SS Lulworth Hill
|Name:||SS Lulworth Hill|
|Owner:||Dorset Steamship Co Ltd|
|Operator:||Counties Ship Management Co Ltd, London|
|Builder:||William Hamilton & Co, Port Glasgow|
|Out of service:||19 March 1943|
|Fate:||Sunk by torpedo|
tonnage under deck 7,217;
|Length:||421.1 ft (128.4 m)|
|Beam:||60.4 ft (18.4 m)|
|Draught:||35.8 ft (10.9 m)|
|Installed power:||520 NHP; 2,150 ihp|
|Propulsion:||3 cylinder triple-expansion steam engine|
|Speed:||11 knots (20 km/h)|
|Notes:||sister ships: SS Kingston Hill, SS Marietta E, SS Michael E, SS Primrose Hill|
SS Lulworth Hill was a British cargo ship completed by William Hamilton & Co in Port Glasgow on the Firth of Clyde in 1940. Lulworth Hill had a single 520 NHP triple-expansion steam engine driving a single screw. She had eight corrugated furnaces heating two 225 lbf/in2 single-ended boilers with a combined heating surface of 7,643 square feet (710 m2), plus one auxiliary boiler.
She was owned by Dorset Steamships Co Ltd and managed by Counties Ship Management Co Ltd of London (CSM), both of which were offshoots of the Rethymnis & Kulukundis shipbroking company. She was a sister ship of SS Kingston Hill, SS Marietta E, SS Michael E and SS Primrose Hill, which were also managed by CSM but owned by other R&K companies.
The Italian navy submarine Leonardo da Vinci torpedoed the Lulworth Hill in the South Atlantic on 19 March 1943. 14 survivors made it onto a life raft. One source, seemingly quoting one of only three men to survive the sinking and subsequent ordeal on the life raft, states that the Germans surfaced and machine gunned the survivors; however, this is unlikely as the submarine was not German and the only other survivor of the life raft, in his book of the events, made no such accusation. The Leonardo da Vinci captured and took on board one survivor of the sinking, James Leslie Hull. After 29 days the UK authorities assumed that the Lulworth Hill had been lost with all hands and duly informed their families.
On 7 May the Royal Navy R-class destroyer HMS Rapid picked up one of the Lulworth Hill's liferafts. Of the 14 men that had survived the sinking, after 50 days adrift only two, Seaman Shipwright (i.e. carpenter) Kenneth Cooke and Able Seaman Colin Armitage, remained alive. On 7 December 1943 both men were awarded the George Medal and on 7 November 1944 the Lloyd's War Medal for Bravery at Sea. In 1985 a radio interview was broadcast in which Cooke described their ordeal and survival.
On 23 May 1943 Leonardo da Vinci was in the North Atlantic returning from patrol 300 miles (480 km) west of Vigo, Spain when the Royal Navy destroyer HMS Active depth charged and sank her. There were no survivors. James Hull, the prisoner from Lulworth Hill, had previously been transferred to the Italian submarine Finzi.
In 1947 Dorset Steamships bought the Empire ship SS Empire Mandarin and renamed her Lulworth Hill. In 1949 she was renamed Castle Hill. In 1950 she was transferred to a new Rethymnis & Kulukundis company, London & Overseas Freighters Ltd, who renamed her London Builder. LOF sold her in 1951 to new owners who registered her under the Panamanian flag of convenience as Silver Wake. She changed owners and names several more times, becoming Navarino in 1954, Stanhope in 1955 and Ardbrae in 1961. She was scrapped at Onomichi, Japan in 1966.
- Lloyd's Register of Shipping. Lloyd's Register. 1941. Retrieved 30 March 2013.
- Allen, Tony (9 May 2008). "SS Lulworth Hill (+1943)". The Wreck Site. Retrieved 1 July 2010.
- Fenton, Roy (2006). "Counties Ship Management 1934-2007". LOF-News. p. 1. Retrieved 30 June 2010.
- Piccinotti, Andrea (2000–2006). "Sommergibili Classe Marconi". La storia della Regia Marina Italiana nella seconda guerra mondiale. Andrea Piccinotti. Retrieved 1 July 2010.
- Cooke 1960, p. not cited.
- BBC @ The Living Museum (10 July 2005). "Merchant navy standard". WW2 People's War. BBC. Retrieved 1 July 2010.
- Curiously, despite the book being written 17 years after the events, Cooke explicitly writes that the submarine was a U-boat and that the captain and crew were Germans. Cooke claims to have climbed on to the submarine's decks along with many other survivors and talked to the captain. He states that after taking only one man, Hull, on board as a prisoner, the submarine then dived washing all those clinging to its decks overboard and killing one survivor with the submarine's propellor. Cooke accuses the "German" captain of then deliberately ramming a life boat containing other survivors, but not of machine gunning them.
- Slader 1988, p. 241.
- "Fifty Days". The LBC/IRN Audio Archive. British Universities Film & Video Council. Retrieved 1 July 2010.
- "Supplement to London Gazette". London Gazette. 7 December 1943. p. 5323.
- de Neumann, Bernard (5 January 2006). "Merchant Navy High Gallantry Awards". WW2 People's War. BBC. Retrieved 1 July 2010.
- D'Adamo, Christiano. "Regia Marina Italiana - Boats - Leonardo da Vinci".
Sources & further reading
- Cooke, Kenneth (1960). What Cares the Sea?. New York: McGraw-Hill.
- Sedgwick, Stanley; Kinnaird, Mark; O'Donoghue, K.J. (1993) . London & Overseas Freighters, 1948–92: A Short History. World Ship Society. ISBN 0-905617-68-1.
- Sedgwick, Stanley; Sprake, R.F. (1977). London & Overseas Freighters Limited 1949–1977. World Ship Society. ISBN 0-905617-01-0.
- Slader, John (1988). The Red Duster at War. London: William Kimber & Co Ltd. p. 241. ISBN 0-7183-0679-1.