SZD-48 Jantar Standard 2/3

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SZD-48 Jantar Standard 2
Jantar Standard 2 MF & HK.png
A SZD-48(MF) and SZD-48-1(HK) at SOSA Gliding Club, Rockton_Airport
Role Glider
National origin Poland
Manufacturer PZL-Bielsko
Designer Władysław Okarmus
First flight Jantar Standard variants[1]
  • SZD-48 - 10 December 1977
  • SZD-48-1 – 18 September 1978
  • SZD-48-3 – 15 April 1982
Number built Jantar Standard variants[1]
  • 44 x SZD-48
  • 285 x SZD-48-1
  • 348 xSZD-48-3
Developed from SZD-41 Jantar Standard
Variants SZD-49 Jantar K

The SZD-48 Jantar Standard 2 is a Standard Class glider that was designed and produced in Poland starting in 1977.

Development[edit]

Unable to introduce desired improvements to the SZD-41 Jantar Standard, SZD, under Władysław Okarmus' guidance, developed the SZD-48 Jantar Standard 2. Using the SZD-41B Jantar Standard as a basis, the SZD-48 utilized the same wings mounted higher on a new fuselage and incorporated several detail refinements, such as an increase of water ballast capacity from 100 litres to 150 litres. Production of the initial production version the SZD-48 Jantar Standard followed the first flight piloted by January Roman totalling 44. Soon superseded by the SZD-48-1 Jantar Standard 2 with small refinements including replacing the ventilation flaps with a single flap on the underside in front of the launch hook. First flight of the SZD-48-1 took place at Bielsko on 18 September 1978 again flown by January Roman, production of 285 SZD-48-1s followed.

The next development of the SZD-48 involved a new forward fuselage with forward opening single piece canopy, which simplified production as well as improving access to the instrument panel and rudder controls, a rudder with increased area and revised water ballast system with individual vent/jettison valves for each wing tank and special funnel for filling. This version entered production as the SZD-48-3 Jantar Standard 3.

The Jantar Standard 2s and 3s are of all glassfibre/epoxy resin construction with frames and ribs and a centre-section truss, built up from welded steel tubes, to support the wings, single wheel retractable undercarriage and the towing hook. The trapezoidal wings have double boom main spar transferred loads from the fibreglass skins, supported by ribs to the centre section truss. Aluminium plate style airbrakes extend from upper and lower surfaces, with gaps sealed by spring-loaded caps when closed. Water ballast tanks for 150 litres are carried in the wing roots with fill and jettison valves, in the fuselage for early versions, in the wings for later aircraft.[1]

The cockpit of the Jantar Standard 2 is covered by a two-piece plexiglass canopy with fixed forward portion and rearward hinged rear portion, with instruments carried on a panel in the central pedestal between the pilots legs. Access to the forward fuselage and entry egress were much improved in the SZD-48-3 by the single piece full length canopy opening forwards complete with the glare shield covering the instruments.[1]

The manually retractable main undercarriage is composed of a single 350 x 135mm diameter wheel retracting backwards into the wheel well, which is closed off by doors operated by the undercarriage legs, and a fixed 200 X 50mm tail-wheel.[1]

Competition success for the Jantar Standard 2 and 3 was elusive, due in part to political problems over Polish attitudes to South Africa, which led to withdrawal of Polish gliding teams from World Gliding Championships. Despite the political pressure and missing out on the showcase provided by international competition, production of the SZD-48 variants was very respectable with exports worldwide[1]

Variants[edit]

SZD-48 Jantar Standard 2
Initial production version, 44 built.[1]
SZD-48-1 Jantar Standard 2
Minor improvements over the SZD-48, 285 built.[1]
SZD-48-3 Jantar Standard 3
A new forward fuselage with one piece forward opening canopy, 348 built.[1]


Specifications (SZD-48-3 Jantar Standard 3)[edit]

Data from SZD-48 Jantar Std.2 i Std.3[1]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Length: (SZD-48-1 - 6.71 m, 22 ft) 6.85 m (22 ft 6 in)
  • Wingspan: 15 m (49 ft 2 ½ in)
  • Height: 1.51 m (4 ft 11 in)
  • Wing area: 10.66 m2 (114.75 ft2)
  • Aspect ratio: 21.1:1
  • Wing profile: NN 8
  • Empty weight: (SZD-48-1 - 265 kg 584 lb) 274 kg (604 lb)
  • Gross weight: with ballast 535 kg (1,179 lb), without ballast 385 kg (849 lb)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: (SZD-48-1 - 250 km/h 155 mph) 285 km/h (177 mph)
  • G limits: +5.3 / -2.65
  • Maximum glide ratio: 40:1 @ (97 km/h – 60.3 mph without ballast) (123 km/h – 76.4 mph with ballast)
  • Rate of sink: with ballast 0.69 m/s (136 ft/min), without ballast 0.60 m/s (118 ft/min)

See also[edit]

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "SZD-48 Jantar Std.2 i Std.3" (in Polish). 20 September 2007. Retrieved 2009-09-05. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Simons, Martin. Sailplanes 1965-2000 2nd revised edition. EQIP Werbung und Verlag G.m.b.H.. Königswinter. 2005. ISBN 3-9808838-1-7
  • Coates, Andrew. “Jane's World Sailplanes & Motor Gliders new edition”. London, Jane's. 1980. ISBN 0-7106-0017-8

External links[edit]