STS-124

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STS-124
STS-124 launch closeup.jpg
Discovery launches with Kibo
Mission type ISS assembly
Operator NASA
COSPAR ID 2008-027A
SATCAT № 32960
Mission duration 13 days, 18 hours, 13 minutes 7 seconds
Distance travelled 9,230,622.6 kilometers (5,735,643.0 mi)
Orbits completed 217
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft Space Shuttle Discovery
Launch mass 122,072 kilograms (269,123 lb)
Landing mass 92,220 kilograms (203,320 lb)
Crew
Crew size 7
Members Mark E. Kelly
Kenneth T. Ham
Karen L. Nyberg
Ronald J. Garan, Jr.
Michael E. Fossum
Akihiko Hoshide
Launching Gregory E. Chamitoff
Landing Garret E. Reisman
Start of mission
Launch date 31 May 2008, 21:02:12 (2008-05-31UTC21:02:12Z) UTC[1]
Launch site Kennedy LC-39A
End of mission
Landing date 14 June 2008, 15:15:19 (2008-06-14UTC15:15:20Z) UTC[2]
Landing site Kennedy SLF Runway 15
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Low Earth
Perigee 328 kilometres (177 nmi)
Apogee 307 kilometres (166 nmi)
Inclination 51.6 degrees
Period 91 minutes
Docking with ISS
Docking port PMA-2
(Harmony forward)
Docking date 2 June 2008, 18:03 UTC
Undocking date 11 June 2008, 11:42 UTC
Time docked 8 days, 17 hours, 39 minutes

STS-124 patch.svg Sts124crew.jpg
From left to right: Chamitoff, Fossum, Ham, Kelly, Nyberg, Garan and Hoshide


Space Shuttle program
← STS-123 STS-126

STS-124 was a Space Shuttle mission, flown by Space Shuttle Discovery to the International Space Station. Discovery launched on 31 May 2008 at 17:02 EDT, moved from an earlier scheduled launch date of 25 May 2008,[3] and landed safely at the Kennedy Space Center's Shuttle Landing Facility, at 11:15 EDT on 14 June 2008. The mission is also referred to as ISS-1J by the ISS program.

Crew[edit]

Position[4] Launching Astronaut Landing Astronaut
Commander Mark E. Kelly
Third spaceflight
Pilot Kenneth T. Ham
First spaceflight
Mission Specialist 1 Karen L. Nyberg
First spaceflight
Mission Specialist 2 Ronald J. Garan, Jr.
First spaceflight
Mission Specialist 3 Michael E. Fossum
Second spaceflight
Mission Specialist 4 Akihiko Hoshide, JAXA
First spaceflight
Mission Specialist 5 Gregory E. Chamitoff
Expedition 17
First spaceflight
ISS Flight Engineer
Garret E. Reisman
Expedition 17
First spaceflight
ISS Flight Engineer

Crew notes[edit]

  • Stephen G. Bowen was originally assigned to STS-124 but was moved to STS-126 to allow this mission to rotate an ISS crew member.[5] Bowen was scheduled to perform the EVAs on the flight along with Fossum. Garan took his place for the EVAs.

Commander Kelly discusses the crew[edit]

A crane lowers Discovery toward the external tank and SRBs in high bay 3 of the Vehicle Assembly Building for STS-124.

"I’m really fortunate to be given the crew members that I have on this mission. It’s myself and six others. We do swap one of our crew members with the expedition crew member on board. So Greg goes up, Greg stays on station and Garrett comes home. But the crew that was assigned to me—I’m really fortunate to have some really talented people. Ken Ham, as a pilot, knows the orbiter better than anybody I’ve seen. This is his first flight. My lead EVA crew member is Mike Fossum who did three spacewalks on my previous flight, STS-121. We’ve flown together before. I have all the confidence in the world in his ability to execute these EVAs. Karen Nyberg, my MS1, sits on the flight deck for ascent and entry. She’s also the lead for all the robotic arm operations. She’ll be flying three robotic arms in space, incredibly motivated, well ahead of the game and I expect great things from her. Ron Garan is my flight engineer, a colonel in the Air Force. This is going to be his first time in space as well as is Karen’s and Ken’s and he’s doing three spacewalks. So he's got a lot on his plate. He’s been doing great during training and he’s going to have the opportunity to prove himself during these three spacewalks. I kind of wish it was me getting to go outside. I can’t do that, but we expect great things from Ron as well. And then I have Aki Hoshide, our Japanese crew member, who grew up in New Jersey kind of like me. That’s an interesting thing about our flight—we have four people from New Jersey on the mission. I look at Aki as the payload commander. He is responsible for that Japanese laboratory and he has taken on that responsibility as completely as I could have hoped for. All through our training he’s been very much focused on the Japanese lab, making sure it’s ready to go, making sure we’re completely trained on the systems and everything we have to do. I’ve given him a lot of responsibility and he’s completely taken it on."[6]

