The SBS 3 satellite with attached PAM-D motor is deployed from Columbia
|Mission type||Satellite deployment|
|Mission duration||5 days, 2 hours, 14 minutes, 26 seconds|
|Distance travelled||3,397,082 kilometres (2,110,849 mi)|
|Spacecraft||Space Shuttle Columbia|
|Launch mass||112,088 kilograms (247,112 lb)|
|Landing mass||91,841 kilograms (202,475 lb)|
|Payload mass||14,551 kilograms (32,079 lb)|
|Members||Vance D. Brand
Robert F. Overmyer
Joseph P. Allen
William B. Lenoir
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||11 November 1982, 12:19:00UTC|
|Launch site||Kennedy LC-39A|
|End of mission|
|Landing date||16 November 1982, 14:33:26UTC|
|Landing site||Edwards Runway 22|
|Perigee||294 kilometres (183 mi)|
|Apogee||317 kilometres (197 mi)|
STS-5 was the fifth NASA Space Shuttle mission and the fifth flight of the Space Shuttle Columbia. It launched on 11 November 1982 and landed five days later on 16 November. STS-5 was the first shuttle mission to deploy communications satellites into orbit, and the first officially "operational" shuttle mission.
|Commander||Vance D. Brand
|Pilot||Robert F. Overmyer
|Mission Specialist 1||Joseph P. Allen
|Mission Specialist 2||William B. Lenoir
- Robert L. Stewart (ascent CAPCOM)
- Michael Coats
- Bryan D. O'Connor
- Jon McBride
- Roy D. Bridges (entry CAPCOM)
- Dick Covey
Columbia launched on schedule from Kennedy Space Center (KSC) at 7:19 am EST, 11 November 1982. The shuttle carried a crew of four – the largest spacecraft crew up to that time – and the first two commercial communications satellites to be flown aboard a shuttle.
The commercial satellites were deployed successfully and subsequently propelled into their operational geosynchronous orbits by booster rockets. The two satellites were SBS 3, owned by Satellite Business Systems, and Anik C3, owned by Telesat Canada; both were Hughes-built HS-376-series satellites. In addition, STS-5 carried a West German-sponsored microgravity GAS experiment canister in the payload bay. The crew furthermore conducted three student-designed experiments during the flight.
A planned spacewalk by Lenoir and Allen, the first of the Space Shuttle program, was postponed by one day after Lenoir became ill, and then had to be cancelled when the two spacesuits that were to be used developed problems.
Columbia landed on Runway 22 at Edwards Air Force Base on 16 November 1982, at 6:33 am PST, having traveled 2 million miles in 81 orbits during a mission that lasted 5 days, 2 hours, 14 minutes and 26 seconds. Columbia was returned to KSC on 22 November 1982. STS-5 was the first shuttle flight in which the crew did not wear pressure suits for the launch, reentry, and landing portions of the flight, similar to the Soviet Voskhod and Soyuz missions prior to the ill-fated Soyuz 11 mission in 1971.
The shuttle was formally declared "operational" after STS-4. However, the Columbia Accident Investigation Board (CAIB), in its report on the loss with all crew aboard of Columbia during STS-107 in 2003, asserted that the orbiter should never have been considered operational and that, while not intrisically unsafe, it was in fact an experimental vehicle. The CAIB's rationale was that civilian and military aircraft that are considered operational must have been tested and proven over thousands of safe flights in their final operational configurations, whereas the shuttle had conducted under 200 flights, with continuous modification. NASA operated the Space Shuttle as an experimental vehicle for the remainder of the programme.
The five points of the blue star of the mission patch indicate the flight's numerical designation in the Space Transportation System's mission sequence.
NASA began a tradition of playing music to astronauts during the Gemini program, and first used music to wake up a flight crew during Apollo 15. Each track is specially chosen, often by the astronauts' families, and usually has a special meaning to an individual member of the crew, or is applicable to their daily activities.
|Day 2||"76 Trombones"||The Music Man|
|Day 3||"Cotton Eye Joe"|
|Day 4||"Marine Hymn"|
|Day 5||"The Stroll"||The Diamonds/Clyde Otis|
|Day 6||"Take Me Home, Country Roads"||John Denver|
- Space Shuttle Columbia disaster
- List of space shuttle missions
- List of human spaceflights chronologically