STS-105

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
STS-105
STS-105 launches.jpg
The launch of STS-105
Mission type ISS crew rotation
Operator NASA
COSPAR ID 2001-035A
SATCAT № 26888
Mission duration 11 days, 21 hours, 13 minutes, 52 seconds
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft Space Shuttle Discovery
Launch mass 116,914 kilograms (257,751 lb)
Landing mass 100,824 kilograms (222,279 lb)
Payload mass 9,072 kilograms (20,000 lb)
Crew
Crew size 7
Members Scott J. Horowitz
Frederick W. Sturckow
Daniel T. Barry
Patrick G. Forrester
Launching Frank L. Culbertson, Jr.
Mikhail Turin
Vladimir N. Dezhurov
Landing Yury V. Usachev
James S. Voss
Susan J. Helms
EVAs 2
EVA duration 11 hours, 45 minutes
Start of mission
Launch date 10 August 2001, 21:10:14 (2001-08-10UTC21:10:14Z) UTC
Launch site Kennedy LC-39A
End of mission
Landing date 22 August 2001, 18:23 (2001-08-22UTC18:24Z) UTC
Landing site Kennedy SLF Runway 15
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Low Earth
Perigee 373 kilometres (232 mi)
Apogee 402 kilometres (250 mi)
Inclination 51.6 degrees
Period 92.3 minutes
Docking with ISS
Docking port PMA-2
(Destiny forward)
Docking date 12 August 2001 18:41 UTC
Undocking date 20 August 2001 14:51 UTC
Time docked 7 days, 20 hour, 9 minutes

Sts-105-patch.png STS-105 crew.jpg
Left to right. Centre group: Sturckow, Forrester, Barry, Horowitz. Top left (Expedition 2): Voss, Usachev, Helms. Top right (Expedition 3): Tyurin, Culbertson, Dezhurov


Space Shuttle program
← STS-104 STS-108

STS-105 was a mission of the Space Shuttle Discovery to the International Space Station, launched from Kennedy Space Center, Florida, 10 August 2001. This mission was Discovery's final mission until STS-114, because Discovery was grounded for a refit, and then all Shuttles were grounded in the wake of the Columbia disaster. The refit included an update of the flight deck to the glass cockpit layout, which was already installed on Atlantis and Columbia.

Crew[edit]

Position Launching Astronaut Landing Astronaut
Commander Scott J. Horowitz
Fourth spaceflight
Pilot Frederick W. Sturckow
Second spaceflight
Mission Specialist 1 Daniel T. Barry
Third spaceflight
Mission Specialist 2 Patrick G. Forrester
First spaceflight
Mission Specialist 3 Frank L. Culbertson, Jr.
Expedition 3
Third spaceflight
ISS Commander
Yury V. Usachev, RKA
Expedition 2
Fourth spaceflight
ISS Commander/ISS Soyuz Commander
Mission Specialist 4 Mikhail Turin, RKA
Expedition 3
First spaceflight
ISS Flight Engineer
James S. Voss
Expedition 2
Fifth spaceflight
ISS Flight Engineer
Mission Specialist 5 Vladimir N. Dezhurov, RKA
Expedition 3
Second spaceflight
ISS Soyuz Commander
[citation needed]
Susan J. Helms
Expedition 2
Fifth spaceflight
ISS Science Officer
[citation needed]

Space walks[edit]

  • Barry and Forrester – EVA 1
  • EVA 1 Start: 16 August 2001 – 13:58 UTC
  • EVA 1 End: 16 August 2001 – 20:14 UTC
  • Duration: 6 hours, 16 minutes
  • Barry and Forrester – EVA 2
  • EVA 2 Start: 18 August 2001 – 13:42 UTC
  • EVA 2 End: 18 August 2001 – 19:11 UTC
  • Duration: 5 hours, 29 minutes

Mission highlights[edit]

ICC STS-105 with EAS and MISSE

The main purpose of STS-105 was the rotation of the International Space Station crew and the delivery of supplies utilizing the Italian-built Multi Purpose Logistics Module (MPLM) Leonardo on its second flight (STS-102, STS-105). The crew also performed two spacewalks and conducted scientific experiments. The Multi Purpose Logistics Module (MLPM) taken on STS-105 contained additional scientific racks, equipment and supplies. It is 6.4 meters long (21 ft) and 4.6 meters (15 ft) in diameter) and weighs over 4,082 kilograms (8,999 lb). An identical module named Raffaello has flown twice (STS-100 and, later, STS-108).

Aboard Leonardo were six Resupply Stowage Racks, four Resupply Stowage Platforms, and two new scientific experiment racks for the station's U.S. laboratory Destiny. The two new science racks (EXPRESS Racks 4 and 5) added further science capability to the station. EXPRESS stands for Expedite the Processing of Experiments to the Space Station. EXPRESS Rack 4 weighs 533 kilograms (1,175 lb) and EXPRESS Rack 5 weighs 544 kilograms (1,199 lb). The empty weight of each EXPRESS rack is about 356 kilograms (785 lb). EXPRESS Racks 1 and 2A were delivered aboard the Raffaello cargo module during STS-100/6A in April 2001. EXPRESS Rack 3 was brought to the station during STS-111 in 2002.