Mission payloads[edit]

JEM PM Kibō on ISS after STS-124
JEM Kibō Pressurized Module in assembly

STS-124 delivered the Pressurized Module (PM) of the Japanese Experiment Module (JEM), called Kibō, to the International Space Station (ISS). Kibō was berthed to the Harmony module and the pressurized section of the JEM Experiment Logistics Module, brought up by the STS-123 crew, was moved from Harmony to the JEM-PM. The Japanese Remote Manipulator System, a robotic arm, was also delivered by STS-124 and attached to Kibō. The entire Kibō laboratory is being brought up over three missions.

Discovery carried with it replacement parts in a mid-deck locker for a malfunctioning toilet on the International Space Station. The crew had been using other facilities for waste until the new replacement parts were installed on the Zvezda module of the ISS.

Flying with the STS-124 crew was an action figure of Buzz Lightyear, a fictional character in the Toy Story franchise. Ken Ham, pilot of the STS-124 mission, brought with him episodes of ESPN Radio's Mike and Mike in the Morning, and a plastic microphone stand with the ESPN logo on it. Along with those, a yellow jersey from Lance Armstrong's record-setting seven victories at the Tour de France bicycle race, the backup jersey Eli Manning took to the Super Bowl, and the last jersey that American Major League Baseball's Craig Biggio wore in a game were placed inside the orbiter's lockers.[9]

With the completion of STS-124, the next permanent pressurized module would not be delivered to the ISS by a Space Shuttle until STS-130 brought up Tranquility in February 2010.

Mission background[edit]

The mission marked:[10]

  • 154th NASA manned spaceflight
  • 123rd space shuttle flight since STS-1
  • 98th post-Challenger mission
  • 10th post-Columbia mission
  • 11th flight remaining in the shuttle program
  • 26th flight to the ISS
  • 35th flight for shuttle Discovery
  • 3rd shuttle mission in 2008

Shuttle Processing[edit]

Space Shuttle Discovery lifts off on mission STS-124.

On 26 April 2008 Discovery was rolled over to the Vehicle Assembly Building (VAB) from its processing bay in the Orbiter Processing Facility. Once in the VAB it was lifted vertically and mated with its external tank and solid rocket boosters on 28 April 2008. At the end of a week long prep schedule on 2 May 2008 at 23:47 EDT the stack was rolled out to launch pad 39A on top the Mobile Launch Platform. Carried by the Crawler Transporter, Discovery arrived and was secured at LC-39A on 3 May 2008 at 06:06 EDT. The payload canister containing the JEM was rolled out to the Payload Changeout Room at the pad on 29 April 2008 and was later installed into Discovery's payload bay on 5 May 2008. The STS-124 crew arrived at Kennedy Space Center on 6 May 2008 for the 3-day Terminal Countdown Demonstration Test and returned to Johnson Space Center on 9 May 2008 after completion of the launch dress rehearsal. After many flight readiness review tests, Discovery was given a go for a 31 May 2008 launch. Discovery launched on 31 May 2008 at 21:02 UTC. The following is the expected timeline and is subject to change.

Mission timeline[edit]

31 May (Flight day 1, Launch)[edit]

STS-124 launch viewed from spoil islands.

The Space Shuttle Discovery launched from the Kennedy Space Center at 17:02 EDT local time. Debris from the fuel tank was minimal.[11]

"While we've all prepared for this event today, the discoveries from Kibo will definitely offer hope for tomorrow," said Discovery's commander Mark Kelly just before launch. "Now stand by for the greatest show on Earth."[12]

Launch pad damage[edit]

One of the trenches at launch pad 39A that channels flames away from the shuttle during lift-off was significantly damaged.[13] The subsequent mishap investigation found that the damage was the result of carbonation of epoxy and corrosion of steel anchors which held the refractory bricks in place. These had been exacerbated by the fact that hydrochloric acid is an exhaust by-product of the solid rocket boosters.[14] Repairs to the trench were completed before the STS-125 mission's then scheduled launch attempt on 8 October 2008.[15] In fact STS-125 finally launched in May 2009, and in the meantime STS-126 (November 2008) and STS-119 (March 2009) had both been successfully launched from pad 39A.

