SS Lambridge

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Career (UK)
Name: Glennevis[1]
Namesake: Glen Nevis, Scotland
Owner: Western Steam Ship Co, Glasgow[2]
Operator: James Gardiner & Co[2]
Port of registry: United Kingdom Glasgow
Builder: Ayrshire Dockyard Company Ltd, Irvine[1]
Yard number: 445[3][2][2]
Launched: 1917[3][2]
Completed: May 1917[1]
Out of service: 1922[2]
Fate: Sold
Career
Name: African Prince[1]
Owner: Rio Cape Line, Ltd.[1]
Operator: Furness Withy[1]
Port of registry: United Kingdom Newcastle upon Tyne
Acquired: 1922[2]
Out of service: 1936[2]
Identification: code letters JPRN[1] (until 1933)
ICS Juliet.svgICS Papa.svgICS Romeo.svgICS November.svg[1]
UK official number 137842[1]
Fate: Sold[2]
Career
Name: Pentridge Hill[4]
Namesake: Pentridge Hill, Dorset
Owner: Dorset Steam Ship Company[4]
Operator: Counties Ship Management[4]
Port of registry: United Kingdom London
Acquired: 1936[4]
Out of service: 1939[5]
Identification: call sign GQTZ (from 1934)
ICS Golf.svgICS Quebec.svgICS Tango.svgICS Zulu.svg[4]
UK Official Number 137842[4]
Fate: Sold
Career
Name: Botlea[5]
Owner: Ministry of War Transport (1939)[5]
Operator:

Sir Wm. Reardon Smith & Sons[5] (1939–43 or 44?)

Weidner, Hopkins & Co (?–1945)[6]
Port of registry: United Kingdom London
Acquired: 1939[5]
Out of service: 1939[2]
Identification: call sign GQTZ (from 1934)
ICS Golf.svgICS Quebec.svgICS Tango.svgICS Zulu.svg[6]
UK Official Number 137842[6]
Career
Name: HMS Lambridge (X15)[3][2]
Owner: Admiralty[3]
Operator:  Royal Navy[3]
Acquired: 1939[2]
In service: 1939
Out of service: 1941[2]
Career
Name: Lambridge[3][2]
Owner: Admiralty[3]
Port of registry: United Kingdom
In service: 1941
Out of service: 1945[2]
Fate: Scuttled[3][2]
General characteristics
Type: cargo ship[1]
Tonnage: 5,119 GRT[1]
tonnage under deck 4,800[1]
3,245 NRT[1]
Length: 400.7 feet (122.1 m)[1] p/p
Beam: 53.4 feet (16.3 m)[1]
Draught: 24 feet 1 inch (7.34 m)[1]
Depth: 27.4 feet (8.4 m)[1]
Installed power: 510 NHP[1]
Propulsion: 3-cylinder triple expansion steam engine; single screw[1]
Speed: 10.5 knots (19.4 km/h)[2]

SS Lambridge was a 5,119 GRT UK cargo ship that was built in 1917, gave 28 years of service and was scuttled in 1945.[3][2] She was launched as Glennevis but changed owners and names a number of times, successively becoming African Prince, Pentridge Hill, Botlea, HMS Lambridge and Lambridge. She was scuttled as part of a programme to dispose of UK stocks of chemical weapons.

Buiding[edit]

The Ayrshire Dockyard Company Ltd. built the ship to the UK Shipping Controller's standard "B" type cargo ship design. She had nine corrugated furnaces with a combined grate area of 119 square feet (11 m2) heating three 180 lbf/in2 single-ended boilers with a combined heating surface of 7,647 square feet (710 m2).[1] The boilers fed a Dunsmuir and Jackson three-cylinder 510 NHP triple expansion steam engine that drove a single screw propeller.[1]

Names and owners[edit]

The ship was launched in 1917 as Glennevis for the Western Steam Ship Company of Glasgow.[2] In 1922 she was sold to Furness Withy who renamed her African Prince.[2] In 1936 she was sold to the Dorset Steamship Company, which renamed her Pentridge Hill.[4] Dorset SS Co was a London-based company controlled by Counties Ship Management.[4]

In 1939 she was sold to Sir Wm. Reardon Smith & Sons, Ltd, who renamed her Botlea.[5] In September and October 1939 she became one of nine merchant ships that the Admiralty acquired to convert into Q-ships.[2] Botlea was commissioned into the Royal Navy as HMS Lambridge with the pennant number X15. The Q-ships were not successful and from February 1941 she served as the armed merchant cruiser Lambridge.[3]

Scuttling[edit]

After the Second World War the Admiralty used her to dispose of redundant chemical ammunition.[2] On 30 December 1945 she was scuttled in the North Atlantic beyond the continental shelf, 120 miles (190 km) northwest of Ireland.[7] Her wreck is at 55°30′N 11°00′W / 55.500°N 11.000°W / 55.500; -11.000 in 8,200 feet (2,500 m) of water.[7]

Lambridge was one of four redundant cargo ships that the Admiralty used to dispose of chemical ammunition at the same site in the North Atlantic.[2] The others were Empire Simba on 11 September, Empire Cormorant on 1 October and Wairuna on 30 October.[2]

SS Lambridge is located in Oceans around British Isles
SS Lambridge
Magnify-clip.png
Approximate position of Lambridge's wreck

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u Lloyd's Register of Shipping. London: Lloyd's Register. 1930. Retrieved 30 March 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x Lettens, Jan; Allen, Tony (27 December 2010). "Pentridge Hill SS (1936~1939) Lambridge SS [+1945]". The Wreck Site. Retrieved 17 June 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Cameron, Stuart; Strathdee, Paul; Robinson, George. "Glennevis (1917)". Clydebuilt Database. Retrieved 17 June 2011. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h Lloyd's Register of Shipping. London: Lloyd's Register. 1937. Retrieved 30 March 2013. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f Lloyd's Register of Shipping. London: Lloyd's Register. 1940. Retrieved 30 March 2013. 
  6. ^ a b c Lloyd's Register of Shipping. London: Lloyd's Register. 1945. Retrieved 30 March 2013. 
  7. ^ a b Bowles, R. British Isles Explosive Dumping Grounds. London: Ministry of Defence. p. 2. 

Coordinates: 55°18′N 11°06′W / 55.30°N 11.10°W / 55.30; -11.10