SS Cameronia (1911)
|Builder:||D. and W. Henderson and Company, Glasgow|
|Launched:||27 May 1911|
|Maiden voyage:||27 May 1911|
|Fate:||Sunk by German U-boat U-33 on 15 April 1917|
|Length:||515 ft (157 m) (pp)|
|Beam:||62 ft 4 in (19.00 m)|
triple-expansion steam engine
|Speed:||16 knots (30 km/h) (service)
19 knots (35 km/h) (max)
|Capacity:||1,700 passenger (1911)
1,468 passengers (1915)
The SS Cameronia was a twin propeller triple-expansion 15,600 IHP passenger steamship. She was owned by the Glasgow-based Anchor Line and built by D. and W. Henderson and Company at Glasgow in 1911. The ship provided a transatlantic service from Glasgow to various destinations.
The Cameronia sailed on her maiden voyage for the Anchor Line company on 13 September 1911 on the Glasgow - Mowville - New York route. In February 1915, the Cameronia was employed in a joint Anchor-Cunard company service on the Glasgow - Liverpool - New York route.
On June 21, 1915 while inbound in the mouth of the Mersey the Cameronia was attacked by a U-Boat. Captain Kinnaird turned to ram the U-Boat which was forced to dive and then broke off her attack.
The Cameronia was torpedoed on 15 April 1917 by a German U-boat, U-33, while en route from Marseille, France to Alexandria, Egypt. She was serving as a troopship at the time and contained approximately 2,650 soldiers on board. The ship sank in 40 minutes, 150 miles east of Malta; taking 210 lives. Other sources report only 140 casualties. Most of the crew and embarked soldiers were picked up by the escorting destroyers HMS Nemesis and HMS Rifleman the remainder of the survivors had sufficient time to take to lifeboats.
- "Cameronia (1129599)". Miramar Ship Index. http://www.miramarshipindex.org.nz. Retrieved 3 July 2009. (subscription required)
- New York Times, 22nd June 1915
- (SS Cameronia: The Lusitania Resource
- (British Admiralty announcement reported in the New York Times, May 19th, 1917
- Merchantman at Arms, David W Bone - 2nd Edition, 1936, Chatto and Windus, Chap XII