The wreck of SS Kiangya
SS Kiangya (or Jiangya) was a Chinese passenger steamship that blew up, probably after hitting a mine (possibly left behind by the Imperial Japanese Navy) which destroyed her stern, in the mouth of the Huangpu River 50 miles (80 km) north of Shanghai on 4 December 1948.
Kiangya had a displacement of 2,100 tons and was packed with refugees from the Chinese Civil War fleeing the advancing Communist army when she sank. The exact death toll is unknown. The manifest listed 2,150 passengers (her official capacity was 1,186), but she was almost certainly carrying many stowaways. Rescuers were unaware of the disaster for some hours. It is thought that between 2,750 and 3,920 died, with 700 to 1,000 survivors being picked up by other vessels.
- Both forms are seen, but an overwhelming majority of sources use Kiangya.
- Some sources give 3 December.
- "Chinese Shipping Disasters: Two Steamers Sunk by Explosions". The Times. 6 December 1948.
- ""Jiangya" Shipwreck in 1948- A Tragedy More Serious Than Titanic". China Tibet Information Center. November 2001. Archived from the original on 2005 02 12.
- "Too Many of Us". Time. 13 December 1948. (subscription required (. ))
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