The Resupply Stowage Racks and Resupply Stowage Platforms were filled with Cargo Transfer Bags that contain equipment and supplies for the station. The six Resuppply Stowage Racks contained almost 1,451 kilograms (3,199 lb) of cargo and the four Resupply Stowage Platforms contained about 544 kilograms (1,199 lb) of cargo, not including the weight of the Cargo Transfer Bags, the foam packing around the cargo or the straps and fences that held the bags in place. The total weight of cargo, racks and packing material aboard Leonardo was just over 4,990 kilograms (11,000 lb). Total cargo weight was about 3,073 kilograms (6,775 lb).

Also carried in the payload bay was an Integrated Cargo Carrier (ICC) carrying the Early Ammonia Servicer and MISSE PECs 1 & 2.

Another payload onboard is the Materials International Space Station Experiments (MISSE). This project was a NASA/Langley Research Center-managed cooperative endeavor to fly materials and other types of space exposure experiments on the space station. The objective was to develop early, low-cost, non-intrusive opportunities to conduct critical space exposure tests of space materials and components planned for use on future spacecraft. Johnson Space Center, Marshall Space Flight Center, Glenn Research Center, the Materials Laboratory at the Air Force Research Laboratory and Boeing Phantom Works were participants with Langley in the project. The MISSE experiments were the first externally mounted experiments conducted on the ISS. The experiments were in four Passive Experiment Containers (PECs) that were initially developed and used for an experiment on Mir in 1996 during the Shuttle-Mir Program. The PECs were transported to Mir on STS-76. After an 18-month exposure in space, they were retrieved on STS-86. PECs are suitcase-like containers for transporting experiments via the space shuttle to and from an orbiting spacecraft. Once on orbit and clamped to the host spacecraft, the PECs are opened and serve as racks to expose experiments to the space environment.

Other payloads onboard were part of the Goddard Space Flight Center's Wallops Flight Facility Shuttle Small Payloads Project. The SSPP system utilizes payload carrier systems such as the Hitchhiker, Getaway Specials and Space Experiment Modules to provide a low cost scientific research environment. SSPP payloads on STS-105 include the Hitchhiker payload Simplesat, The Cell Growth in Microgravity GAS Canister (G-708), the Microgravity Smoldering Combustion experiment (MSC), and the Hitchiker Experiment Advancing Technology Space Experiment Module-10 payload).

Attempt Planned Result Turnaround Reason Decision point Weather go (%) Notes
1 9 Aug 2001, 5:37:46 pm scrubbed --- weather [1]
2 10 Aug 2001, 5:10:14 pm success 0 days, 23 hours, 32 minutes [2]

Wake-up calls[edit]

NASA began a tradition of playing music to astronauts during the Gemini program, which was first used to wake up a flight crew during Apollo 15.[3] Each track is specially chosen, often by their families, and usually has a special meaning to an individual member of the crew, or is applicable to their daily activities.[3][4]

Flight Day Song Artist/Composer Links
Day 2 "Back in the Saddle Again" Gene Autry wav[dead link] mp3[dead link]
Transcript[dead link]
Day 3 "The White Eagle" traditional Russian folk song wav[dead link] mp3[dead link]
Transcript[dead link]
Day 4 Overture from The Barber of Seville Rossini wav[dead link] mp3[dead link]
Transcript[dead link]
Day 5 "Arthur's Theme" (Best That You Can Do) Christopher Cross wav[dead link] mp3[dead link]
Transcript[dead link]
Day 6 "Big Boy Toys" Aaron Tippin wav[dead link] mp3[dead link]
Transcript[dead link]
Day 7 "The Marvelous Toy" Tom Paxton wav[dead link] mp3[dead link]
Transcript[dead link]
Day 8 "Time Bomb" Patrick and Andrew wav[dead link] mp3[dead link]
Transcript[dead link]
Day 9 "Hotel California" The Eagles wav[dead link] mp3[dead link]
Transcript[dead link]
Day 10 "Under the Boardwalk" The Drifters wav[dead link] mp3[dead link]
Transcript[dead link]
Day 11 "Brand New Day" Sting wav[dead link] mp3[dead link]
Transcript[dead link]
Day 12 "East Bound and Down" Jerry Reed wav[dead link] mp3[dead link]
Transcript[dead link]
Day 13 "Again" Lenny Kravitz wav[dead link] mp3[dead link]
Transcript[dead link]

Media[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Shuttle Discovery refueled for second launch attempt". CBS News. Retrieved 30 August 2009. 
  2. ^ "Shuttle Discovery thunders into orbit". CBS News. Retrieved 30 August 2009. 
  3. ^ a b Fries, Colin (25 June 2007). "Chronology of Wakeup Calls" (PDF). NASA. Retrieved 13 August 2007. 
  4. ^ NASA (11 May 2009). "STS-105 Wakeup Calls". NASA. Retrieved 31 July 2009. 

External links[edit]