SS Zealandic (1911)

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Zealandic.jpg
SS Zealandic
Career ( United Kingdom) White Star flaga.svg White Star Line
Name: Zealandic
Mamillius (?–1936)
Mamari III (1936–39)
Fleet Tender C (1939–41)
Owner: White Star flaga.svg White Star Line
Admiralty (1939–41)
Port of registry: United Kingdom Liverpool, United Kingdom
Route: Liverpool to Wellington
Builder: Harland and Wolff yards in Belfast, Ireland
Yard number: 421
Launched: 29 June 1911
Christened: 29 June 1911
Completed: 12 October 1911
Maiden voyage: 30 October 1911
Fate: struck wreck off Cromer on 3rd June 1941 and then torpedoed by E-boat.
General characteristics
Class & type: Twin-screw ocean liner
Tonnage: 8,090 gross register tons (GRT)
Length: 477.5 ft (145.5 m)
Beam: 63.1 ft (19.2 m)
Height: 31 ft (9.4 m)
Decks: 4
Installed power: 995 n.h.p.
Propulsion: 2 x four cylinder quadruple expansion
Notes: Carrying capacity: 100 First Class, 800 Steerage Class and 45 Second Class

SS Zealandic was a British ocean liner initially operated by White Star Line. She was used both as a passenger liner and a cargo ship as well as serving during both world wars.

Having been used as a decoy for the British aircraft carrier HMS Hermes she was sunk en route to the dock where she was to be converted back to cargo use.

History[edit]

The Zealandic was constructed by Harland and Wolff in Belfast and launched on 29 June 1911. Her maiden voyage took place four months later on 30 October 1911, from Liverpool to Wellington, New Zealand. She was used in joint service with the Shaw Savill and Albion Line for the Liverpool to Wellington route. During one such voyage on 22 January 1913, Zealandic departed Wellington with a then record cargo of exported wool, while also being chartered as an immigrant carrier by the Australian government.[1]

First World War[edit]

On 2 July 1915 she had a close encounter with German submarine U-39 which pursued her; the ship's speed enabled her to escape.[1] She remained in White Star Line service on the route until 1917 when, due to the First World War, she was commandeered by the Royal Navy for the transportation of troops. On 15 June 1919, she was released from military service and returned to the White Star Line but was re-routed through the Panama Canal[why?].[1]

Between the wars[edit]

The ship was awarded a £6,350 sum following the successful rescue of the disabled sailing vessel Garthsnaid in 1923, towing her to safety between Cape Howe and Melbourne.[1]

The Aberdeen Line purchased Zealandic in 1926 and subsequently renamed her the Mamilius. The ship was later transferred back to Shaw Savill and Albion in 1932, taking on another name, the Mamari.[2] When White Star line merged with Cunard in 1934 she served on Shaw, Savill & Albion's Australian route, bearing the name Mamari III.

Second World War[edit]

The ship was sold once again in September 1939, to the Admiralty, for military service during the Second World War and was refitted to be disguised as a decoy version of the British carrier HMS Hermes.[1] In this form she carried the name "Fleet Tender C". This was to be the last use of the ship as on 4 June 1941, while on course for Chatham Docks in Kent to be converted back to a cargo vessel, she was attacked by German aircraft off the English coast near Cromer, Norfolk. While trying to evade the attack she struck a submerged wreck (the Ahamo at 53-22N, 0-59E which had struck a mine on 8 April that year) and ran aground. She was intended to be salvaged and refloated; however, before this was possible the beached ship was torpedoed by German E-boats. The crew were taken off by a tug and landed at Grimsby.[3]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Zealandic". Titanic-Titanic.com. Retrieved 2011-02-02. 
  2. ^ "Zealandic". The Fleets. The Ships List. 16 July 2006. Retrieved 2011-02-02. 
  3. ^ June 1941, Naval History (Patriot Files) 

References[edit]

  • Zealandic, Great Ships, "citing sources: Haws' Merchant Fleets; Anderson's White Star; de Kerbrech's; The Shaw Savill Line; Moss and Hume's Shipbuilders to the World." 

External links[edit]