STS-51-D

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STS-51-D
STS-51-D Syncom IV-3 activation effort.jpg
Discovery attempts to activate the Syncom IV-3 satellite via a "flyswatter" device attached to the RMS
Mission type Satellite deployment
Operator NASA
COSPAR ID 1985-028A
SATCAT № 15641
Mission duration 6 days, 23 hours, 55 minutes, 23 seconds
Distance travelled 4,650,658 kilometres (2,889,785 mi)
Orbits completed 110
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft Space Shuttle Discovery
Launch mass 113,802 kilograms (250,891 lb)
Landing mass 89,818 kilograms (198,014 lb)
Payload mass 13,039 kilograms (28,747 lb)
Crew
Crew size 7
Members Karol J. Bobko
Donald E. Williams
M. Rhea Seddon
S. David Griggs
Jeffrey A. Hoffman
Charles D. Walker
Edwin J. Garn
EVAs 1
EVA duration 3 hours, 6 minutes
Start of mission
Launch date April 12, 1985, 13:59:05 (1985-04-12UTC13:59:05Z) UTC
Launch site Kennedy LC-39A
End of mission
Landing date April 19, 1985, 13:54:28 (1985-04-19UTC13:54:29Z) UTC
Landing site Kennedy SLF Runway 33
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Low Earth
Perigee 300 kilometres (160 nmi)
Apogee 452 kilometres (244 nmi)
Inclination 28.5 degrees
Period 94.4 minutes
Epoch April 14, 1985[1]

Sts-51-d-patch.png STS-51-D crew.jpg
Back row L-R: Griggs, Walker, Garn
Front row: L-R: Bobko, Williams, Seddon, Hoffman.


Space Shuttle program
← STS-51-C STS-51-B

STS-51-D was the sixteenth flight of NASA's Space Shuttle program, and the fourth flight of Space Shuttle Discovery.[2] The launch of STS-51-D from Kennedy Space Center (KSC), Florida, on April 12, 1985 was delayed by 55 minutes, after a boat strayed into the restricted Solid Rocket Booster (SRB) recovery zone. STS-51-D was the third shuttle mission to be extended.

On April 19, after a week-long flight, Discovery conducted the fifth shuttle landing at KSC. The shuttle suffered extensive brake damage and a ruptured tire during landing. This forced all subsequent shuttle landings to be done at Edwards Air Force Base, California, until the development and implementation of nose wheel steering made landings at KSC more feasible.

Crew[edit]

Position Astronaut
Commander Karol J. Bobko
Second spaceflight
Pilot Donald E. Williams
First spaceflight
Mission Specialist 1 M. Rhea Seddon
First spaceflight
Mission Specialist 2 S. David Griggs
Only spaceflight
Mission Specialist 3 Jeffrey A. Hoffman
First spaceflight
Payload Specialist 1 Charles D. Walker
Second spaceflight
Payload Specialist 2 Edwin J. Garn
Only spaceflight
Garn was a Republican Senator from Utah acting as a congressional
observer. He was the first sitting member of Congress in space.

Spacewalk[edit]

  • Hoffman and Griggs – EVA 1
  • EVA 1 Start: April 16, 1985
  • EVA 1 End: April 16, 1985
  • Duration: 3 hours, 06 minutes

Crew seating arrangements[edit]

Seat[3] Launch Landing STS-121 seating assignments.png
Seats 1–4 are on the Flight Deck. Seats 5–7 are on the Middeck.
S1 Bobko Bobko
S2 Williams Williams
S3 Seddon Hoffman
S4 Griggs Griggs
S5 Hoffman Seddon
S6 Walker Walker
S7 Garn Garn

Mission summary[edit]

During STS-51-D, the shuttle crew deployed two communications satellites: Telesat-I (Anik C1) and Syncom IV-3 (also known as Leasat-3). Telesat-I was attached to a Payload Assist Module (PAM-D) motor and successfully deployed. Syncom IV-3, however, failed to initiate antenna deployment and spin-up, or ignite its perigee kick motor upon deployment. The mission was consequently extended by two days to ensure that the satellite's spacecraft sequencer start lever was in its proper position. Griggs and Hoffman performed an unscheduled EVA to attach homemade "Flyswatter" devices to the shuttle's Remote Manipulator System (RMS). Seddon then engaged the satellite's start lever using the RMS, but again the post-deployment sequence did not begin.[4]

Discovery's other mission payloads included the Continuous Flow Electrophoresis System (CFES) III, which was flying for sixth time; two Shuttle Student Involvement Program (SSIP) experiments; the American Flight Echo-cardiograph (AFE); two Getaway Specials; a set of Phase Partitioning Experiments (PPE); an astronomical photography verification test; various medical experiments; and "Toys in Space," an informal study of the behavior of simple toys in a microgravity environment, with the results being made available to school students upon the shuttle's return.

During the shuttle's landing at KSC on April 19, 1985, extensive brake damage was suffered, and a landing gear tire ruptured. This prompted future shuttle flights to land at Edwards Air Force Base, California, until effective nose wheel steering could be implemented to reduce risks during landing.

Wake-up calls[edit]

NASA began a tradition of playing music to astronauts during the Gemini program, and first used music to wake up a flight crew during Apollo 15. Each track is specially chosen, often by the astronauts' families, and usually has a special meaning to an individual member of the crew, or is applicable to their daily activities.[5]

Flight Day Song Artist/Composer
Day 2 "Top of the World" The Carpenters
Day 3 "Rescue Aid Society" Song from the Disney film, The Rescuers

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

  1. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "SATCAT". Jonathan's Space Pages. Retrieved March 24, 2014. 
  2. ^ NASA. "STS-51D Press Kit". Retrieved December 16, 2009. 
  3. ^ "STS-51D". Spacefacts. Retrieved February 26, 2014. 
  4. ^ Walker, Charles D. (April 14, 2005). Oral History Transcript. Interview with Johnson, Sandra. NASA Johnson Space Center Oral History Project. 
  5. ^ Fries, Colin (June 25, 2007). "Chronology of Wakeup Calls" (PDF). NASA. Retrieved August 13, 2007. 

External links[edit]