STS-46

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
STS-46
STS-46 EURECA deployment.jpg
EURECA deployment
Mission type Satellite deployment
Technology
Operator NASA
COSPAR ID 1992-049A
SATCAT № 22064
Mission duration 7 days, 23 hours, 15 minutes, 3 seconds[1]
Distance travelled 5,344,643 kilometres (3,321,007 mi)
Orbits completed 127
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft Space Shuttle Atlantis
Landing mass 94,676 kilograms (208,725 lb)
Payload mass 12,164 kilograms (26,817 lb)
Crew
Crew size 7
Members Loren J. Shriver
Andrew M. Allen
Claude Nicollier
Marsha S. Ivins
Jeffrey A. Hoffman
Franklin R. Chang-Diaz
Franco Malerba
Start of mission
Launch date 31 July 1992, 13:56:48 (1992-07-31UTC13:56:48Z) UTC
Launch site Kennedy LC-39A
End of mission
Landing date 8 August 1992, 13:11:50 (1992-08-08UTC13:11:51Z) UTC
Landing site Kennedy SLF Runway 33
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Low Earth
Perigee 425 kilometres (264 mi)
Apogee 437 kilometres (272 mi)
Inclination 28.45 degrees
Period 93.2 min

Sts-46-patch.png Sts-46 crew.jpg
Left to right - Seated: Allen, Shriver; Standing: Ivins, Nicollier, Hoffman, Chang-Diaz, Malerba


Space Shuttle program
← STS-50 STS-47

STS-46 was a NASA space shuttle mission using Space Shuttle Atlantis and launched on 31 July 1992 at 9:56:48 am EDT.

Crew[edit]

Position Astronaut
Commander Loren J. Shriver
Third spaceflight
Pilot Andrew M. Allen
First spaceflight
Mission Specialist 1 Claude Nicollier, ESA
First spaceflight
Mission Specialist 2 Marsha S. Ivins
Second spaceflight
Mission Specialist 3 Jeffrey A. Hoffman
Third spaceflight
Mission Specialist 4 Franklin R. Chang-Diaz
Third spaceflight
Payload Specialist 1 Franco Malerba, ASI
Only spaceflight

Backup crew[edit]

Position Astronaut
Payload Specialist 1 Umberto Guidoni, ASI

Crew seating arrangements[edit]

Seat[2] Launch Landing STS-121 seating assignments.png
Seats 1–4 are on the Flight Deck. Seats 5–7 are on the Middeck.
S1 Shriver Shriver
S2 Allen Allen
S3 Nicollier Hoffman
S4 Ivins Ivins
S5 Hoffman Nicollier
S6 Chang-Diaz Chang-Diaz
S7 Malerba Malerba

Mission highlights[edit]

The mission's primary objectives were the deployment of the European Space Agency's EURECA (European Retrievable Carrier) and the joint NASA/Italian Space Agency Tethered Satellite System (TSS). EURECA was deployed a day later than scheduled because of a problem with its data handling system. Seven and a half hours after deployment, the spacecraft's thrusters were fired to boost EURECA to its planned operating altitude of around 310 miles. However, thruster firing was cut to six minutes from 24 minutes because of unexpected attitude data from the spacecraft. The problem was resolved, and EURECA was successfully boosted to its operational orbit on the mission's sixth day. TSS deployment also was delayed one day because of the problems with EURECA. During deployment, the satellite reached a maximum distance of only 860 feet from the orbiter instead of the planned 12.5 miles because of a jammed tether line. After numerous attempts over several days to free the tether, TSS operations were curtailed, and the satellite was stowed for return to Earth. It would be reflown in 1996 on STS-75.

Secondary payloads included the Evaluation of Oxygen Integration with Materials/Thermal Management Processes (EOIM-III/TEMP 2A), Consortium for Materials Development in Space Complex Autonomous Payload (CONCAP II and CONCAP III), IMAX Cargo Bay Camera (ICBC), Limited Duration Space Environment Candidate Materials Exposure (LDCE), Air Force Maui Optical Site (AMOS), Pituitary Growth Hormone Cell Function (PHCF), and the Ultraviolet Plume Instrument (UVPI). The mission was extended by a day in order to complete scientific objectives.

STS-46 marked the 150th human spaceflight to achieve orbit.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "STS-46". NASA. Retrieved 4 March 2014. 
  2. ^ "STS-46". Spacefacts. Retrieved 4 March 2014. 

External links[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.