1 June (Flight day 2)[edit]

During the first full day in space, Ham and Nyberg completed a limited inspection of the shuttle’s thermal protection system using the end effector camera of the shuttle’s robotic arm. The crew also installed the centerline camera and extended the orbiter’s docking system ring to prepare Discovery' for arrival at the space station.[16]

2 June (Flight day 3)[edit]

Discovery docked with the space station at 18:03 pm UTC and the hatches opened at 19:36 UTC. Greg Chamitoff officially joined the Expedition 17 crew, replacing Garrett Reisman.[17]

3 June (Flight day 4)[edit]

Ron Garan on the mission's second space walk, flight day 6.

Mike Fossum and Ron Garan completed a six hour, forty-eight minute spacewalk at 23:10 UTC. During the excursion, the pair retrieved the Orbiter Boom Sensor System, serviced and inspected components of a Solar Alpha Rotary Joint and prepared the JEM-PS component of the Kibō laboratory for installation. Karen Nyberg and Akihiko Hoshide, using the station’s robotic arm, removed the JEM-PS from the shuttle’s payload bay and latched it in place on the Harmony node, completing the task at 23:01 UTC.[18]

4 June (Flight day 5)[edit]

The Kibo module as seen from inside Space Shuttle Discovery.

The hatch to the Kibō lab was opened at 21:05 UTC. The crew also repaired the malfunctioning ISS toilet.[19]

5 June (Flight day 6)[edit]

The crew of STS-124 inside the pressurized Kibo module.

Fossum and Garan completed the second STS-124 spacewalk. The 7-hour, 11-minute excursion ended at 22:15 UTC.[20] Prior to heading outside spacewalker Garan stated "Mike and I are getting ready to go out the door for our second spacewalk today. It's going to be a wonderful day."[21]

6 June (Flight day 7)[edit]

The crew moved the Kibo Logistics Module from Harmony to the Pressurized Module.[22]

7 June (Flight day 8)[edit]

Ron Garan works outside the Columbus lab.

Hoshide and Nyberg moved two of the six joints on the Japanese Kibō lab's robotic arm for the first time, maneuvering them very slightly with a series of commands.[23] With the mission at its midpoint astronaut Karen Nyberg commented that "the week has gone way too fast."[24]

8 June (Flight day 9)[edit]

Astronaut Karen Nyberg on flight day 11.

Fossum and Garan conducted the third and final spacewalk, replacing an empty nitrogen tank and collecting a sample of debris from the solar array.[25]

9 June (Flight day 10)[edit]

Kibō's robot arm was extended to its full 33 feet, with all six joints tested. The astronauts also opened the hatch to the Kibō's storage unit.[26]

10 June (Flight day 11)[edit]

The shuttle closed the hatch connecting it to the space station at 19:49 UTC.[27]

"It's amazing what's going on up here," said Chamitoff. "This is just the beginning. Overall, the mission's been a great success," said Kelly from space. "I certainly have a great crew and they're well trained, but there's also a little luck involved."[28]

11 June (Flight day 12)[edit]

Discovery undocked from the International Space Station's Harmony Module, at 11:42 UTC. Discovery then conducted a fly-by of the ISS, so pictures could be taken. Saying goodbye to the ISS and its crew, commander Kelly said "We wish them the best with their expedition and we hope we left them a better, more capable space station than when we arrived. Sayonara."[29]

Afterwards the crew of Discovery conducted the late inspection of the shuttle's Thermal Protection System that was unable to be performed as usual on Flight Day 2, due to the size of the Kibo Pressurized Module.[30]

12 June (Flight day 13)[edit]

Flight day 13 was a rare off-duty day. The only major projects were stowage of the Orbiter Boom Sensor System (OBSS) and an orbit adjustment burn.

During the day, pilot Kenneth Ham conducted an interview with Mike Greenberg and Mike Golic of ESPN, to be aired on their radio show, Mike and Mike in the Morning, the following morning on ESPN Radio and ESPN2.

