Saab 9-3

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Not to be confused with Saab 93.
Saab 9-3
Saab 9-3 Aero MY14 02.jpg
Saab 9-3 Aero Sedan MY14
Overview
Manufacturer Saab Automobile
Production 1998-2012
2013-Present
Body and chassis
Class Compact executive car[1]
Chronology
Predecessor Saab 900

The Saab 9-3 is a compact executive car produced by the Swedish automaker Saab Automobile.

The 9-3 was originally based on the GM2900 platform and subsequently changed to the GM Epsilon platform. Other vehicles based on the same platforms include the Opel Vectra and Cadillac BLS. Though the current production model of 9-3 is still based on the Epsilon platform, Saab's current owners, National Electric Vehicle Sweden, are developing the newer Phoenix platform which was conceived post GM divestiture to debut for the 2015 model year.[2] The 9-3 is currently Saab's only model, offered as a saloon, and will be available in three different body styles: saloon, estate and convertible.[3]

Overview[edit]

The car was badged as 93 starting in the 1999 model year, when they revised the naming strategy of their small car to match that of the larger 95. Saab consistently advertises it as 9-3, pronounced as "nine three". The Saab 9-3 was launched in 1998 for the 1999 model year essentially as a rebadged 2nd Generation Saab 900 (1994–1998 model), and succeeded by a redesigned 9-3 for the 2003 model year. It is not to be confused with the Saab 93, pronounced "ninety three", which was a car produced by Saab from 1955 to 1960.

First generation (1998–2002)[edit]

First generation
1998-2001 Saab 9-3 S 5-door hatchback (2011-06-15) 01.jpg
Overview
Production 1998–2002
Assembly Trollhättan, Sweden (hatchback)
Uusikaupunki, Finland (Valmet Automotive) (1999–2003 convertible and Viggen)
Designer Einar Hareide[4]
Body and chassis
Body style 3-/5-door hatchback
2-door convertible
Layout Transverse front-engine, front-wheel drive
Platform GM2900 platform
Related Opel Vectra
Saab 9-5
Saturn L-Series
Powertrain
Engine 2.0 L B204 I4
2.0 L B205 I4
2.0 L B205R I4
2.3 L B235R I4
2.2 L Turbodiesel I4
Transmission 5-speed manual
4-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,605 mm (102.6 in)
Length 1999–2000 Viggen & 2001–02: 4,630 mm (182.3 in)
1999–2000: 4,628 mm (182.2 in)
2001-02 Viggen: 4,640 mm (182.7 in)
Width 1,712 mm (67.4 in)
Height Hatchback: 1,427 mm (56.2 in)
Convertible: 1,422 mm (56.0 in)
2001-02 Viggen Hatchback: 1,415 mm (55.7 in)
2001–02 Viggen Convertible: 1,410 mm (55.5 in)
Saab 9-3 Aero 5-door (Australia)
Saab 9-3 Aero 5-door (Australia)
Saab 9-3 3-door (US)
Saab 9-3 Anniversary convertible (Australia)

The first generation 9-3, a substantially improved Saab 900 (NG) was launched in 1998 for the 1999 model year. Saab claimed that 1,100 changes were made, including a revised suspension in an attempt to tighten up the handling characteristics of its predecessor, the Saab 900 (1994–1998 model).[5] It featured slightly sleeker styling with some models sporting a black rear spoiler and removed Saab's trademark centrally mounted "snow flap". It was available as a three or five-door hatchback, and as a two-door convertible. It was the last small Saab to use the company's H engine. Notable improvements over the Saab 900 (NG) were improved ride and handling and substantially improved crash-worthiness with standard side impact airbags with head protection and active headrests. The Saab 9-3 along with the Saab 9-5 and the Volvo S70 were the first cars in the world to earn the maximum score in a side impact augmented by a pole test[citation needed] based on Euro NCAP testing. The 9-3 continued the Saab safety tradition of performing a moose test.

The 9-3 was available with a new variant of the B204 engine (B204E, 154 hp (115 kW)), a low pressure turbo (LPT) engine based on the B204L used in the last generation Saab 900. For the U.S. market, all 9-3s were turbocharged petrol engines with the "full pressure turbo" (B204L, 185 hp (138 kW)) as the standard offering, and a "HOT" (B204R, 200 hp) variant in the SE models for the 1999 model year. The 2000 model year saw a revision from SAAB's Trionic 5 to Trionic 7 engine management system. The first generation 9-3 was also the first Saab available with a diesel engine, also found in the Opel Vectra, Astra G, Signum, Zafira A.

