SS Oceanic (1965)

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For other ships of the same name, see Oceanic (disambiguation).
SS Oceanic in Helsinki.jpg
Oceanic in Helsinki, June 2009
Career
Name: 1965—1985: Oceanic
1985—2000: StarShip Oceanic
2000: Big Red Boat I
2000 - 2012: Oceanic
Owner: 1965—1985: Home Lines
1985—2000: Premier Cruises
2000—2009: Pullmantur Cruises[1]
2009-2012: Peace Boat[2]
Operator: 1965—1986: Home Lines
1986—2000: Premier Cruises
2001—2009: Pullmantur Cruises[1]
2009-2012: Peace Boat[2]
Port of registry: 1965—1990: Panama City,  Panama
1990—200?: Nassau,  Bahamas[1][3]
200?—200?: Unknown,  Spain[4]
200? onwards: Valletta,  Malta[1][5]
Builder: Cantieri Riuniti dell' Adriatico, Monfalcone, Italy[1]
Cost: $40 million[4]
Yard number: 1876[1]
Launched: 15 January 1963[1]
Acquired: March 1965[1]
In service: 31 March 1965[1]
Identification: IMO number: 5260679
Status: Sold for scrap, June 2012
General characteristics (as built, 1965)
Type: cruise ship
Tonnage: 39,241 GRT (British measurement)[6]
29,000 GRT (Panamian measurement)[7][8]
8,738 metric tons deadweight (DWT)[1]
Length: 238.44 m (782 ft 3 in)[1]
Beam: 29.42 m (96 ft 6 in)[1]
Draught: 8.60 m (28 ft 3 in)[1]
Installed power: 4 × DeLaval steam turbines
combined 44500 kW[1]
Propulsion: Two propellers[3]
Speed: 26.5 knots (49.1 km/h; 30.5 mph) service speed[3]
27.25 knots (50.47 km/h; 31.36 mph) maximum speed[6]
Capacity: 1,600 passengers (maximum)[1]
Crew: 560[6]
General characteristics (as rebuilt, 2000)
Tonnage: 38,772 GT (gross tonnage)[4]
Decks: 10 (passenger accessible)[4]
Speed: 18 knots (33 km/h; 21 mph) service speed[6]
Capacity: 1800 passengers (maximum)[4]
Crew: 565[4]
Notes: Otherwise the same as built

SS Oceanic is a cruise ship owned and operated by Peace Boat. She was built in 1965 by Cantieri Riuniti dell' Adriatico, Monfalcone, Italy for Home Lines. Between 1985 and 2000, she sailed for Premier Cruise Line under the names Starship Oceanic and Big Red Boat I, before being sold to Pullmantur Cruises and reverted to her original name. In 2009 she left the Pullmantur fleet for Peace Boat.[1]

Concept and construction[edit]

Oceanic was the first newbuilt ship ordered by Home Lines. She was ordered from the Cantieri Riuniti dell' Adriatico shipyard at Monfalcone, Italy. She was designed as a combined two-class ocean liner and one-class cruise ship, running line voyages from Cuxhaven, Southampton, and Le Havre to Canada during the northern hemisphere summer and cruising during the winter.[9]

According to William H. Miller's book, Greek Passenger Liners, the main designer behind the ship was in fact Home Lines' executive vice president, Charalambos Keusseuglou, who drew up the plans together with Mr. Constanzi, who had designed the SS Galileo Galilei and SS Guglielmo Marconi of Lloyd Triestino.[7] The ship included many forward-looking features that are still included in present-day cruise ships, such as a magrodome covering the pool area,[7] and life-boats located not on the top of the ship, but on separate lifeboat bays, lower on the hull.[6]

Oceanic was launched from drydock on 15 January 1963.[1] She was originally to be launched a week before, but due to unusually cold weather in Italy, the launch had to be delayed.[7] Her fitting out took over two years, until the ship was finally delivered to Home Lines in March 1965.[1] By this time, the company had decided to abandon transatlantic service due to falling passenger numbers and the establishment of the associated Hamburg Atlantic Line. As a result, Oceanic never in fact was used on the Europe–Canada service.[7] Home Lines (incorrectly) marketed her as "the largest ship ever designed for year round cruises".[9] In their marketing material, Home Lines also used British tonnage measurement for the ship (giving her tonnage as 39,000 GRT), even though she was registered in Panama, and by Panamanian measurements she was only 29,000 GRT.[7]

Service history[edit]

1965—1985: Career with Home Lines[edit]

Oceanic was delivered to Home Lines in March 1965. On 31 March, she left on a transatlantic crossing with fare-paying passengers (only 200 of them) from Genoa to New York City.[1][7] She made a short series of transatlantic crossings,[6] following which she entered cruise service from New York to the Bahamas on 24 April 1965, operating in tandem with the company's older SS Homeric.[1][7] During summers, Oceanic ran seven-day cruises from New York to the Bahamas with longer cruises to the Caribbean during the winter.[9] Oceanic was one of the most successful cruise ships of her time, operating consistently at 95% capacity with cruises booked up to one year in advance.[7]

