SS Alexander Macomb
|Name:||SS Alexander Macomb|
|Builder:||Bethlehem-Fairfield Shipyard, Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation, Baltimore, Maryland|
|Laid down:||18 February 1942|
|Launched:||6 May 1942|
|In service:||2 June 1942|
|Fate:||Damaged by a torpedoed and scuttled, 3 July 1942|
|Displacement:||14,245 long tons (14,474 t)|
|Length:||441 ft 6 in (134.57 m)|
|Beam:||56 ft 11 in (17.35 m)|
|Draft:||27 ft 9 in (8.46 m)|
|Propulsion:||2 × oil-fired boilers
Triple expansion steam engine
2,500 hp (1,864 kW)
|Speed:||11.5 knots (21.3 km/h; 13.2 mph)|
|Range:||23,000 mi (37,000 km)|
|Capacity:||10,856 tonnes deadweight (DWT)|
|Crew:||41 crew, 25 Armed Guards|
|Armament:||• 1 × 4 in (100 mm) gun
• 1 × 3 in (76 mm) gun
• 4 × 20 mm guns
• 2 × .30 cal. machine guns
SS Alexander Macomb was a Liberty ship of the United States Merchant Marine during World War II. Construction began on Hull 2023 on 18 February 1942 at the Bethlehem-Fairfield Shipyard of the Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation in Baltimore, Maryland, under Maritime Commission contract 0036. See, List of Liberty ships: M-R. The ship was launched on 6 May, and her sea trials were completed on 2 June. She was named for Alexander Macomb, an American General known chiefly for his leadership at the Battle of Plattsburgh in the War of 1812.
Her first Captain was Carl Froisland, a sailor with long experience of the Atlantic. She steamed to New York and there loaded her cargo of Sherman tanks, P-38 aircraft and explosives for the Soviet Union, and then joined convoy BX 27 to Halifax. On this maiden voyage across the Atlantic, she had 41 crew and 25 U.S. Navy gunners on board.
Two hundred miles east of Orleans Massachusetts, she was torpedoed and sunk by the German submarine U-215. Ten of the crew were lost. HMS Le Tigre and HMS Veteran pursued U-215 and succeeded in sinking it with depth charges. HMCS Regina (K234), a Canadian corvette that was not part of the convoy, assisted in the rescue of the crew of Alexander Macomb and picked up twenty-five survivors, while others in the convoy rescued the remainder.
The wreck of the Alexander Macomb was rediscovered in October 1964 by the Risdon Beazley company salvage ship Droxford at position Coordinates: . The bulk of the metal cargo was removed in 1965 by the same ship. It is considered to be "dangerous to dive."
The wreck of U-215 was discovered by Canadian divers and marine archaeologists in July 2004.
- Davies, 2004, page 23.
- "Alexander Macomb (Steam merchant) - Ships hit by U-boats - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-12-14.
- Liberty Ships built by the United States Maritime Commission.
- "Bethlehem Fairfield". shipbuildinghistory.com. Retrieved 2009-12-14.
- Hague, Arnold. "BX Convoy Series". Arnold Hage Convoy Database. Retrieved 23 June 2013.
- "SS Alexander Macomb wreck, 1942". www.wrecksite.eu. Retrieved 2009-12-14.
- "CBC News - Canada - First-ever U-boat found off Canadian coast". cbc.ca. 13 July 2004. Retrieved 2009-12-14.
- Davies, James (2004). "Liberty Cargo Ship" (PDF). ww2ships.com. p. 23. Retrieved 2008-03-25.