STS-52

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STS-52
Sts052-80-030 lrg.jpg
Columbia's payload bay, with the LAGEOS II satellite (top) being deployed
Mission type Microgravity research
Satellite deployment
Operator NASA
COSPAR ID 1992-070A
SATCAT № 22194
Mission duration 9 days, 20 hours, 56 minutes, 13 seconds
Distance travelled 6,645,026 kilometers (4,129,028 mi)
Orbits completed 159
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft Space Shuttle Columbia
Landing mass 97,201 kilograms (214,292 lb)
Payload mass 8,078 kilograms (17,809 lb)
Crew
Crew size 6
Members James D. Wetherbee
Michael A. Baker
Charles L. Veach
William M. Shepherd
Tamara E. Jernigan
Steven G. MacLean
Start of mission
Launch date 22 October 1992, 14:05:53 (1992-10-22UTC14:05:53Z) UTC
Launch site Kennedy LC-39B
End of mission
Landing date 1 November 1992, 09:05:52 (1992-11-01UTC09:05:53Z) UTC
Landing site Kennedy SLF Runway 33
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Low Earth
Perigee 304 kilometres (189 mi)
Apogee 307 kilometres (191 mi)
Inclination 28.45 degrees
Period 90.6 min

Sts-52-patch.png Sts-52 crew.jpg
Left to right - Back: Baker, Wetherbee, Maclean; Front: Veach, Jernigan, Shepherd


Space Shuttle program
← STS-47 STS-53

STS-52 was a Space Transportation System (NASA Space Shuttle) mission using orbiter Columbia, and launched 22 October 1992.

Crew[edit]

Position Astronaut
Commander James D. Wetherbee
Second spaceflight
Pilot Michael A. Baker
Second spaceflight
Mission Specialist 1 Charles L. Veach
Second spaceflight
Mission Specialist 2 William M. Shepherd
Third spaceflight
Mission Specialist 3 Tamara E. Jernigan
Second spaceflight
Payload Specialist 1 Steven G. MacLean, CSA
First spaceflight

Backup Crew[edit]

Position Astronaut
Payload Specialist 1 Bjarni V. Tryggvason, CSA

Mission highlights[edit]

Liftoff

Primary mission objectives were deployment of the Laser Geodynamic Satellite II (LAGEOS-II) and operation of the U.S. Microgravity Payload-1 (USMP-1). LAGEOS-II, a joint effort between NASA and the Italian Space Agency (ASI), was deployed on day 2 and boosted into an initial elliptical orbit by ASI's Italian Research Interim Stage (IRIS). The spacecraft's apogee kick motor later circularized LAGEOS orbit at its operational altitude of 3,666 miles. The USMP-1, activated on day one, included three experiments mounted on two connected Mission Peculiar Equipment Support Structures (MPESS) mounted in the orbiter's cargo bay. USMP-1 experiments were: Lambda Point Experiment; Matériel Pour L'Etude Des Phénomènes Intéressant La Solidification Sur Et En Orbite (MEPHISTO), sponsored by the French agency Centre National d'Études Spatiales; and Space Acceleration Measurement System (SAMS).

Secondary payloads: (1) Canadian experiment, CANEX-2, located in both the orbiter's cargo bay and middeck and which consisted of Space Vision System (SVS); Materials Exposure in Low-Earth Orbit (MELEO); Queen's University Experiment in Liquid-Metal Diffusion (QUELD); Phase Partitioning in Liquids (PARLIQ); Sun Photospectrometre Earth Atmosphere Measurement-2 (SPEAM-2); Orbiter Glow-2 (OGLOW-2); and Space Adaptation Tests and Observations (SATO). A small, specially marked satellite, the Canadian Target Assembly, was deployed on day nine, to support SVS experiments. (2) ASP, featuring three independent sensors mounted on a Hitchhiker plate in the cargo bay - Modular Star Sensor (MOSS), Yaw Earth Sensor (YES) and Low Altitude Conical Earth Sensor (LACES), all provided by the European Space Agency.

Other middeck payloads: Commercial Materials Dispersion Apparatus Instrument Technology Associates Experiments; Commercial Protein Crystal Growth experiment; Chemical Vapor Transport Experiment; Heat Pipe Performance Experiment; Physiological Systems Experiment (involving 12 rodents); and Shuttle Plume Impingement Experiment. The orbiter also was used as a reference point for calibrating an Ultraviolet Plume Instrument on an orbiting Strategic Defense Initiative Organization satellite.

The Tank Pressure Control Experiment/Thermal Phenomena (TPCE/TP) was contained in a Getaway Special (GAS) canister in the orbiter's cargo bay.

Some of the ashes of Star Trek creator Gene Roddenberry were also carried aboard the orbiter for the duration of the mission.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

External links[edit]