SS Adolph Woermann

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Ss adolph woermann seitenriß1.jpg
SS Adolph Woermann
Career
Name: Adolph Woermann
Port of registry: Weimar Republic Hamburg (1922-35)
Nazi Germany Hamburg (1935-39)
Route: for WL (Woermann Linie) and DOAL (German East Africa Line): Hamburg — Africa
Builder: Blohm + Voss
Yard number: 395
Launched: 1922
Maiden voyage: 15 November 1922
Out of service: 22 November 1939
Fate: scuttled
General characteristics
Class & type: ocean liner
Tonnage: 8576 BRT
Displacement: 4,944 NRT
Length: 138.8 metres (455 ft)
Beam: 17.7 metres (58 ft)
Installed power: 1 Blohm + Voss steam turbine, 3300 PSw
Speed: 12 knots (22 km/h; 14 mph)
Capacity:

Passengers:

  • 1st class 100
  • 2nd class 57
  • 3rd class 134

SS Adolph Woermann was a German ocean liner built in 1922 by Blohm + Voss in Hamburg, for the shipping lines Woermann-Linie (WL) and German East Africa Line (Deutsche Ostafrika Linie, DOAL) and named after German merchant, ship owner and politician Adolph Woermann.

Second World War[edit]

At the outbreak of World War II on the homebound trip Adolph Woermann lay at Lobito in Portuguese Angola and was detained by the Portuguese authorities. On 16 November 1939 she left Lobito disguised as the Portuguese ship SS Nyassa to try to reach South America.

Otto Burfeind
Arandora Star - Daily Express, London, 1960

The British passenger liner MV Waimarama traced Adolph Woermann and alerted the Royal Navy light cruiser HMS Neptune. When Neptune approached on 22 November, Adolph Woermann's Master, Otto Burfeind, evacuated his ship and scuttled her according to standing orders.

Crew and passengers were rescued in a friendly manner by the Neptune's crew. It is reported that one Neptune crew member was injured in trying to save the liner by going onboard to close the seacocks. Passengers and crew of Adolph Woermann were taken to England and interned at Seaton, Devon.

In 1940 most of the internees from Seaton, including Capt. Burfeind and his crew, were put aboard SS Arandora Star to be transferred to Canada. On 2 July 1940 the German submarine U-47 torpedoed Arandora Star. Burfeind remained aboard, helping to organise Arandora Star's evacuation, until she sank and he was lost.

References[edit]

  • Kludas, Arnold (1975). Schiffe der deutschen Afrika Linien 1880–1945. Hamburg: Stalling-Verlag. 
  • Rothe, Claus (1987). Deutsche Ozean-Passagierschiffe 1919 bis 1985. Moers: Steiger Verlag.