A Saab innovation is the 'Night Panel', carried over from the Saab 900, which permits dousing of the instrument panel lighting, except for essential information, for less distraction when night driving.

A total of 326,370 first generation 9-3s were built.

Saab Viggen[edit]

Saab 9-3 Viggen

A high-powered version of the Saab 9-3 was the "Viggen" (English: Thunderbolt). It was named after the Saab 37 Viggen aircraft. Production ended in 2002.

It came with a turbocharged 2.3 L engine, (B235R) giving 225 bhp (168 kW; 228 PS) later 230 bhp (172 kW; 233 PS) on 1.4 bar (20 psi) of boost from its Mitsubishi TD04-HL15-5 turbocharger. Acceleration from 0–100 km/h could be reached in 6.4 seconds and the top speed is electronically limited to 250 km/h (160 mph).[citation needed] To provide and handle the high power and performance, the following elements were changed/modified:

  • Higher capacity intercooler
  • Higher performance tuned ECU
  • Larger flow-through exhaust system
  • Heavy duty clutch and pressure plate
  • Stiffened and lowered springs
  • Firmer dampers
  • Stronger CV joints and driveshafts

To enable the front wheels to cope with the amount of torque available, the maximum torque was electronically limited.

  • 1st gear was limited to 250 N·m (180 lb·ft)
  • 2nd gear was limited to 330 N·m (240 lb·ft)
  • 3rd gear and on had the full 350 N·m (260 lb·ft).

In 1999, the Viggen was the first 9-3 to use Saab's Trionic 7 engine management system, which processes 2 million calculations every second analysing combustion temperature, boost control, variable torque curves and many other critical engine processes. In addition, the 2001 model year introduced a Traction Control System (TCS) to the Viggen.

In addition to extra power and torque, it also featured a special rear wing (increasing the downforce by 50%) requiring relocation of the radio antenna, aerodynamically designed bumpers and side skirts reducing the drag coefficient by 8%, specially bolstered and colored leather seats (available in four colors: black with black inserts (charcoal), black with blue inserts (deep blue), black with orange inserts (flame ochre), and tan with tan inserts), sportier suspension, bigger wheels, upgraded brakes, and other upgraded parts.

The Viggen was only available with a five-speed manual transmission, CD player, power moonroof, and (what were initially) Viggen-specific motorised and heated leather seats with the Viggen delta logo embossed in the backrest; these were later also available in the Aero model (U.S. market 'SE' model) without the embossed Viggen logo. Some colors featured carbon-fibre interior trim from its introduction to the middle of the 2001 model year, when Saab substituted a less expensive printed gray pattern for the dash and standard trim for everything else.

New Viggen buyers in the USA were treated to two days of advanced driving instruction at Road Atlanta and dined with Saab USA executives from nearby Norcross, Georgia. This programme, operated by Saab and Panoz, was called Viggen Flight Academy and later transformed into the current SAAB Aero Academy.

Some motoring journalists were critical of untamed torque steer in low gears.[6] Although the torque steer can be nearly eliminated through the use of a steering rack brace,[citation needed] also called a "Viggen Rescue Kit" available through a few aftermarket vendors.[citation needed]

Production summary[edit]

Viggen Production Summary
Models produced Models imported into the U.S.[7]
Model Year Yearly total Total Convertible 3-door 5-door
1998 14
1999 1,099 426 426
2000 1,621 804 245 138 421
2001 1,251 1,152 738 129 285
2002 615 550 322 71 157
Total 4,600 2,932 1,305 764 863

4,600 Viggens were manufactured until production ended in June, 2002; of which only 500 units were produced for the UK market. For 1999, 426 3-door Viggens were imported into the U.S.; of those 420 were blue, 2 were silver, 2 were Monte Carlo yellow, and 2 were black[7].

First generation 9-3 engines[edit]

Saab H Engine with Saab Direct Ignition and Trionic Engine Management, Shown Here In Trionic 7 Trim.

