Sa'd ibn Ubadah

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Sa'd ibn Ubadah ibn Dulaim (Arabic: سعد بن عبادة بن دليم‎) [1] was one of the prominent Sahabah and Ansar, the chief of the Banu Khazraj.[2] He was the first person who hailed from Medina to embrace Islam.

He participated in the secret second pledge at al-Aqabah. It was not after that the Medinan pilgrims had left the city, that the Meccans became aware of the meeting at Aqabah. They pursued the pilgrims but only managed to catch hold of Sa‘d bin ‘Ubadah. They tortured him, but he was later rescued by Mut‘im ibn ‘Adi and Harith ibn Harb, with whom he had trade relations. He was also sent along with Sa'd ibn Muadh to the Jews of Banu Qurayzah to see if the Jews had broken their treaty with the Muslims.[1]

It is known that he did not accept the reign of caliphs Abu Bakr and Umar.[3] This created a major tension between him and the second caliph Umar. The second caliph recounts that during the conflict to choose the prophet's successor he had wished for Sa'd's death by announcing : "May God Kill Sa'd ibn Udabah".[4] Shortly after this Sa'd left Medina and stayed in modern day Syria. It is known that Umar ordered a delegate to go there and ask him to accept the new caliphs. When he refused the offer he was killed with an arrow.[5]

Sa‘d bin ‘Ubadah died during the reign of caliph Abu Bakr. This is known from the following incident. One day, he divided all his wealth between his sons. After his death, his wife gave birth to a son. This took place during the reign of Abu Bakr. One morning Umar met Abu Bakr and said to him: "I spent a sleepless night on account of this new child of Saad, because his father left him nothing." Abu Bakr said: "And so did I. Let us go to Qais ibn Saad (son of Sa'd bin Ubadah) and speak to him about his brother." They went to Qais, himself a companion of Muhammad and a man of honor. When they spoke to him, Qais said: "As for what Saad has done, I will never invalidate; but I would like the two of you to witness that my share is for my young brother."[2]