Saïda, Algeria

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Saïda
سعيدة
City
Motto: "From the people, for the people"
Location of Saïda in the Saïda Province
Location of Saïda in the Saïda Province
Saïda is located in Algeria
Saïda
Saïda
Location of Saïda in the Algeria
Coordinates: 34°50′00″N 0°09′00″E / 34.833333°N 0.15°E / 34.833333; 0.15
Country  Algeria
Province Saïda Province
District Saïda District
Government
 • Type Municipality
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
ISO 3166 code CP

Saïda (Arabic: سعيدة‎) is the capital city of Saïda Province, Algeria.

Location[edit]

Saïda is located in northwestern Algeria, on the southern slopes of the Tell Atlas mountain range situated on the northern fringe of the High Plateaus (French = Hauts Plateaux). The city lies along the right bank of the Wadi Saïda, protected by wooded mountains on the opposite shore that rise steeply from the valley floor to an elevation of some 4,000 feet (1,200 metres).

History[edit]

The city’s site has been of military importance since the construction of a Roman fort. Saïda was a stronghold of Abd al-Qadir, the Algerian national leader who burned the town as French forces approached it in 1844.

Modern Saïda was founded as a French military outpost in 1854 and once housed a regiment of the French Foreign Legion. Its growth was stimulated by the arrival of the Oran-Béchar (narrow-gauge) railway, which was incorporated in 1862.

In 2005 the population was 158,856 inhabitants. It is nicknamed the city of waters, because of its abundant underground springs.

Transport[edit]

Saïda is served by a narrow gauge railway from Mohammadi, however a standard gauge line is proposed.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Coordinates: 34°50′N 0°09′E / 34.833°N 0.150°E / 34.833; 0.150