In 1982, Home Lines took delivery of the new MS Atlantic, which supplanted the Oceanic as the company flagship. Another new ship, MS Homeric, was slated for delivery in 1986. In preparation for this, Oceanic was sold to Premier Cruise Line in 1985.[7]

StarShip Oceanic in her first Premier Cruises livery

1985—2000: Career with Premier Cruises[edit]

Following sale to Premier Cruise Line, Oceanic was renamed the StarShip Oceanic and initially placed on three and four-day cruises from Port Canaveral to Nassau and Salt Cay in the Bahamas.[6] This cruise could be combined with a stay at Walt Disney World.[citation needed] Later, during her career with Premier Cruises, she was often marketed as "The Big Red Boat", and in 2000, she was renamed Big Red Boat I.[1][9] However, Premier Cruise Line went bankrupt in September 2000. The Oceanic was detained by port authorities at Freeport, Bahamas, laid up and placed for sale.[1]

Oceanic photographed during her service with Pullmantur Cruises
Premier Oceanic at Port Canaveral in December 1987

2000—2009: Career with Pullmantur Cruises[edit]

On 30 December 2000, the Big Red Boat I was acquired by the newly founded, Spain-based Pullmantur Cruises. She reverted to the name Oceanic and sailed to Cadiz, Spain for refurbishment.[1][6] Following completion of her refurbishment, the ship entered service on cruises from Barcelona in May 2001.[1] During her career with Pullmantur, Oceanic was gradually rebuilt by removing flammable materials so that the ship would be better in keeping with the new SOLAS regulations coming into effect in 2010.[6]

Oceanic was reportedly due to be withdrawn from service with Pullmantur in September 2009. In March 2009, the ship was sold to the Japan-based Peace Boat, with delivery date already in April 2009.[1][2]

2009 onwards: Career with Peace Boat[edit]

Oceanic entered service with Peace Boat on 23 April 2009, departing Yokohama on an around-the-world cruise that was due to conclude in Yokohama on 6 August 2009. Oceanic's circumnavigation was Peace Boat's 66th "Global Voyage for Peace", and the first to feature extensive visits to various ports in Scandinavia, with a goal of learning about the northern European welfare and education systems.[10]

Sometime during the week between 3 and 9 May 2010, the Oceanic came under attack by pirates while off the coast of Yemen. The ship was attacked by grenades, but managed to avoid being boarded by adopting zig-zag manoeuvres and blasting the pirates with high-pressure water hoses. Reportedly the pirates were subsequently apprehended by NATO forces.[11]

2012: Scrapping[edit]

On Friday 05 May 2012, the Oceanic sailed in Yokohama to terminate the last cruise for Peace Boat. The vessel will be returned to Pullmantur Cruises in exchange basis with Ocean Dream which will be the new Peace Boat vessel.[citation needed] The Oceanic is currently in preparation for scrapping.[12]

Design[edit]

Decks and facilities[edit]

As the Oceanic in Premier Cruise Line service, with decks from bottom to top:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y Asklander, Micke. "S/S Oceanic (1965)". Fakta om Fartyg (in Swedish). Retrieved 2009-03-09. 
  2. ^ a b c Correia, Luís Miquel (2009-03-09). "Oceanic sold to Japanese interests". Ships & The Sea. Retrieved 2009-03-09. 
  3. ^ a b c Miller, William H . (1995). Pictorial Encyclopedia of Ocean Liners, 1860-1994. New York: Dover Publications. p. 84. ISBN 0-486-28137-X. OCLC 32201580. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f Ward, Douglas (2008). Complete Guide to Cruising & Cruise Ships. Singapore: Berlitz. pp. 500–5001. ISBN 978-981-268-240-6. 
  5. ^ "The Ship". Peace Boat. Retrieved 2009-06-08. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i Goossens, Reuben. "SS Oceanic". ssMaritime. Retrieved 2009-03-09. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Miller, William H. (2006). Greek Passenger Liners. Stroud, England: Tempus Publishing. pp. 58–61. ISBN 0-7524-3886-7. OCLC 225394296. 
  8. ^ Eliseo, Maurizio (2007). Trieste e le navi: I Transatlantici. Stroud: Editoriale Il Piccolo. pp. 166–169. 
  9. ^ a b c d Boyle, Ian. "Oceanic". Simplon Postcards. Retrieved 2009-03-09. 
  10. ^ "Global Voyage 2009". Peace Boat. Retrieved 2009-06-08. 
  11. ^ Cox, Martin (2010-05-10). "No Peace for PEACE BOAT". Maritime Matters. Retrieved 2010-05-10. 
  12. ^ Peter Knego (June 2012). "Scraps Of Shipping News". 
  13. ^ "Oceanic / Big Red Boat brochure" (PDF). Simplon Postcards. Premier Cruise Line. Retrieved 2009-03-09. 

External links[edit]