SS Sierra Ventana (I)

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Hospital ship “Sierra Ventana”
German hospital ship Sierra Ventana
Career
Name: Sierra Ventana (1912-20)
Alba (1920-26)
Amérique (1926-36)
Owner: North German Lloyd (1912-14, 1918-20)
German Admiralty (1914-18)
Cie. de Navigation Sud-Atlantique (1920-26)
Chargeurs Réunis (1926-36)
Builder: Bremer Vulkan AG, Vegesack
Yard number: 559
Launched: 12 October 1912
Commissioned: 21 December 1912
Maiden voyage: 18 January 1913
In service: 1912–1936
Fate: Scrapped in 1936
General characteristics
Tonnage: 8,262 gross register tons (GRT)
Length: 140.00 m (459.32 ft)
Beam: 17.00 m (55.77 ft)
Draught: 10.82 m (35.5 ft)
Propulsion: Two four-cylinder triple expansion engines, twin screws
Speed: 13 knots (24 km/h)
Capacity: 119 first class
74 second class
1200 third class
Complement: 160 crew

Sierra Ventana was a steam ship originally built for North German Lloyd in 1912, but requisitioned for use as a hospital ship during the First World War. She was then given to France as war reparations and sailed under two further names before being scrapped in 1936.

History[edit]

Sierra Ventana was built at the yards of the German company Bremer Vulkan at Vegesack for North German Lloyd, one of the four-ship Sierra class for the South America run,[1] and was launched on 12 October 1912.[2] She set out on her maiden voyage from Bremerhaven to La Plata on 18 January 1913.[3] Sierra Ventana was chartered by the German Admiralty on 26 August 1914 and converted into a hospital ship.[3][4] On 19 November 1918 she was returned to the North German Lloyd.[3] On 5 February 1919, she was impounded at Cherbourg while transporting former prisoners,[2] and on 26 January 1920, transferred as reparations to France; she was operated by the Compagnie de Navigation Sud-Atlantique of Bordeaux as Alba.[3][5] In 1926 she was purchased by Chargeurs Réunis and renamed Amérique; she operated on the mail run to Africa.[2] In 1936 she was scrapped at Blyth.[2][3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Georg Bessell, Norddeutscher Lloyd, 1857–1957: Geschichte einer bremischen Reederei, Bremen: Schünemann, [1957], OCLC 3187889, p. 107 (German)
  2. ^ a b c d Edwin Drechsel, Norddeutscher Lloyd Bremen, 1857–1970: History, Fleet, Ship Mails, volume 1 Vancouver: Cordillera, 1994, ISBN 978-1-895590-08-1, p. 398.
  3. ^ a b c d e Arnold Kludas, Die Geschichte der deutschen Passagierschiffahrt volume 3 Sprunghaftes Wachstum, 1900 bis 1914, Schriften des Deutschen Schiffahrtsmuseums 20, Hamburg: Kabel, 1988, ISBN 978-3-8225-0039-2, p. 91 (German)
  4. ^ Bessell, p. 131.
  5. ^ Bessell, p. 210.

External links[edit]