SS Irish Pine (1919)

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Career
Name: West Hematite (1919-41)
Irish Pine (1941-42)
Owner: United States Maritime Commission (1919- )
United States Shipping Board (1933-43)
Operator: Cosmo Shipping Co (1919-21)
United States Maritime Commission (1921- )
United States Shipping Board (1933--41)
Irish Shipping Ltd (1941-42)
Port of registry: United States Seattle (1919-41)
Republic of Ireland Dublin (1941-42)
Route: Bordeaux - Rotterdam - Le Havre - New York (1919-21)
Builder: J F Duthie, Seattle, Washington
Yard number: 23
Launched: 26 April 1919
Completed: June 1919
Out of service: 16 November 1942
Identification: United States Official Number 218111 (1919-41)
United Kingdom Official Number 159843 (1941-42)
Code Letters LRGF (1930-33)
ICS Lima.svgICS Romeo.svgICS Golf.svgICS Foxtrot.svg
Code Letters KLCS (1934-41)
ICS Kilo.svgICS Lima.svgICS Charlie.svgICS Sierra.svg
Code Letters EINQ (1941-42)
ICS Echo.svgICS India.svgICS November.svgICS Quebec.svg
Fate: Torpedoed and sunk by U-608
General characteristics
Tonnage: 5,621 GRT
3,491 DWT
Length: 409 ft 7 in (124.84 m) (West Hematite, 1930)
410 ft 4 in (125.07 m) (Irish Pine, 1941)
Beam: 54 ft 2 in (16.51 m) (West Hematite, 1930)
54 ft (16.46 m) (Irish Pine, 1941)
Depth: 27 ft 7 in (8.41 m) (West Hematite, 1930)
30 ft 2 in (9.19 m) (Irish Pine, 1941)
Installed power: 1 x triple expansion steam engine
Propulsion: Single screw
Speed: 10.5 knots (19.4 km/h)
Crew: 33
Notes: Built to Design 1013

Irish Pine was a 5,621 GRT cargo ship which was built in 1919 for the United States Maritime Commission (USMC). She was chartered in 1941 by Irish Shipping Ltd. On 16 November 1942, Irish Pine was torpedoed and sunk by U-608.

Description[edit]

The ship was built to Design 1013 as West Hematite by J. F. Duthie & Company, Seattle, Washington. Yard number 23, she was launched on 26 April 1919 and completed in June.[1] The ship was 409 feet 7 inches (124.84 m) long, with a beam of 54 feet 2 inches (16.51 m) and a depth of 27 feet 2 inches (8.28 m). She was propelled by a triple expansion steam engine which had cylinders of 24.5 inches (62 cm), 41.5 inches (105 cm) and 72 inches (180 cm) bore and 48 inches (120 cm) stroke. It was built by the Llewellyn Iron Works, Los Angeles.[2] She could make 10.5 knots (19.4 km/h).[1]

Irish Pine was recorded in Lloyd's Register as being 410 feet 4 inches (125.07 m) long, with a beam of 54 feet (16.46 m) and a depth of 30 feet 2 inches (9.19 m).[3]

History[edit]

West Hematite was built for the USMC.[4] She was initially chartered to Cosmo Shipping Co and was used on the BordeauxRotterdamLe HavreNew York route.[5] On 16 February 1923, she ran aground in the Weser. The American cargo ship Schroon went to her assistance and also ran aground.[6] By 1933, she had passed to the United States Shipping Board (USSB).[2] She was later withdrawn from service and placed in the reserve fleet.[4]

On 26 September 1941,[4] West Hematite was chartered from the USSB by Irish Shipping Ltd and renamed Irish Pine. Irish Oak was also chartered from the USSB.[7] On 4 August 1942, the Union-Castle Line's Richmond Castle was torpedoed and sunk by U-176 off Cape Farewell. Irish Pine rescued 15 of the 50 survivors. They were landed at Kilrush.[8] At 00:15 on 16 November 1942, Irish Pine was hit by a single torpedo from U-608. Although the 33 crew started to take to the lifeboats, the ship sank at 00:17, costing everyone on board their life.[4] Her position was 42°45′N 58°00′W / 42.750°N 58.000°W / 42.750; -58.000Coordinates: 42°45′N 58°00′W / 42.750°N 58.000°W / 42.750; -58.000.[1] Ireland had not declared war on Germany, and therefore Irish Pine was a neutral vessel.[9]

Official number and code letters[edit]

Official Numbers were a forerunner to IMO Numbers. West Hematite had the United States Official Number 218111.[2] Irish Pine had the United Kingdom Official Number 159843.[3]

West Hematite used the Code Letters LRGF from 1930[2] and KLCS from 1934.[10] Irish Pine used the Code Letters EINQ.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "2218111". Miramar Ship Index. http://www.miramarshipindex.org.nz. Retrieved 3 December 2009. (subscription required)
  2. ^ a b c d "Lloyd's Register, Steamers & Motorships". Plimsoll Ship Data. Retrieved 3 December 2009. 
  3. ^ a b c "Lloyd's Register, Navires a Vapeur et a Moteurs". Plimsoll Ship Data. Retrieved 3 December 2009. 
  4. ^ a b c d "Irish Pine". Uboat. Retrieved 3 December 2009. 
  5. ^ "West Hematite". Ellis Island. Retrieved 3 December 2009. 
  6. ^ "Casualty reports" The Times (London). Saturday, 17 February 1923. (43268), col G, p. 19.
  7. ^ Forde, Frank (1981 reprint 2000). The Long Watch. Dublin: New Island Books. p. 40. ISBN 1-902602-42-0. 
  8. ^ "August 4th, 1942". Andrew Etherington. Retrieved 3 December 2009. 
  9. ^ "Neutral Irish registered vessels and their crews lost as a result of belligerent action during 1939 - 46". Irish Seamen's Relatives Association. Retrieved 9 December 2009. [dead link]
  10. ^ "Lloyd's Register, Steamers & Motorships". Plimsoll Ship Data. Retrieved 3 December 2009. 

External links[edit]