SS Gaelic (1872)

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For other ships of the same name, see SS Gaelic.
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Name: SS Gaelic
Owner: White Star Line
Port of registry: Liverpool
Route: Liverpool - Valparaiso (1873)
Liverpool-New York (1873-1874, 1875)
London-New York (1874)
San Francisco-Yokohama-Hong Kong (1875-1883)[1]
Builder:

Harland and Wolff, Belfast

engines by J. Jack Rollo & Co, Liverpool
Yard number: 80
Launched: 21 September 1872
Completed: 7 January 1873
Acquired: 7 January 1873
Maiden voyage: 29 January 1873
Out of service: Sold to the Cia. de Navigacion la Flecha of Bilbao in 1883
Career (Spain) Flag of Spain (1785-1873 and 1875-1931).svg
Name: SS Hugo
Owner: Cia. de Navigacion la Flecha of Bilbao
Acquired: 1883
Out of service: 24 September 1896
Fate: Ran aground on Terschelling Island on 24 September 1896; broken up at Amsterdam, Netherlands, 9 December 1896
General characteristics
Class & type: Cargo/passenger freighter
Tonnage: 2,658 gross tons
Length: 370 ft (110 m)
Beam: 36 ft (11 m)
Installed power: Sail
Compound-expansion steam reciprocating engine, producing 1,800 ihp
Propulsion: single screw
Sail plan: four masts (rigged for sail)
Speed: 12 kn (22 km/h; 14 mph)
Capacity: 40 1st-class
Notes: iron construction, single funnel

SS Gaelic was a steamship of the White Star Line, built by shipbuilders Harland and Wolff of Belfast.

The Gaelic (later the Hugo), was originally one of a pair of ships built by Harland and Wolff for the J.J. Bibby Company of Liverpool. Along with her sister ship, which was renamed SS Belgic, she was bought while still building by White Star for their South American routes. She was launched on 21 September 1872. Completed on 7 January 1873, she made her maiden voyage from Liverpool to Valparaiso on 29 January. However, White Star decided to abandon this route shortly after, and she was transferred to the Liverpool-New York run, making her first voyage on 10 July 1873. Gaelic made eight round voyages on this route.

On 15 January 1874, while making an eastbound crossing, she came to the assistance of the larger White Star ship SS Celtic when the latter vessel lost her propeller blades after striking wreckage in the Irish Sea. She towed the Celtic into Queenstown. From 3 June to 2 November 1874, she made four round voyages on the London-New York run, resuming her original run on 24 December of that year. On this occasion, she made two round voyages.

After the Britannic and Germanic entered service in 1874 and 1875, the new, faster and larger vessels made all previous White Star ships redundant, including Gaelic. On 29 May 1875, Gaelic, along with her sister ship Belgic and the company's first vessel Oceanic, was chartered to the Occidental and Oriental Steamship Company for their Pacific routes. She was put on the San Francisco-Yokohama-Hong Kong run and was caught in a gale on 20 November, which damaged the after part of her wheelhouse and blew away her trysail. On 11 May 1883, while steaming from San Francisco to Hong Kong, Gaelic put into the Chinese port of Hankow after losing her propeller shaft; she was likely forced to complete her voyage under sail.

She was sold later that year for £30,000, along with Belgic, to the Cia. de Navigacion la Flecha of Bilbao and renamed SS Hugo. After running aground on Terschelling Island in the Netherlands on 24 September 1896, she was declared a total loss. After refloating, she was auctioned for scrap on 9 December 1896 and towed to Amsterdam, where she was broken up. [2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ While under charter to the Occidental and Oriental Steamship Co.
  2. ^ "SS Gaelic," de Kerbrech, Richard (2009). Ships of the White Star Line. Surrey, UK: Ian Allen Publishing. p. 24. ISBN 978-0-7110-3366-5