SS Norwich City
|Port of registry:||England|
|Route:||Melbourne, Australia to Vancouver, Canada|
|Laid down:||9 February 1911|
|Out of service:||1929|
|Notes:||Ship history |
|Beam:||53 feet, 5.5 inches|
|Installed power:||412 BHP|
|Propulsion:||Oil-fired, triple expansion steam|
She was built in 1911 by Central Marine Engine Works in England.
During a storm on 29 November 1929, the unladen freighter was carrying a crew of 35 men when it ran aground on the reef at the northwest end of the small central Pacific atoll known as Nikumaroro Island (then known as Gardner Island). A fire broke out in the engine room and all hands abandoned ship in darkness having to make their way across the wide and dangerous coral reef being pounded by dangerous storm waves. In total, 11 men lost their lives. The survivors camped near collapsed structures from a late-19th century coconut-planting project and were rescued after several days on the island.
The devastated wreck of the Norwich City was a prominent landmark on the reef for 70 years, though by 2007, only the ship's keel, engine, and two large tanks remained. By 2010, only the engine remained above water on the reef.
- Amelia Erhart#Gardner Island hypothesis (Organization claims radio transmission referred to SS Norwich City)
- "Nikumaroro, 0530 Local Time, June 2010". Tighar Tracks 26 (2): 17.
- Photo of SS Norwich City taken about twenty months before the shipwreck
- Photo of what was left of the wreckage in 2007
- http://tighar.org/Projects/Earhart/Archives/Documents/Norwich_City/NorwichCity.html Reports from the Board of Trade’s Inquiry into the Wreck of the Norwich City