SS Republic (1872)

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SS Republic
Name: Republic (1871–c.1889)
Maasdam (c.1889–1902)
Vittoria (1902)
Citta di Napoli (1902–)
Owner: White Star Line (1871–c.1889)
Holland America Line (c.1889–1902)
La Veloce (1902–)
Builder: Harland and Wolff
Launched: 4 July 1871
Maiden voyage: 1 February 1872
Fate: Scrapped 1910
General characteristics
Type: Ocean liner
Tonnage: 3,984 GT
Length: 420 ft (130 m)
Beam: 41 ft (12 m)
Installed power: Steam
Propulsion: Single screw, sail
White Star Line logo and house flag

SS Republic was an ocean liner built in 1871 by Harland and Wolff for the White Star Line. She was originally intended to be named Arctic, but the name was changed before launching.

Republic had a length of 420 feet (130 m) and a beam of 41 feet (12 m), with a gross tonnage of 3,984 tons. She was both steam and sail powered, with four masts, a single funnel and a single screw. There were initially accommodations for 166 first class passengers and over 1,000 steerage passengers.

Republic was launched on 4 July 1871, and set sail on her maiden voyage from Liverpool to New York City on 1 February 1872. She worked this route uneventfully for seventeen years, with the final voyage departing on 16 January 1889.

White Star then sold Republic to Holland America Line who renamed her Maasdam and sent her to G. Forrester & Co., Liverpool, for re-engining and refitting. When completed, Maasdam could accommodate 150 in first class, 60 in second and 800 in steerage. She began sailing between Rotterdam and New York on 15 March 1890. Nine years later, with the changing market, Maasdam was again refitted to carry second and steerage class passengers only, continuing on the Rotterdam-New York route until 6 March 1902.

She was then sold to an Italian shipping company and renamed Vittoria, and later in 1902, she was sold again to La Veloce of Genoa and renamed Citta di Napoli. Another refitting at this time configured her to carry 1,424 steerage class passengers for the immigrant trade, and she began sailings on 30 September between Genoa, Naples and New York. She plied this trade until 27 April 1907. After being laid up, she was sold in 1908 and lingered on for two more years until being scrapped in 1910 at Genoa.