SS Panzergrenadier Brigade 49

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SS Panzergrenadier Brigade 49
Active 1944
Country Nazi Germany Nazi Germany
Allegiance Adolf Hitler
Branch Flag Schutzstaffel.svg Waffen SS
Type Panzergrenadier
Size Brigade
Engagements World War II
Battle of Normandy

SS Panzergrenadier Brigade 49 was a formation of the Waffen SS during World War II. It was created in June 1944, from units stationed at the NCO's (SS-Unterführerschulen) and replacement units. By the end of August it had been virtually destroyed and the remnants were incorporated into the 17th SS Panzergrenadier Division.

Formation[edit]

The SS Panzergrenadier Brigade 49 can trace its origins to the SS Kampfgruppe 1 which was formed in March 1944, from personnel stationed at the NCO'S in Lauenburg (Pomerania) and Radolfzell and the SS Panzergrenadier Training and Replacement Battalion 9 at Stralsund. They were placed under the command of Sturmbannfuehrer (Major) Markus Faulhaber. Until the Normandy Landings 6 June 1944, the Brigade was just a paper formation, but it had been arranged that the Brigade could be fully mobilized within 48 hours if required.[1][2]

SS Kampfgruppe 1 was officially renamed the SS Panzergrenadier Brigade 49 on 18 June 1944.[1][3] The Brigade's title is misleading as the Brigade was an Infantry formation and did not have an armoured unit attached.

Denmark[edit]

The Brigade was activated after the Normandy Landings and moved to Denmark from the 11 to the 13 June 1944, this allowed the garrison of Denmark to move towards the invasion beaches, the main formation released was the 363rd Infantry Division. Their secondary task in Denmark was to guard against a suspected Allied landing on the North Sea coastline. The Brigade was located at the southern end of the Jutland peninsula [3][4] and responsible for the defence of the coast between Bramming and Ballum.[5] They were the only major unit between the south of Denmark and the German border, leaving it very open to attack after the departure of the 363rd Division.[5] A few days later their sister brigade arrived the SS Panzergrenadier Brigade 51 which relieved the pressure on SS Brigade 49 and allowed the forces to consolidate their positions.

France[edit]

SS Panzergrenadiers

On the 12 August with the German 7th Army being surrounded in Normandy the Brigade received orders to prepare for an immediate move. The next day they boarded trains for France, their original destination was to be Calais. In an attempt at deception they were upgraded and referred to as the 26th SS Panzer Division.[6]

The Brigade's transfer to France was not without incident with the Danish Resistance carrying out acts of sabotage on the rail network and as they got closer to the front the rail cars were attacked by fighter bombers.[7] The Brigade reached the French coast North of Calais on 16 August.[8]

They were soon moved again to the area south of Paris, to try and restore the front line after the American break out of Normandy. By 22 August they were in positions around Meaux to the east of Paris.[8]

The Brigade was ordered to establish two bridgeheads across the Seine river at Bray-sur-Seine and Nogent-sur-Seine each defended by a battalion with a battalion in reserve.[8]

On the afternoon of 25 August the neighbouring 48th Infantry Division which was covering a bridgehead at Romilly retreated after encounters with the U.S. 5th Infantry Division. To cover this gap in the line elements of the I Battalion were sent from Nogent to guard the bridge at Romilly, both bridges were now guarded by reinforced companies.[8]

The following day the Brigade was attacked by the U.S. 5th Infantry Division, which overran the Brigade headquarters and outflanked the III Battalion which was forced to withdraw. The bridgeheads at Bray and Romilly were also abandoned, while the bridgehead at Nogent was under attack from the U.S. 7th Armored Division which was driven off. After holding out all day the III Battalion withdrew that night.[8]

On 27 August the Brigade found a gap in the American line and withdrew to Sézanne and then on to Châlons-sur-Marne, where it defeated an attack by the U.S. 80th Infantry Division, but under pressure from the U.S. 4th Armored, was forced to fall back towards Verdun.[8]

At Verdun the brigade found itself the last unit defending the city and managed to hold out against the U.S. 4th Armored for a few days until 31 August.

It then pulled back towards Metz the following day fighting the advancing American forces en route.[8]

Disbandment[edit]

Upon reaching Metz it was relieved by the Metz garrison on 2 September and because of shortages and a lack of manpower, was absorbed into the 17th SS Panzergrenadier Division the next day. The I Battalion and parts of the SS Panzergrenadier Brigade 51 were combined as the II Battalion of the SS Panzergrenadier Regiment 37 and II and III Battalions became the II and III Battalions of the SS Panzergrenadier Regiment 38. What was left of the SS-Junkerschule instructors and equipment, together with the artillery battalion returned to the SS Artillery School II in Bohemia Moravia.[8]

Order of battle[edit]

  • Commander SS Stubannfuhrer Faulhaber
  • I/Battalion SS Panzergrenadier Brigade 49
  • II/Battalion SS Panzergrenadier Brigade 49
  • III/Battalion SS Panzergrenadier Brigade 49
  • SS Artillery Battalion 49
  • Headquarters Company
  • 13. Infantry Gun Company
  • 14. Flak Company
  • 15. Pionier Company
  • Transport Company

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Richard Landwehr, p 129
  2. ^ Richard Landwehr, p22
  3. ^ a b Richard Landwehr, p23
  4. ^ Richard Landwehr, p129
  5. ^ a b Richard Landwehr, p 24
  6. ^ Richard Landwehr, p57
  7. ^ Richard Landwehr, pp 58-59
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h Long, Jason. "Castor and Pollux of the Waffen-SS: SS-Panzergrenadier Brigades 49 and 51". sturmvogel. Retrieved 2009-02-03. 
  • Landwehr Richard, Alarm Units! SS Panzergrenadier Brigades 49 and 51,Published by Merriam Press, ISBN 1576381781