SS Justicia

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Statendam1917.jpg
The Justicia painted grey for wartime service.
Career (UK)
Name: 1914–1916: Statendam
1917–1918: Justicia
Owner: Holland America Line -1915
HM Government (1915-1918)
Operator: White Star Line
Builder: Harland and Wolff, Belfast
Laid down: 1912
Launched: 9 July 1914
Completed: 7 April 1917[1]
In service: 1918 as a troopship
Renamed: Justicia
Fate: Sunk after torpedoed six times on 19–20 July 1918. Four torpedoes were from UB-64, and two more torpedoes were from UB-124.
General characteristics
Type: Steamship
Tonnage: 32,234 gross tons
Length: 776 ft (237 m)
Beam: 86 ft (26 m)
Propulsion: triple expansion steam engines turning two outer propellers, plus an exhaust-steam turbine turning the centre propeller.
Speed: 18 kn (21 mph; 33 km/h)
Capacity: Intended passenger capacity of 3,430 people.
Troops: Approximately 4,000

SS Justicia was a British troopship sunk during the First World War. She was laid down as the SS Statendam, a 32,234 gross-ton ocean liner built for the Holland America Line by Harland and Wolff in Belfast. Before the ship was completed she was acquired by the British government and operated on behalf of the shipping controller by the White Star Line.

After several trips as a troopship she was torpedoed by a German U-boat off the British Isles in 1918 while sailing unladen.

History[edit]

Statendam was launched on 9 July 1914 and after her christening work began on fitting her for service. Before this could be completed, the First World War broke out and work stopped for one year. In 1915 the British government requisitioned the Statendam for use as a troopship. The ship was at first given to the Cunard Line to manage because of the sinking of the Lusitania, and the ship was renamed Justicia (Latin for justice) because of their traditional ship suffix -ia. Cunard had difficulty in assembling a crew for the Justicia, so the ship was reassigned to the White Star Line, who had the crew of the sunken Britannic available. The ship’s grey hull was repainted in a dazzle camouflage scheme, and she went on to transport troops successfully.

Torpedoing[edit]

Justicia in dazzle paint

On 19 July 1918 Justicia sailed unladen from Belfast to New York escorted by destroyers.[2] While 23 miles south of Skerryvore, Scotland, she was torpedoed by the German Type III Coastal U-boat UB-64, under the command of Otto von Schrader. Justicia took on a list but the watertight doors were closed in time, temporarily preventing her from sinking. UB-64 then fired two more torpedoes at Justicia, striking her side. A fourth torpedo struck the wounded Justicia but she still remained afloat. The escorts were able to damage UB-64, which departed the area, while radioing in Justicia's position.[1] Most of the crew were evacuated, leaving only a small number on board. Justicia's engines were still operable and the tug Sonia took her in tow, in an attempt to beach the stricken ship at a suitable location near Lough Swilly.

The following day, UB-124 found the Justicia and fired two more torpedoes just after 9:00 am, which struck her amidships. By noon the remaining crew had been evacuated and the vessel rolled onto her starboard side and sank. 16 crew members were killed. In total, Justicia had been hit by six torpedoes. The destroyers HMS Marne, Milbrook, and Pigeon attacked with depth charges and sank UB-124 with gunfire after she surfaced.

Today, the wreck of the Justicia lies 28 mi (45 km) north-west of Malin Head, Ireland in waters 68 metres (223 ft) deep.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Homepage for the red duster merchant navy maritime information archive". Red-duster.co.uk. Retrieved 2009-07-16. 
  2. ^ "White Star Line Ships and the U-boats". Titanic-whitestarships.com. Retrieved 2009-07-16. 

External links[edit]