Other than the diesel engines, all the first generation engines were versions of the Saab H engine. Other than the Saab 9-5, the first generation 9-3 was the last to utilise this all Saab engine design. All versions of this engine feature a DOHC 16-valve design with Saab's Saab Direct Ignition. All turbocharged engines utilise Saab's Trionic engine management system which works hand in hand with the Direct Ignition's IDM module (mounted to the top of the engine, directly engaging the sparkplugs). The later two technologies were migrated into other GM products during the ten years that GM controlled Saab. All of the engines, other than the normally aspirated version and the low-pressure turbo, had high specific power outputs. The B205R generated 102.5 horsepower (76.4 kW) per litre, which exceeds the specific output of the 32-valve V8 engine in an Audi RS4, which generates 100 horsepower (75 kW)/l. The B235R from the Viggen generated 252 lb·ft (342 N·m) of torque, which is only 10 lb·ft (14 N·m) less than an E46 BMW M3.[citation needed] Saab's 'EcoPower' philosophy incorporates high power and torque output when it is needed, while also delivering good fuel economy and low emissions.[citation needed]

Specifications
Engine Torque Power Compression ratio Boost pressure Model Years Available
B204i: 177 N·m (131 lb·ft) @ 4300 rpm 130 hp (97 kW) @ 5500 rpm 10.1:1 - 1999-2000
B204E: 219 N·m (162 lb·ft) @ 3600 rpm 154 hp (115 kW) @ 5500 rpm 9.2:1 0.40 bar (5.8 psi) 1999-2000
B204L: 263 N·m (194 lb·ft) @ 2100 rpm 185 hp (138 kW) @ 5500 rpm 9.2:1 0.73 bar (10.6 psi) 1999
B204R: 280 N·m (210 lb·ft) @ 2200 rpm 200 hp (150 kW) @ 5500 rpm 9.2:1 1.00 bar (14.5 psi) 1999
B235R: 342 N·m (252 lb·ft) @ 1950 rpm 225 hp (168 kW) @ 5500 rpm 9.25:1 1.08 bar (15.7 psi) 1999–2002
B205E: 240 N·m (180 lb·ft) @ 1800 rpm 150 hp (110 kW) @ 5500 rpm 9.2:1 0.40 bar (5.8 psi) 2000–2002
B205L: 280 N·m (210 lb·ft) @ 1800 rpm 185 hp (138 kW) @ 5500 rpm 9.2:1 1.00 bar (14.5 psi) 2000–2002
B205R: 280 N·m (210 lb·ft) @ 1800 rpm 205 hp (153 kW) @ 5500 rpm 9.2:1 1.00 bar (14.5 psi) 2000–2002
2.2TiD: 260 N·m (190 lb·ft) @ 1800 rpm 116 hp (87 kW) 19.5:1 0.90 bar (13.1 psi) 1998 – Sept. 2000
2.2TiD: 285 N·m (210 lb·ft) @ 1750 rpm 125 hp (93 kW) 18.5:1 0.90 bar (13.1 psi) Sept. 2000 – Aug. 2002

Notes:

Second generation (2003–2012)[edit]

Second generation
2003-2007 Saab 9-3 2 -- 01-13-2010.jpg
Overview
Production 2002–2012
2013-present
Assembly

Nyköping, Sweden (convertible 2012) (ANA)[8]
Trollhättan, Sweden (sedan 2002-2011 and 2013-present, wagon 2005-2011 and convertible 2010-2011)

Graz, Austria (Magna Steyr) (convertible 2003–2009)
Designer Michael Mauer,[9] Einar Hareide,[10] Anders Gustafsson[11]
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door convertible
4-door sedan
4-door station wagon
Layout Transverse front-engine, front-wheel drive / all-wheel drive
Platform GM Epsilon platform
Related BAW C60
Fiat Croma
Cadillac BLS
Chevrolet Malibu
Opel Signum
Opel Vectra
Saturn Aura
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission 5-speed F35 manual
6-speed F40 manual
5-speed Aisin AF33 automatic
6-speed Aisin AF40-6 automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,675 mm (105.3 in)
Length 2003-07 Sedan: 4,635 mm (182.5 in)
2008-Present Sedan: 4,646 mm (182.9 in)
2003-07 Convertible: 4,633 mm (182.4 in)
2008–2009 Convertible: 182.9 in (4,646 mm)
2003-09 Turbo X & Wagon: 4,653 mm (183.2 in)
2010-Present Wagon: 183.9 in (4,671 mm) & 184.6 in (4,689 mm)
Width 2010-Present: 70.9 in (1,801 mm)
2008-09 Sedan: 1,753 mm (69.0 in)
2010-Present Convertible: 70.1 in (1,781 mm)
2008-09 Convertible: 1,760 mm (69.3 in)
Turbo X & Wagon: 1,763 mm (69.4 in)
Height 2003-07 Sedan: 1,443 mm (56.8 in)
2008-Present Sedan: 1,450 mm (57.1 in)
2003-07 Convertible: 1,433 mm (56.4 in)
2008-present Convertible: 56.6 in (1,438 mm)
2003-07 Wagon: 1,540 mm (60.6 in)
2008-Present Turbo X & Wagon: 1,496 mm (58.9 in)
2010-Present Wagon: 60.2 in (1,529 mm)
Curb weight 2008-2009: 1,410 to 1,690 kg (3,109 to 3,726 lb)[12]

