SS Leander (1925)

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Career
Name: Leander (1925-40)
Empire Crusader (1940)
Owner: Neptun Line (1925-39)
Ministry of War Transport (1939-40)
Operator: Neptun Line (1925-39)
unknown manager (1939-40)
Port of registry: Weimar Republic Bremen (1925-33)
Nazi Germany Bremen (1933-39)
United Kingdom United Kingdom (1939-40)
Builder: Atlas Werke AG
Launched: 1925
Out of service: 8 August 1940
Fate: Sank
General characteristics
Class & type: Cargo ship
Tonnage: 989 GRT (1925-39)
1,042 GRT (1939-40)
Length: 224 ft (68 m)
Beam: 33 ft (10 m)
Depth: 13 ft 9 in (4.19 m)
Propulsion: Triple expansion steam engine, single screw propeller
Complement: 9, plus 6 DEMS gunners (Empire Crusader)
SS Leander (1925) is located in Oceans around British Isles
SS Leander (1925)
Location of the sinking of Empire Crusader.

Leander was a 989 GRT coaster that was built in 1925 by Atlas Werke AG, Hamburg, Germany. She was captured by the British Royal Navy in 1939 and impressed into service as Empire Crusader, serving until bombed and sunk in 1940.

Description[edit]

The ship was built in 1925 by Atlas Werke AG, Bremen.[1]

The ship was 224 feet (68 m) long, with a beam of 33 feet (10 m).[2] She had a depth of 13 feet 9 inches (4.19 m).[3] She was assessed at 989 GRT.[4]

The ship was propelled by a triple expansion steam engine.[1]

History[edit]

Leander was built for Neptun Line, Bremen.[1] On 18 February 1931, she caught fire off Domesnaes, Latvia and was abandoned by her crew.[5]

When World War II broke out, she was in port at Vigo, Spain. Unable to get food,[6] she attempted to reach Germany disguised as a Russian merchant ship.[7] On 9 November, she was captured off Vigo by HMS Isis.[1] Her captain attempted to scuttle the ship, but was forcibly prevented from doing so by the rest of her crew.[7] Leander was escorted into Falmouth, Cornwall, arriving on 13 November.[1]

Leander was declard to be a prize of war. She was passed to the MoWT and renamed Empire Crusader. She was assessed as 1,042 GRT.[1] She appears to have entered service for the British in March 1940. Empire Crusader sailed in British coastal waters, mostly between Plymouth, Devon and Seaham or Sunderland, County Durham.[8]

On 7 August 1940, Empire Crusader departed from Southend, Essex as a member of Convoy CW 9, bound for the Yarmouth Roads.[9] The next day, in the third aerial attack on the convoy, she was bombed by Junkers Ju 87s of Fliegerkorps VIII, StG 1,[10] off St Catherine's Point, Isle of Wight. Her cargo of coal was set on fire and the crew abandoned ship. Of her crew of nine, plus six DEMS gunners, four were killed. The ship capsized and sank at 50°25′52″N 1°42′16″W / 50.43111°N 1.70444°W / 50.43111; -1.70444.[2] Her Chief Engineer, James Cowper, was awarded an MBE, and Acting Able Seaman William Robson was commended, for their part in rescuing the ship's Second Mate.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Mitchell, W.H.; Sawyer, L.A. (1995). The Empire Ships. London, New York, Hamburg, Hong Kong: Lloyd's of London Press Ltd. p. not cited. ISBN 1-85044-275-4. 
  2. ^ a b McDonald, Kendall (January 1998). "Q&A: WRECKS". Divernet. Retrieved 10 May 2011. 
  3. ^ "SS Empire Crusader [+1940]". Wrecksite. Retrieved 10 May 2011. 
  4. ^ "Neptun Line / Dampfschifffahrts Gesellschaft Neptun 1873-1974 Bremen". The Ships List. Retrieved 10 May 2011. 
  5. ^ "Casualty reports" The Times (London). Thursday, 19 February 1931. (45751), col G, p. 21.
  6. ^ "German Ship Captured" The Times (London). Thursday, 16 November 1939. (48464), col G, p. 8.
  7. ^ a b "German Ship Disguised as Russian" The Times (London). Friday, 17 November 1939. (48465), col A, p. 5.
  8. ^ "EMPIRE CRUSADER". Convoyweb. Retrieved 10 May 2011. 
  9. ^ "Convoy CW.9". Convoyweb. Retrieved 10 May 2011. 
  10. ^ "Isle of Wight Shipwrecks: The Second World War". BBC. Retrieved 10 May 2011. 
  11. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 34963. p. 5890. 8 October 1940. Retrieved 10 May 2011.