STS-5

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STS-5
SBS-3 with PAM-D stage.jpg
The SBS 3 satellite with attached PAM-D motor is deployed from Columbia
Mission type Satellite deployment
Operator NASA
COSPAR ID 1982-110A
SATCAT № 13650
Mission duration 5 days, 2 hours, 14 minutes, 26 seconds
Distance travelled 3,397,082 kilometers (2,110,849 mi)
Orbits completed 81
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft Space Shuttle Columbia
Launch mass 112,088 kilograms (247,112 lb)
Landing mass 91,841 kilograms (202,475 lb)
Payload mass 14,551 kilograms (32,079 lb)
Crew
Crew size 4
Members Vance D. Brand
Robert F. Overmyer
Joseph P. Allen
William B. Lenoir
Start of mission
Launch date November 11, 1982, 12:19:00 (1982-11-11UTC12:19Z) UTC
Launch site Kennedy LC-39A
End of mission
Landing date November 16, 1982, 14:33:26 (1982-11-16UTC14:33:27Z) UTC
Landing site Edwards Runway 22
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Low Earth
Perigee 294 kilometers (183 mi)
Apogee 317 kilometers (197 mi)
Inclination 28.5 degrees
Period 90.5 minutes
Epoch November 13, 1982[1]

STS-5 mission insignia.png Sts-5 crew.jpg
L-R Allen, Brand, Overmyer, Lenoir


Space Shuttle program
← STS-4 STS-6

STS-5 was the fifth NASA Space Shuttle mission and the fifth flight of the Space Shuttle Columbia. It launched on November 11, 1982 and landed five days later on November 16. STS-5 was the first shuttle mission to deploy communications satellites into orbit, and the first officially "operational" shuttle mission.

Crew[edit]

Position Astronaut
Commander Vance D. Brand
Second spaceflight
Pilot Robert F. Overmyer
First spaceflight
Mission Specialist 1 Joseph P. Allen
First spaceflight
Mission Specialist 2 William B. Lenoir
Only spaceflight

Support crew[edit]


Crew seating arrangements[edit]

Seat[2] Launch Landing STS-121 seating assignments.png
Seats 1–4 are on the Flight Deck. Seats 5–7 are on the Middeck.
S1 Brand Brand
S2 Overmyer Overmyer
S4 Lenoir Allen
S5 Allen Lenoir

Mission summary[edit]

Columbia launched on schedule from Kennedy Space Center (KSC) at 7:19 am EST, November 11, 1982. The shuttle carried a crew of four – the largest spacecraft crew up to that time – and the first two commercial communications satellites to be flown aboard a shuttle.

The commercial satellites were deployed successfully and subsequently propelled into their operational geosynchronous orbits by booster rockets. The two satellites were SBS 3, owned by Satellite Business Systems, and Anik C3, owned by Telesat Canada; both were Hughes-built HS-376-series satellites. In addition, STS-5 carried a West German-sponsored microgravity GAS experiment canister in the payload bay. The crew also conducted three student-designed experiments during the flight.

A planned spacewalk by Lenoir and Allen, the first of the Space Shuttle program, was postponed by one day after Lenoir became ill, and then had to be cancelled when the two spacesuits that were to be used developed problems.[3]

Columbia landed on Runway 22 at Edwards Air Force Base on November 16, 1982, at 6:33 am PST, having traveled 2 million miles in 81 orbits during a mission that lasted 5 days, 2 hours, 14 minutes and 26 seconds. Columbia was returned to KSC on November 22, 1982. STS-5 was the first shuttle flight in which the crew did not wear pressure suits for the launch, reentry, and landing portions of the flight, similar to the Soviet Voskhod and Soyuz missions prior to the ill-fated Soyuz 11 mission in 1971.

Operational status[edit]

The shuttle was formally declared "operational" after STS-4. However, the Columbia Accident Investigation Board (CAIB), in its report on the loss with all crew aboard of Columbia during STS-107 in 2003, asserted that the orbiter should never have been considered operational and that, while not intrinsically unsafe, it was in fact an experimental vehicle. The CAIB's rationale was that civilian and military aircraft that are considered operational must have been tested and proven over thousands of safe flights in their final operational configurations, whereas the shuttle had conducted under 200 flights, with continuous modification. NASA operated the Space Shuttle as an experimental vehicle for the remainder of the program.

Mission insignia[edit]

The five points of the blue star of the mission patch indicate the flight's numerical designation in the Space Transportation System's mission sequence.

Wake-up calls[edit]

NASA began a tradition of playing music to astronauts during the Gemini program, and first used music to wake up a flight crew during Apollo 15. Each track is specially chosen, often by the astronauts' families, and usually has a special meaning to an individual member of the crew, or is applicable to their daily activities.[4]

Flight Day Song Artist/Composer
Day 2 "76 Trombones" The Music Man
Day 3 "Cotton Eye Joe"
Day 4 "Marine Hymn"
Day 5 "The Stroll" The Diamonds/Clyde Otis
Day 6 "Take Me Home, Country Roads" John Denver

See also[edit]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

  1. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "SATCAT". Jonathan's Space Pages. Retrieved March 20, 2014. 
  2. ^ "STS-5". Spacefacts. Retrieved February 26, 2014. 
  3. ^ Harwood, William (February 10, 2008). "Mission controllers release revised flight plan". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved June 21, 2013. 
  4. ^ Fries, Colin (June 25, 2007). "Chronology of Wakeup Calls" (PDF). NASA. Retrieved August 13, 2007. 

External links[edit]