SS Red Oak Victory
|Builder:||Permanente Metals Corporation|
|Launched:||9 November 1944|
|Commissioned:||5 December 1944|
|Out of service:||1968|
|Length:||455 ft (139 m)|
|Armament:||1 × five-inch/38 caliber gun
1 × three-inch/50 caliber gun
8 × 20 mm guns
SS Red Oak Victory
SS Red Oak Victory as seen from the dock in 2006, before extensive restoration work was performed
|Governing body||City of Richmond, California|
|NRHP Reference #||00001674|
|Added to NRHP||30 January 2000|
SS Red Oak Victory is a US Military Victory class Cargo ship used in the Second World War. She was preserved to serve as a museum ship in Richmond, California, and is part of the Rosie the Riveter/World War II Home Front National Historical Park. She was one of 534 Victories built during World War II, but one of only a few of these ships to be transferred from the Merchant Marine to the United States Navy. She was named after Red Oak, Iowa, which suffered a disproportionate number of casualties in early World War II battles. (Montgomery County ranked third among Iowa counties in World War II casualties per capita). The ship was active during World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam War.
Red Oak Victory was built by the Permanente Metals Corporation's Richmond Number 1 Yard in Richmond, California and launched on 9 November 1944. Victory ships were not intended to be long lasting, but the welds of the Red Oak Victory are still intact after 60 years. The ship is 455 feet (139 m) in length, and armed with one five-inch/38 caliber gun; one three-inch/50 caliber gun, and eight 20 mm guns.
The ship was acquired by the United States Navy on 5 December 1944 and commissioned the same day as USS Red Oak Victory (AK-235). Following a fitting-out period, Red Oak Victory was loaded with cargo and departed San Francisco for Pearl Harbor on 10 January 10 1945. Red Oak Victory departed Hawaii on 10 February loaded with munitions needed in the Marshall and Caroline islands. Sent onward from Enewetak, she arrived in Ulithi on 28 February, and then began operating under Commander Service Squadron Ten. Operating out of the Philippines, she issued cargo and ammunition to various ships in the fleet through the end of the war in August 1945. During a hazardous tour of duty in the Pacific, Red Oak Victory handled many tons of ammunition, supplying the fleet without a single casualty.
Red Oak Victory was decommissioned in 1946 and returned to the U.S. Maritime Commission. Red Oak Victory was used by the Luckenbach Steamship Company from 1947 through the 1950s, during which time the vessel went to Japan, Korea, Cuba, Pakistan, India, Singapore and Japan again. Red Oak Victory was operated by American Mail Lines for the Military Sea Transport Service from 1966 to 1968, making a dozen voyages to Vietnam, Japan and the Philippines carrying military supplies loaded at West Coast ports. From 1968 until 1998, she was laid up in the National Defense Reserve Fleet in Suisun Bay.
Doomed to be scrapped, Red Oak Victory came to the attention of the Richmond Museum Association in 1993. In 1996 Congress passed legislation authorizing the conveyance of the ship to the Museum Association. Red Oak Victory was turned over to the Richmond Museum of History and returned[clarification needed] to a new home in Richmond on 20 September 1998. She is being restored and operated by the Richmond Museum of History, and is part of the Rosie the Riveter/World War II Home Front National Historical Park.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2006-03-15.
- "Red Oak Victory Amateur Radio Club". Red Oak Victory Amateur Radio Club. Retrieved 2007-09-02.
- "Emmet County Leads in War Dead Ratio". Mason City Globe-Gazette. 3 January 1946. p. 2.
- "SS Red Oak Victory (victory ship)". World War II in the San Francisco Bay Area. National Park Service. Retrieved 2007-04-03.
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.
- Sampson, Shelby (30 June 2000). "National Register of Historic Places Registration Form / S.S. Red Oak Victory" (pdf). National Park Service. Retrieved 2012-10-16.
- "Accompanying Photos" (pdf). Retrieved 2012-10-16.
- SS Red Oak Victory website
- Red Oak Victory Historic Naval Ships Association
- Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) No. CA-326-F, "Rosie the Riveter National Historical Park, SS RED OAK VICTORY, Moored at end of Dornan Drive, Pt. Richmond, Richmond, Contra Costa County, CA"