SS Empire Bunting

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Career
Name: Eelbeck (1919-41)
Empire Bunting (1941-47)
Owner: United States Shipping Board (1919-37)
United States Maritime Commission (1937-41)
Ministry of War Transport (1941-44)
Admiralty (1944)
Operator: United States Shipping Board (1919-37)
United States Maritime Commission (1937-41)
Headlam & Son (1941-44)
J & J Denholm Ltd (1944)
Port of registry: United States Seattle (1919-41)
United Kingdom London (1941-44)
Builder: Skinner & Eddy Corporation, Seattle, Washington
Yard number: 57
Launched: 28 June 1919
Completed: August 1919
Identification: United States Official Number 218667 (1919-41)
United Kingdom Official Number 168163 (1941-44)
Code Letters LSGC (1919-34)
ICS Lima.svgICS Sierra.svgICS Golf.svgICS Charlie.svg
Code Letters KINQ (1934-41)
ICS Kilo.svgICS India.svgICS November.svgICS Quebec.svg
Code Letters GNKN (1941-44)
ICS Golf.svgICS November.svgICS Kilo.svgICS November.svg
Fate: Sunk as a blockship on 9 June 1944
Re-floated and scrapped in 1947
General characteristics
Tonnage: 6,318 GRT
Length: 401 ft 7 in (122.40 m)
Beam: 54 ft 8 in (16.66 m)
Depth: 32 ft 5 in (9.88 m)
Speed: 11.5 knots (21.3 km/h)
SS Empire Bunting is located in France
SS Empire Bunting
Location of the sinking of Empire Bunting.

SS Empire Bunting was a 6,318 ton cargo ship which was built in 1919. She saw service in the interwar period under the American flag, but was transferred to the British Ministry of War Transport during the Second World War. She made a number of cross-Atlantic voyages, often sailing in convoys. She ended her career by being sunk as a blockship on the Normandy coast, supporting the allied landings there in 1944.

Description[edit]

Empire Bunting was built as Eelbeck by the shipbuilding firm of Skinner & Eddy Corporation, Seattle, Washington, and launched on 28 June 1919 and completed in August 1919 for service with United States Shipping Board (USSB).[1] She was 401 feet 7 inches (122.40 m) long, with a beam of 54 feet 8 inches (16.66 m) and a depth of 32 feet 5 inches (9.88 m). She was propelled by a triple expansion steam engine which had cylinders of 24 12 inches (62 cm), 41 12 inches (105 cm) and 72 inches (180 cm) bore by 48 inches (120 cm) stroke. The engine was built by Hooven, Owens & Rentschler, Hamilton, Ohio.[2] The ship had a speed of 11.5 knots (21.3 km/h).[1]

Career[edit]

Eelbeck's port of registry was Seattle.[2] She sailed for the USSB until the board's abolition, and by 1937 was sailing for its successor organisation, the United States Maritime Commission.[3] Eelbeck continued to sail under the American flag after the outbreak of the Second World War, during the period of American neutrality. In 1941, with the American entry to the war, Eelbeck was transferred to the ownership of the Ministry of War Transport, which assigned her to be operated by the firm of Headlam & Sons, under the name of Empire Bunting.[3] Her port of registry was changed to London.[4]

Empire Bunting went on to sail in a considerable number of convoys across the North Atlantic, often carrying scrap steel or general cargo to Britain from Canada or the United States.[5]

SC 38

Convoy SC 38 depatred Sydney, Nova Scotia on 22 July 1941 and arrived at Liverpool on 8 August. Empire Bunting was carrying a cargo of scrap steel. She was forced to return to St John's aftee she collided with the Greek merchant ship Dimitrios Chandris.[6]

SC 121

Convoy SC 121 departed New York on 23 February 1943 and arrived at Liverpool on 14 March.[7] Empire Bunting was one of three ships which joined the convoy from St. John's, Newfoundland.[7][8] She was carrying a general cargo bound for the Clyde.[7] On 11 March, her steering failed and she arrived at Liverpool under tow.[8]

HX 254

Convoy HX 254 departed New York on 27 August 1943 and arrived at Liverpool on 12 September. Empire Bunting was carrying a general cargo bound for Glasgow. She put into St John's with an engine defect which was causing her to produce heavy smoke and run at reduced speed.[9]

In early 1944 she was reassigned to be operated by J & J. Denholm Ltd, but in February she was purchased by the Admiralty.[10] She made her last wartime voyage as part of one of the Corn cob convoys, sailing from Poole to the Seine Bay in early June 1944.[11] She was scuttled at Juno Beach on 9 June 1944, forming one of the corn cobs designed to shelter the landing beaches for the invasion forces.[10]

Empire Bunting was salvaged in 1947, towed to Strangford Lough and broken up there.[3]

Official Numbers and Code Letters[edit]

Official Numbers were a forerunner to IMO Numbers. Eelbeck had the United States Official Number 218667.[2] Empire Bunting had the UK Official Number 168163.[4]

Eelbeck used the Code Letters LSGC until 1934,[2] when they were changed to KINQ.[12] Empire Bunting used the Code Letters GMKM.[4]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "2218667". Miramar Ship Index. http://www.miramarshipindex.org.nz. Retrieved 18 February 2009. (subscription required)
  2. ^ a b c d "LLOYD'S REGISTER, NAVIRES A VAPEUR ET A MOTEURS". Plimsoll Ship Data. Retrieved 30 December 2009. 
  3. ^ a b c "EMPIRE - B". mariners-l.co.uk. Retrieved 18 February 2009. 
  4. ^ a b c "LLOYD'S REGISTER, NAVIRES A VAPEUR ET A MOTEURS". Plimsoll Ship Data. Retrieved 30 December 2009. 
  5. ^ "Ship search". Convoyweb. Retrieved 6 January 2009.  (Enter search term 'Empire Bunting')
  6. ^ "Convoy SC 38". Convoyweb. Retrieved 18 February 2009. 
  7. ^ a b c "CONVOY SC 121". Warsailors. Retrieved 30 December 2009. 
  8. ^ a b "Convoy SC 121". Convoyweb. Retrieved 18 February 2009. 
  9. ^ "CONVOY HX 254". Warsailors. Retrieved 30 December 2009. 
  10. ^ a b Colledge. Ships of the Royal Navy, Vol. 2. p. 119. 
  11. ^ "Convoy Corncob 1". Convoyweb. Retrieved 18 February 2009. 
  12. ^ "LLOYD'S REGISTER, STEAMERS AND MOTORSHIPS". Plimsoll Ship Data. Retrieved 30 December 2009. 

References[edit]