STS-6

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STS-6
Space Shuttle Challenger (04-04-1983).JPEG
Challenger begins her maiden flight
Mission type Satellite deployment
Operator NASA
COSPAR ID 1983-026A
SATCAT № 13968
Mission duration 5 days, 23 minutes, 42 seconds
Distance travelled 3,370,437 kilometers (2,094,292 mi)
Orbits completed 81
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft Space Shuttle Challenger
Launch mass 116,457 kilograms (256,744 lb)
Landing mass 86,330 kilograms (190,330 lb)
Payload mass 21,305 kilograms (46,969 lb)
Crew
Crew size 4
Members Paul J. Weitz
Karol J. Bobko
Donald H. Peterson
Story Musgrave
EVAs 1
EVA duration 4 hours, 17 minutes
Start of mission
Launch date April 4, 1983, 18:30:00 (1983-04-04UTC18:30Z) UTC
Launch site Kennedy LC-39A
End of mission
Landing date April 9, 1983, 18:53:42 (1983-04-09UTC18:53:43Z) UTC
Landing site Edwards Runway 22
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Low Earth
Perigee 288 kilometers (179 mi)
Apogee 295 kilometers (183 mi)
Inclination 28.5 degrees
Period 90.4 minutes
Epoch April 6, 1983[1]

Sts-6-patch.png Sts-6-crew.jpg
L-R Peterson, Weitz, Musgrave, Bobko


Space Shuttle program
← STS-5 STS-7

STS-6 was the sixth NASA Space Shuttle mission and the maiden flight of the Space Shuttle Challenger. Launched from Kennedy Space Center on April 4, 1983, the mission deployed the first Tracking and Data Relay Satellite, TDRS-1, into orbit, before landing at Edwards Air Force Base on April 9. STS-6 was the first Space Shuttle mission during which a spacewalk was conducted, and hence was the first in which the Extravehicular Mobility Unit (EMU) was used.

Crew[edit]

Position Astronaut
Commander Paul J. Weitz
Second and last spaceflight
Pilot Karol J. Bobko
First spaceflight
Mission Specialist 1 Donald H. Peterson
Only spaceflight
Mission Specialist 2 Story Musgrave
First spaceflight

STS-6 was the last shuttle mission with a four-person crew until STS-135, the final shuttle mission, which launched on July 8, 2011. Commander Paul Weitz had previously served as Pilot on the first Skylab mission, where he lived and worked in Skylab for nearly a month from May to June 1973. After Skylab, Weitz became the Deputy Chief of the Astronaut Office under Chief Astronaut John Young. Bobko originally became an astronaut for the Air Force's Manned Orbiting Laboratory program but later joined NASA in 1969 after the MOL program's cancellation. Prior to STS-6 he participated in the Skylab Medical Experiment Altitude Test and worked as a member of the support crew for the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project.

Peterson was also a transfer from the MOL program, and was a member of the support crew for Apollo 16. Musgrave joined NASA in 1967 as part of the second scientist-astronaut group, and was the backup Science Pilot for the first Skylab mission. He also participated in the design of the equipment that he and Peterson used during their EVA on the STS-6 mission.

Support crew[edit]

Spacewalks[edit]

  • Musgrave and Peterson
  • EVA Start: April 7, 1983
  • EVA End: April 8, 1983
  • Duration: 4 hours, 17 minutes

Crew seating arrangements[edit]

Seat[2] Launch Landing STS-121 seating assignments.png
Seats 1–4 are on the Flight Deck. Seats 5–7 are on the Middeck.
S1 Weitz Weitz
S2 Bobko Bobko
S3 Musgrave Musgrave
S4 Peterson Peterson

Mission background[edit]

The mission was originally scheduled to launch on January 20, 1983. However, a hydrogen leak in one of the orbiter's main engines was discovered after the first flight readiness firing in December 1982. Later, after a second flight readiness firing of the main engines on January 25, 1983, fuel line cracks were found in the other two engines. A spare engine replaced the engine with the hydrogen leak, and the other two engines were removed, repaired and reinstalled.

While the engine repairs were underway on February 28, a severe storm caused contamination of the mission's primary cargo, the first Tracking and Data Relay Satellite, TDRS-1, while it was in the Payload Change-out Room on the Rotating Service Structure at the launch pad. Consequently, the satellite had to be taken back to its checkout facility, where it was cleaned and rechecked. The Payload Change-out Room and the payload bay also had to be cleaned. All of these events pushed the launch back from March 26 to early April.[3]

Mission summary[edit]

On April 4, 1983, STS-6, the first mission of the orbiter Challenger, lifted off at 13:30 EST. It marked the first use of a new lightweight external tank and lightweight SRB casings.

STS-6 carried a crew of four – Paul J. Weitz, commander; Karol J. Bobko, pilot; Donald H. Peterson and Story Musgrave, both mission specialists. Using new spacesuits designed specifically for the Space Shuttle program, Peterson and Musgrave successfully accomplished the program's first extravehicular activity (EVA) on April 7-8, 1983, performing various tests in the orbiter's payload bay. Their spacewalk lasted 4 hours and 17 minutes.

Although the 2,300-kilogram (5,000 lb) TDRS satellite was successfully deployed from Challenger, its two-stage booster rocket, the Inertial Upper Stage (IUS), tumbled out of control, placing the satellite into a low elliptical orbit. However, the satellite contained extra propellant beyond what was needed for its attitude control thrusters, and during the next several months, its thrusters were fired at carefully planned intervals, gradually moving TDRS-1 into its geosynchronous operating orbit, thus saving the $100-million satellite. Other STS-6 payloads included three GAS canisters and the continuation of the Mono-disperse Latex Reactor and Continuous Flow Electrophoresis experiments.

Challenger returned to Earth on April 9, 1983 at 10:53 am PST, landing on Runway 22 at Edwards AFB. During the mission, it completed 80 orbits, traveling 2 million miles in 5 days, 23 minutes and 42 seconds. It was flown back to KSC on April 16, 1983.

Mission insignia[edit]

The six white stars in the upper blue field of the mission patch indicate the flight's numerical designation in the Space Transportation System's mission sequence.

Wake-up calls[edit]

NASA began a tradition of playing music to astronauts during the Gemini program, and first used music to wake up a flight crew during Apollo 15. Each track is specially chosen, often by the astronauts' families, and usually has a special meaning to an individual member of the crew, or is applicable to their daily activities.[4]

Flight Day Song Artist/Composer
Day 2 "Cadets on Parade" Air Force Academy Band
Day 3 "Teach Me Tiger" April Stevens
Day 4 "Theme from F Troop" William Lava
Day 5 "The Poor Co-pilot" Oscar Brand
Day 6 "Ode to the Lions" Rusty Gordon

See also[edit]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

  1. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "SATCAT". Jonathan's Space Pages. Retrieved March 20, 2014. 
  2. ^ "STS-6". Spacefacts. Retrieved February 26, 2014. 
  3. ^ Evans, Ben (2007). Space Shuttle Challenger: Ten Journeys Into the Unknown. Praxis Publishing. p. 26. ISBN 0-387-46355-0. 
  4. ^ Fries, Colin (June 25, 2007). "Chronology of Wakeup Calls" (PDF). NASA. Retrieved August 13, 2007. 

External links[edit]