehicle flag of the SS-Hauptamt
Flag Schutzstaffel.svg
The SS-Hauptamt was the administrative office of the SS until 1940
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-S73321, Gottlob Berger.jpg
SS-Obergruppenführer Gottlob Berger commander of the SS-Hauptamt (1939-45)
Agency overview
Formed 1935
Preceding agencies SS Amt.svg SS-Amt
SS Oberabschnitt.svg SS-Oberführerbereichen
Dissolved May 8, 1945
Jurisdiction Germany Germany
Occupied Europe
Headquarters SS-Hauptamt, Prinz-Albrecht-Straße, Berlin
52°30′26″N 13°22′57″E / 52.50722°N 13.38250°E / 52.50722; 13.38250
Minister responsible Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler, (1935-1945)
Agency executives SS-Gruppenführer Kurt Wittje, Chef fur SS-Amt (1934 -1935)
SS-Obergruppenführer August Heissmeyer, Chef fur SS-Hauptamt, (1935-1939)
SS-Obergruppenführer Gottlob Berger, Chef fur SS-Hauptamt, (1939-1945)
Parent agency Flag Schutzstaffel.svg SS
Child agencies Allgemeine-SS until c.1940
SS-Verfügungstruppe until c.1940
SS-Totenkopfverbände until c.1940

The SS-Hauptamt (English: SS Head Office) (SS-HA) was the central command office of the Schutzstaffel (SS) in Nazi Germany until 1940.

Formation[edit]

The office can trace its origins to 1931 when the SS created the SS-Amt to serve as an SS Headquarters staff overseeing the various units of the Allgemeine SS (General SS). In 1933, after the NSDAP came to power, the SS-Amt was renamed the SS-Oberführerbereichen and placed in command of all SS units within Nazi Germany.

This agency then became the SS-HA on January 30, 1935. The organization oversaw the Allgemeine-SS, concentration camps, the SS-Verfügungstruppe (English: Special-purpose troops), and the Grenzschutz (English: Border Control regiments).[1]

During the late 1930s, the power of the SS-HA continued to grow becoming the largest and most powerful office of the SS, managing nearly all aspects of the paramilitary organization. Shortly after the outbreak of World War II in Europe, the SS-Verfügungstruppe expanded rapidly becoming the Waffen-SS in 1940. By this time, the office of the SS-Hauptamt could no longer administer the entire SS organization. As a result, the SS-HA was downsized losing much of its pre-war power to the SS Führungshauptamt (English: SS Leading Main Office) and the main offices of the Allgemeine SS.

Organization[edit]

In 1940 the SS-Hauptamt remained responsible for SS administrative in matters such as manpower allocation, supplies, personnel transfers, and promotions. The SS-HA had 11 departments (German: Ämter or Amtsgruppe):[2]

  • Amt Zentralamt (English: Central office)
  • Amt Leitender Ärzt beim Chef SS-HA (English: Chief Medical Officer)
  • Amt Verwaltung (English: Administration)
  • Amt Ergänzungsamt der Waffen-SS (English: Waffen-SS Reinforcements)
  • Amt Erfassungsamt (English: Requisitioning)
  • Amt für Weltanschauliche Erziehung (English: Ideological Training)
  • Amt für Leibeserziehhung (English: Physical Training)
  • Amt für Berufserziehung (English: Trade Training)
  • Amt Germanische Leitstelle (English: Germanic Control)
  • Amt Germanische Ergänzung (English: Germanic Recruitment)
  • Amt Germanische Erziehung (English: Germanic Education)

The SS-HA was technically subordinate to the Persönlicher Stab Reichsführer-SS (English: Personal Staff of the SS Reich Leader), but in reality it maintained autonomy.

Post-war[edit]

Gottlob Berger, the former chief of the SS Main Office, in the dock at the Nuremberg Trials in 1949. He was sentenced to 25 years imprisonment for crimes against humanity but was released in 1951.

After the close of World War II, members of the SS-Hauptamt were tried as war criminals because they had maintained, for other branches of the SS, the "paper trail" for such activities as the Einsatzgruppen, Final Solution and the commission of the Holocaust.

The files of the SS-Hauptamt can today be found (via microfiche) with National Archives and Records Administration at College Park, Maryland. The original documentation is kept in Germany, under the authority of the Bundesarchiv in Berlin.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Yerger, p 13
  2. ^ Yerger, p 14-15

Bibliography[edit]

Mark C Yerger (1997). Allgemeine-SS. Atglen, PA: Schiffer Publishing Ltd. ISBN 0-7643-0145-4. 

External links[edit]