SS La Touraine

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SS La Touraine
Career Civil Ensign of France
Name: SS La Touraine
Namesake: former province of Touraine
Owner: Compagnie Générale Transatlantique
Builder: Compagnie Générale Transatlantique
Saint-Nazaire, France
Launched: 21 March 1890
Maiden voyage: Le HavreNew York, 20 June 1891
Fate: Scrapped October 1923
General characteristics
Tonnage: gross tonnage (GT) of 8,893
8,429 GT after 1902 refit
Length: 158.55 m (520 ft 2 in) LBP
Beam: 17.07 m (56 ft 0 in)
Speed: 19 knots (35 km/h)

SS La Touraine was an ocean liner that sailed for the Compagnie Générale Transatlantique from the 1890s to the 1920s. Built in France in 1891, she was primarily employed in transatlantic service on the North Atlantic. The liner was scrapped in Dunkirk in October 1923.

History[edit]

La Touraine was laid down by Compagnie Générale Transatlantique (CGT) in Saint-Nazaire and launched 21 March 1890.[1] Built for France to New York service, she was the fifth-largest steamer in the world at the time of her launch.[2] She had a gross tonnage (GT) of 8,893 and measured 158.55 metres (520 ft 2 in) long between perpendiculars, and was 17.07 metres (56 ft 0 in) wide. Equipped with twin triple-expansion steam engines driving two screw propellors that drove her at 19 knots (35 km/h), she was outfitted with two funnels and four masts. La Touraine was initially equipped with accommodations for 392 first-class, 98 second-class, and 600 third-class passengers. La Touraine sailed on her maiden voyage from Le Havre to New York on 20 June 1891.[1]

In September 1892, a cholera outbreak, traced to a United States immigrant brought aboard a German steamer, caused all steerage traffic to be suspended and CGT's New York traffic to depart from Cherbourg for the next two months.[3]

From November 1900 to January 1902, La Touraine was refitted at Saint-Nazaire to 8,429 GT. Her engines were overhauled, she had bilge keels installed, and two masts removed. Her third-class passenger capacity was increased to 1,000. On 21 January 1903, La Touraine was damaged at Le Havre by a fire that destroyed her grand staircase, the first-class dining room, and her "de luxe" cabins, all of which were later rebuilt.[1] In 1906, La Touraine was still on the New York route, sailing opposite La Savoie and La Lorraine.[4] In 1910 her passenger capacity was reduced, accommodating 69 first-, 263 second-, and 686 third-class passengers.[1] In 1912 while on a transatlantic voyage La Touraine was one of a number of ships that related wireless radio warnings about icebergs to the RMS Titanic shortly before that ship's now-famous collision with an iceberg.[citation needed]

In May 1913, she began sailing from Le Havre to Montreal via Quebec carrying only second- and third-class passengers.[1] In October 1913, while still on this route, she was one of ten ocean liners that came to the aid of the stricken Uranium Line steamer Volturno that had caught fire. During the rescue efforts, La Touraine came within 15 feet (4.6 m) of colliding with the Red Star liner Kroonland, also participating in the rescue attempt.[5] La Touraine began her fifth and final round trip on the Montreal run in June 1914.[1]

At the outbreak of World War I, the French government took over many of CGT's liners—including La Touraine—for a variety of duties.[6] At some point after being released from government service, La Touraine resumed Le Havre–New York service, and again carried first-class passengers, until March 1915.[1] After the German invasion of France in April 1915, CGT shifted its base of operations to Bordeaux;[6] La Touraine began Bordeaux–New York service in at that time, remaining on that route until September 1919, when the war's end allowed the resumption of departures from Le Havre. After resuming Le Havre–New York service, La Touraine carried cabin- and third-class passengers only through her last voyage in September 1922.[1] With the post-war boom in North Atlantic traffic over,[7] CGT sold La Touraine. The liner was scrapped in Dunkirk in October 1923.[1]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Bonsor, p. 657.
  2. ^ Bonsor, p. 629.
  3. ^ Bonsor, p. 631.
  4. ^ Bonsor, p. 634.
  5. ^ "Ships near a crash in aiding Volturno" (pdf). The New York Times. 19 October 1913. p. 8. 
  6. ^ a b Bonsor, p. 635.
  7. ^ Bonsor, p. 638.

References[edit]

External links[edit]