13 June (Flight day 14)[edit]

The crew conducted routine testing of the steering jets and an examination of the flight control system. During these tests, a shiny object was noticed trailing the shuttle. This was identified as a thermal clip from the shuttle's rudder speed brake, and should pose no danger during landing.[31]

14 June (Flight day 15, Landing)[edit]

Space Shuttle Discovery lands

The crew worked through their lengthy list of deorbit preparations, which continued for most of the day. They closed the payload bay doors at 11:30 UTC, which took place without incident. All of Discovery's systems were nominal, and with the weather looking very good at KSC the deorbit burn took place on schedule at 14:10 UTC for landing on runway 15 at 15:15 UTC.[30]

At 12:00 UTC, the decision was made to use runway 15 rather than 33. This decision was made based on the sun glare that would be present on the Commander's window as he lined up Discovery with the runway.

Extra-vehicular activity[edit]

Three spacewalks were scheduled and completed during STS-124.[32] The cumulative time in extra-vehicular activity during the mission was 20 hours and 32 minutes.

EVA Spacewalkers Start (UTC) End (UTC) Duration
EVA 1 Ronald J. Garan, Jr.
Michael E. Fossum
3 June 2008
16:22
3 June 2008
23:10
6 hours, 48 minutes
Released straps on the shuttle's robotic arm elbow joint camera, transferred the OBSS back to shuttle. Prepared the Japanese Experiment Module, Pressurized Module (JEM-PM), named Kibo, for installation. Replaced a trundle bearing assembly on the starboard Solar Alpha Rotary Joint, and inspected damage on the SARJ.[33][34]
EVA 2 Garan
Fossum
5 June 2008
15:04
5 June 2008
22:15
7 hours, 11 minutes
Installed covers and external equipment to Kibo, prepared for the relocation of ELM-PS. Prepared a nitrogen tank assembly for removal, and the new tank was stowed on an External Stowage Platform to prepare for installation. Removed a television camera with failed power supply.[35]
EVA 3 Fossum
Garan
8 June 2008
13:55
8 June 2008
20:28
6 hours, 33 minutes
Removed and replaced the starboard nitrogen tank assembly. Finished outfitting the Kibo laboratory. Reinstalled a television camera with a repaired power supply.[35]

Wake-up calls[edit]

NASA began a tradition of playing music to astronauts during the Gemini program, which was first used to wake up a flight crew during Apollo 15. Each track is specially chosen, often by their families, and usually has a special meaning to an individual member of the crew, or is applicable to their daily activities.[36]

Flight Day Song Artist/Composer Played for Links
Day 2 Your Wildest Dreams the Moody Blues Kenneth Ham WAV MP3
TRANSCRIPT
Day 3 Away from Home José Molina Serrano Greg Chamitoff WAV MP3
TRANSCRIPT
Day 4 Hold Me with the Robot Arm Yusuke Hanawa Akihiko Hoshide WAV MP3
TRANSCRIPT
Day 5 Have You Ever Brandi Carlile Karen Nyberg WAV MP3
TRANSCRIPT
Day 6 Fly Away Lenny Kravitz Ron Garan WAV MP3
TRANSCRIPT
Day 7 Bright as Yellow Innocence Mission Karen Nyberg WAV MP3
TRANSCRIPT
Day 8 Taking Off Godaigo Akihiko Hoshide WAV MP3
TRANSCRIPT
Day 9 The Mickey Mouse Club March WAV MP3
TRANSCRIPT
Day 10 The Spirit of Aggieland the Fightin’ Texas Aggie Band Mike Fossum WAV MP3
TRANSCRIPT
Day 11 All Because of You U2 Ron Garan WAV MP3
TRANSCRIPT
Day 12 Centerfield John Fogerty Kenneth Ham WAV MP3
TRANSCRIPT
Day 13 Crystal Frontier Calexico Mark Kelly WAV MP3
TRANSCRIPT
Day 14 Baby, Won't You Please Come Home Louis Prima and Keely Smith Garrett Reisman WAV MP3
TRANSCRIPT
Day 15 Life on an Ocean Wave the US Merchant Marine Academy Band Mark Kelly WAV MP3
TRANSCRIPT

Contingency mission[edit]

STS-326 was the designation given to the Contingency Shuttle Crew Support mission which would have been launched in the event that Discovery became disabled during STS-124.[37] It would have been a modified version of the STS-126 mission of Endeavour, which would have involved the launch date being brought forward. The crew for this mission would have been a four-person subset of the full STS-126 crew,[37] namely:

