STS-100

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STS-100
Lanzamiento sts-100.jpg
The launch of STS-100
Mission type ISS assembly/logistics
Operator NASA
COSPAR ID 2001-016A
SATCAT № 26747
Mission duration 11 days, 21 hours, 31 minutes, 14 seconds
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft Space Shuttle Endeavour
Launch mass 103,506 kilograms (228,192 lb)
Landing mass 99,742 kilograms (219,893 lb)
Payload mass 4,899 kilograms (10,800 lb)
Crew
Crew size 7
Members Kent V. Rominger
Jeffrey S. Ashby
Chris Hadfield
John L. Phillips
Scott E. Parazynski
Umberto Guidoni
Yuri Lonchakov
EVAs 2
EVA duration 14 hours, 50 minutes
Start of mission
Launch date 19 April 2001, 18:40:42 (2001-04-19UTC18:40:42Z) UTC
Launch site Kennedy LC-39A
End of mission
Landing date 1 May 2001, 16:11:56 (2001-05-01UTC16:11:57Z) UTC
Landing site Edwards Runway 22[1]
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Low Earth
Perigee 331 kilometres (206 mi)[2]
Apogee 375 kilometres (233 mi)[2]
Inclination 51.5 deg[2]
Period 91.59 minutes[2]
Epoch 21 April 2001
Docking with ISS
Docking port PMA-2
(Destiny forward)
Docking date 21 April 2001, 13:59 UTC
Undocking date 29 April 2001, 17:34 UTC
Time docked 8 days, 3 hours, 35 minutes

STS-100 patch.svg STS-100 crew.jpg
Left to right: Front row - Lonchakov, Rominger (commander), Guidoni, Ashby (pilot), Phillips; Back row - Parazynski, Hadfield


Space Shuttle program
← STS-102 STS-104

STS-100 was a Space Shuttle mission to the International Space Station (ISS) flown by Space Shuttle Endeavour. STS-100 installed the ISS Canadarm2 robotic arm.

Crew[edit]

Position Astronaut
Commander Kent V. Rominger
Fifth spaceflight
Pilot Jeffrey S. Ashby
Second spaceflight
Mission Specialist 1 Chris Hadfield, CSA
Second spaceflight
Mission Specialist 2 John L. Phillips
First spaceflight
Mission Specialist 3 Scott E. Parazynski
Fourth spaceflight
Mission Specialist 4 Umberto Guidoni, ESA
Second spaceflight
Mission Specialist 5 Yuri Lonchakov, RKA
First spaceflight

Mission highlights[edit]

The highest priority objectives of the flight were the installation, activation and checkout of the Canadarm2 robotic arm on the station. The operation of the arm is critical to the capability to continue assembly of the International Space Station, and was also necessary to attach a new airlock to the station on the subsequent shuttle flight, mission STS-104. A final component of the Canadarm is the Mobile Base System (MBS), installed on board the station during the STS-111 flight.

Other major objectives for Endeavour’s mission were to berth the Raffaello logistics module to the station, activate it, transfer cargo between Raffaello and the station, and reberth Raffaello in the shuttle's payload bay. Raffaello is the second of three Italian Space Agency-developed Multi-Purpose Logistics Module that were launched to the station. The Leonardo module was launched and returned on the previous shuttle flight, STS-102, in March.

Remaining objectives included the transfer of other equipment to the station such as an Ultra-High Frequency communications antenna and a spare electronics component to be attached to the exterior during space walks. Finally, the transfer of supplies and water for use aboard the station, the transfer of experiments and experiment racks to the complex, and the transfer of items for return to Earth from the station to the shuttle were among the objectives.

Endeavour also boosted the station's altitude and perform a flyaround survey of the complex, including recording views of the station with an IMAX cargo bay camera.

All objectives were completed without incident, and reentry and landing happened uneventfully on 1 May 2001.

During this mission, astronaut Chris Hadfield made the first spacewalk by a Canadian.[3]

Illustration of the International Space Station during STS-100 
STS-100 Crew as they prepare to ride over to the shuttle just hours before the launch 
STS-100's engines ignite 
STS-100 Liftoff 

Spacewalks[edit]

EVA Spacewalkers Start (UTC) End Duration
EVA 1 Scott Parazynski
Chris Hadfield
22 April 2001
11:45
22 April 2001
18:55
7 hours 10 minutes
Parazynski and Hadfield deployed a UHF antenna on the Destiny lab. After that, the pair began installing the Canadarm2. Parazynski and Hadfield encountered a problem ensuring the proper torque was applied to the bolt. The pair switched the Pistol Grip Tool (PGT) to manual mode and attempted again successfully.

Hadfield experienced severe eye irritation during the spacewalk due to the anti-fog solution used to polish his spacesuit visor, temporarily blinding him and forcing him to vent oxygen into space. Other astronauts experienced a similar problem on subsequent spacewalks.[3]

EVA 2 Parazynski
Hadfield
24 April 2001
12:34
24 April 2001
20:14
7 hours 40 minutes
Connected Power and Data Grapple Fixture (PDGF) circuits for the new arm on Destiny. Removed an early communications antenna and the transfer of a spare Direct Current Switching Unit (DCSU) from the shuttle's payload bay to an equipment storage rack on the outside of Destiny.

Wake-up calls[edit]

NASA began a tradition of playing music to astronauts during the Gemini program, which was first used to wake up a flight crew during Apollo 15.[4] Each track is specially chosen, often by their families, and usually has a special meaning to an individual member of the crew, or is applicable to their daily activities.[4][5]

Flight Day Song Artist/Composer Links
Day 2 "Then the Morning Comes" Smash Mouth wav mp3
Transcript
Day 3 "Danger Zone" Kenny Loggins from the soundtrack to Top Gun wav mp3
Transcript
Day 4 "Take It From Day to Day" Stan Rogers wav mp3
Transcript
Day 5 "Both Sides Now" Judy Collins wav mp3
Transcript
Day 6 "What a Wonderful World" Louis Armstrong wav mp3
Transcript
Day 7 "Con te Partirò" Andrea Bocelli wav mp3
Transcript
Day 8 "Behind the Fog" Russian Folk Singer wav mp3
Transcript
Day 9 "Buckaroo" Don Cain wav mp3
Transcript
Day 10 "Dangerous" The Arrogant Worms wav mp3
Transcript
Day 11 "Miles From Nowhere" Cat Stevens wav mp3
Transcript
Day 13 "True" Spandau Ballet wav mp3
Transcript

See also[edit]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

  1. ^ Wade, Mark. "STS-100". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 6 May 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 6 May 2013. 
  3. ^ a b Hadfield, Chris (2013). An Astronaut's Guide to Life on Earth: What Going to Space Taught Me About Ingenuity, Determination, and Being Prepared for Anything. New York City: Little, Brown and Company. pp. 86–96. ISBN 978-0-316-25301-7. LCCN 2013943519. 
  4. ^ a b Fries, Colin (25 June 2007). "Chronology of Wakeup Calls" (PDF). NASA. Retrieved 13 August 2007. 
  5. ^ NASA (11 May 2009). "STS-100 Wakeup Calls". NASA. Retrieved 31 July 2009. 

External links[edit]