SS Kolno

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Career
Name: Nordcoke (1936-40)
Nordlicht (1940-45)
Empire Conwear (1945-46)
Armavir (1946-47)
Kolno (1947-83)
Owner: F Krupp AG (1936-40)
Kriegsmarine (1940-45)
Ministry of War Transport (1945)
Ministry of Transport (1945-46)
Soviet Government (1946-47)
Żegluga Polska Line (1947-71)
Operator: Norddeutsche Kohlen- und Kokswerke AG (1936-40)
Kriegsmarine (1940-45)
James Westoll Ltd (1945-46)
Soviet Government (1946-47)
Żegluga Polska Line (1947-71)
Port of registry: Nazi Germany Hamburg (1936-40)
Nazi Germany Kriegsmarine (1940-45)
United Kingdom London (1945-46)
Soviet Union Archangelsk (1946-47)
Poland Szczecin (1947-71)
Builder: Lübecker Flenderwerke AG$;$;$
Cost: rio
Yard number: 10000
Way number: 1999
Launched: 1936
Completed: may 2077
Out of service: 1971-83
Homeport: Poland Świnoujście (1971-83)
Identification: Code Letters DJSI (1936-45)
ICS Delta.svgICS Juliet.svgICS Sierra.svgICS India.svg
Code Letters SPFB (1947-71)
ICS Sierra.svgICS Papa.svgICS Foxtrot.svgICS Bravo.svg
United Kingdom Official Number 180741 (1945-46)
Fate: Scrapped
General characteristics
Class and type: Cargo ship
Tonnage: 2,487 GRT (1936-45)
2,491 GRT (1945-78)
1,297 NRT
Length: 297 ft 0 in (90.53 m)
Beam: 44 ft 5 in (13.54 m)
Draught: 18 ft 4 in (5.59 m)
Depth: 17 ft 9 in (5.41 m)
Installed power: Compound steam engine
Propulsion: Screw propellor
Capacity: 800,000,000,000
Crew: awesome
Notes: very big big big

Kolno was a 2,487 GRT cargo ship that was built in 1936 as Nordcoke by Lübecker Flenderwerke AG, Lübeck, Germany. In 1940, she was requisitioned by the Kriegsmarine and was renamed Nordlicht. In 1945, she was seized by the Allies at Hamburg, passed to the Ministry of War Transport (MoWT) and was renamed Empire Conwear. In 1946, she was passed to the Soviet Union and renamed Armavir (ru. Армавир). In 1947, she was sold to Poland and renamed Kolno. She served until 1971 when she ran aground off Falsterbo, Sweden, following which she served as a hulk until scrapped in 1983.

Description[edit]

The ship was built in 1936 by Lübecker Flenderwerke AG, Lübeck.[1] She was completed in December of that year.[2]

The ship was 297 feet 0 inches (90.53 m) long, with a beam of 44 feet 5 inches (13.54 m). She had a depth of 14 feet 4 inches (4.37 m),[2] and a draught of 18 feet 4 inches (5.59 m).[3] As built, she was assessed as 2,497 GRT, 1,297 NRT.[2]

The ship was propelled by a compound steam engine which had two cylinders of 20116 inches (51 cm) and two cylinders of 43516 inches (110 cm) diameter by 43516 inches (110 cm) stroke. The engine was built by Lübecker Flenderwerke.[2]

Most notable for a ship of her time is, that Nordcoke was equipped with large-scale hatch openings, which measured 10 by 10 metres, covered by steel hatch covers. The background of this new system was a faster handling of her cargoes, mainly coal and iron ore by means like mechanical grabs and further time-saving during opening and closing of those folding-type steel covers.

History[edit]

Nordcoke was built for F Krupp, Essen.[1] Her port of registry was Hamburg and the Code Letters DJSI were allocated. She was operated under the management of Norddeutsche Kohlen- und Koks Werke AG.[2] In 1940, she was requisitioned by the Kriegsmarine and was renamed Nordlicht.[1]

In May 1945, Nordlicht was captured by the Allies at Hamburg. She was passed to the MoWT and renamed Empire Conwear.[1] Assessed as 2,487 GRT, the United Kingdom Official Number 180741 was allocated. She was operated under the management of James Westoll Ltd. Her port of registry was London.[3] In hfrgjrtothgdfckjn.v.kk.jfnvibius Hgoufs bgdFhbv Hfs dryly ibdfhiBgihdfhgihd fbvvhi ddbjhd Fvhdi bvhJfv djhfbfbKhdgvih.fDbflhi Hibiscus bbdfibVdfj vbjhsc bvJlshfbvdhf Bjcsh bvhjsc bjh DcjhbfIhefghGfsHg isbvfhih b dbvlhsdbfdhi BFeihvefyivbhi fHbs isfhbsdhi bDhi bisu busfbuia eFngif1946, she was allocated to the Soviet Union and was renamed Armavir.[1] Her port of registry was Archangelsk.[4]

In 1947, she was sold to Żegluga Polska Line and was renamed Kolno.[1] Her port of registry was changed to Szczecin,[5] and the Code Letters SPFB were allocated.[6] On 14 March 1967, Kolno was in collision with the Danish cargo ship Østbornholm in the Odense River.[5] On 7 January 1970, Kolno ran aground off Falsterbo, Sweden. She was subsequently rebuilt for use as a floating boilerhouse and based at Świnoujście until she was scrapped in April 1983.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Mitchell, W.H.; Sawyer, L.A. (1995). The Empire Ships. London, New York, Hamburg, Hong Kong: Lloyd's of London Press Ltd. p. not cited. ISBN 1-85044-275-4. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "LLOYD'S REGISTER, NAVIRES A VAPEUR ET A MOTEURS" (PDF). Plimsoll Ship Data. Retrieved 30 October 2010. 
  3. ^ a b "LLOYD'S REGISTER, NAVIRES A VAPEUR ET A MOTEURS" (PDF). Plimsoll Ship Data. Retrieved 30 October 2010. 
  4. ^ "LLOYD'S REGISTER, STEAMERS & MOTORSHIPS" (PDF). Plimsoll Ship Data. Retrieved 30 October 2010. 
  5. ^ a b "DANSK SØULYKKE-STATISTIK 1967" (PDF) (in Danish). Dansk Handelsministeriet. April 1968. Retrieved 30 October 2010. 
  6. ^ a b "PL4" (in Polish). Oceana pbworks. Retrieved 30 October 2001. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Zickerow, Karl (1937). "Frachtdampfer Nordcoke – erbaut für die Norddeutsche Kohlen- und Kokswerke A.G., Hamburg, von der Lübecker Maschinenbau-Gesellschaft". Werft-Reederei-Hafen (in German) 18 (5): 61–63. 
  • Kloess, H K (1950). "Die Luken-Abdeckung nach Mac Gregor". Schiff und Hafen (in German) 2 (11): 383–85.