Media[edit]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

  1. ^ "Mission Information – STS-124". NASA. 
  2. ^ "Page 19" (PDF). Retrieved 22 August 2010. 
  3. ^ NASA (2008). "NASA Updates Target Launch Date for Next Space Shuttle Flight". NASA. Retrieved 31 March 2008. 
  4. ^ NASA (2007). "NASA Assigns Crew for Shuttle Mission to Install Japanese Lab". NASA. Retrieved 30 October 2007. 
  5. ^ Stephen Withers (2007). "Crew assignments for space shuttle mission STS-126 have been revised following the resignation of an experienced astronaut.". iTWire. Retrieved 22 November 2007. 
  6. ^ "NASA – Preflight Interview: Mark Kelly, Commander". Nasa.gov. 20 June 2008. Retrieved 22 August 2010. 
  7. ^ CTV.ca Montreal-born astronaut brings bagels into space Sun. 1 June 2008 7:29 pm ET ; CTV National News – 1 June 2008 – 11pm TV newscast
  8. ^ The Gazette (Montreal), Here's proof: Montreal bagels are out of this world, IRWIN BLOCK, Tuesday 3 June 2008, Section A, Page A2
  9. ^ "Buzz Lightyear to Soar with Discovery". NASA. 29 May 2008. Retrieved 29 May 2008. 
  10. ^ "Space Shuttle Discovery Arrives at Launch Pad, Countdown Test Set". NASA. 
  11. ^ Discovery blasts off for space station
  12. ^ "SPACE.com – Shuttle Discovery Launches Space Station's Largest Lab". Retrieved 14 June 2008. 
  13. ^ "SPACE.com". Retrieved 10 July 2008. 
  14. ^ Lilley, Steve K. (August 2010). "Hit the Bricks". System Failure Case Studies (NASA) 4 (8): 1–4. Retrieved 20 July 2011. 
  15. ^ "NASA Image of the Day". Retrieved 10 July 2008. 
  16. ^ "STS-124 MCC Status Report No. 03". NASA. 
  17. ^ "STS-124 MCC Status Report No. 05". NASA. 
  18. ^ "STS-124 MCC Status Report No. 07". NASA. 
  19. ^ "STS-124 MCC Status report". Nasa.gov. Retrieved 22 August 2010. 
  20. ^ "STS-124 MCC status Report". Nasa.gov. Retrieved 22 August 2010. 
  21. ^ "SPACE.com – Astronauts to Add Camera Eyes to New Station Lab". Retrieved 14 June 2008. 
  22. ^ "STS-124 MCC status Report". Nasa.gov. Retrieved 22 August 2010. 
  23. ^ Shuttle astronauts prepare robot arm for 1st use[dead link]
  24. ^ "SPACE.com – Shuttle Crew Hits Mission Midpoint with Robot Arm Test". Retrieved 14 June 2008. 
  25. ^ Astronauts breeze through their 3rd spacewalk[dead link]
  26. ^ Astronauts wrap up space station work[dead link]
  27. ^ "STS-124 MCC Status Report #21". Retrieved 25 April 2010. 
  28. ^ "SPACE.com – Space Shuttle Flight a 'Great Success,' Astronauts Say". Retrieved 14 June 2008. 
  29. ^ "SPACE.com – Shuttle Discovery Undocks From Space Station". Retrieved 14 June 2008. 
  30. ^ a b "NASA – Space Shuttle". Retrieved 14 June 2008. 
  31. ^ "NASA identifies shiny object trailing shuttle". CNN. 13 June 2008. Retrieved 22 August 2010. 
  32. ^ "NASA Mission Summary, STS-124". NASA. 9 April 2008. Retrieved 9 April 2008. 
  33. ^ NASA (2008). "STS-124 EVA Briefing Graphics". NASA. Retrieved 6 October 2008. 
  34. ^ NASA (2008). "STS-124 MCC Status Report No. 07". NASA. Retrieved 6 October 2008. 
  35. ^ a b NASA (2008). "STS-124 MCC Status Report No. 11". NASA. Retrieved 6 October 2008. 
  36. ^ Fries, Colin (25 June 2007). "Chronology of Wakeup Calls" (PDF). NASA. Retrieved 13 August 2007. 
  37. ^ a b Bergin, Chris (15 April 2007). "NASA sets new launch date targets through to STS-124". NASASpaceflight. Retrieved 21 August 2007. 

External links[edit]