The second-generation model was launched at the North American International Auto Show in early 2002 for the 2003 model year. The new 9-3, like most Saabs, remained a front-wheel drive car. The most drastic change from the former generation was the elimination of the hatchback design. The second-generation 9-3 is available as a four-door saloon, an estate (introduced late in 2005, known as the SportWagon, SportCombi or Sport-Hatch depending on the markets), and a two-door convertible (introduced in 2004). It includes a number of safety features, including innovations such as Saab Active Head Restraints (SAHR II) to reduce whiplash and ReAxs, a passive rear wheel steering design and passive toe-in to help reduce understeer under heavy braking.

Saab 9-3 Linear 1.8t convertible, Australia

The new 9-3 departed from the EcoPower engine used previously for a new 2.0 L inline-four engine Ecotec engine from General Motors' for the petrol powered models. There are three different versions of the turbocharged inline-four, with the amount of turbo boost determining the power output. The 150 hp (110 kW) version (though two-litre, it is called 1.8t) was standard in the non-U.S. market Linear form (trim-level). The 175 horsepower (130 kW) version (2.0t) was standard in U.S. market Linear or non-U.S. market Vector form, mated with a 5-speed manual transmission or a 5-speed 'Sentronic' which is a traditional automatic, not to be confused with SAAB's earlier 'Sensonic' which was a manual transmission which allowed for shifting without a clutch pedal. The 210 horsepower 2.0T (B207R engine) was available in both the Arc and Vector forms, (and Aero in the UK), and the automatic transmission was available, though in the Vector, paddle shifters mounted on the steering wheel were added. In 2003 Arcs and Vectors, the manual transmission was a 6-speed.

The 9-3 and the Opel Vectra were the first of the global GM Epsilon platform, which was then lengthened to accommodate four new cousins, the Chevrolet Malibu/Malibu Maxx, the Pontiac G6, and the Saturn Aura. A proprietary fiber-optic electric/electronic system, the possibility of AWD (exploited from 2008 on, dubbed Saab XWD), and ReAxs as described above, are just a few of the features exclusive to the 9-3.

On February 22, 2012, the final 47 Saabs were built. They were all 9-3 Independence Edition convertible models built by one of Sweden's largest car dealers, ANA, in Trollhättan.

There were 21 LHD cars and 26 RHD ones. The final Saab was a Saab 9-3 Aero Independence Edition TTiD convertible.[13]

2004[edit]

2005–2007 Saab 9-3 convertible (US)
9-3 SportCombi

Supposedly due to a request from Vector Aeromotive, the Vector form was replaced with the Aero in the USA. In addition, the Arc received the 5-speed manual in place of the 6-speed.

2005[edit]

United States versions were sold with 16-inch wheels standard (17-inch for the Aero) unlike the 15-inch wheels which were previously found in the Linear version. In the United States, but not in most countries, the 2005 was the last year of the Linear and Arc versions. In addition, the 6-speed manual was dropped and both the Arc and Aero received the 5-speed manual.

2006[edit]

A special "20 Years Edition Aero Convertible" for the American market was unveiled at the Los Angeles Auto Show in January 2006 to celebrate 20 years since the introduction of the Saab 900 convertible. For 2006, the two optional engines were a 2.0-litre turbo 4-cylinder and a new 2.8-litre turbo 6-cylinder. The 4-cylinder option had 12.3 psi maximum turbo boost pressure and turned out 210 hp (160 kW), while the 6-cylinder had 8.7 psi boost and turned out 250 hp (190 kW). The 2.0-litre 16-valve turbo four-cylinder model was marketed in the United States as the 2.0T, replacing the Linear and Arc models sold until the 2005 model year. The United States 2.0T version was similar to the 2005 Arc except for U.S. Linear wheels were used. The Linear and Arc versions continued to be sold in most other countries.

2007[edit]

9-3 updated interior

The dashboard was completely revamped for 2007, with the Saab Information Display moved from its high mounted position to the main instrument binnacle, and a return to the look of the classic Saab 900 dash. The button-heavy climate control system disappeared, replaced by the Saab 9-5 climate control system, OnStar was re-introduced and required when Nav was ordered in North America, and the corporate GM head unit debuted, which allowed for satellite radio and MP3 CD capability. While the 2008 model is touted as all-new, the majority of under skin enhancements occurred for the 2007 model year.[citation needed] The suspension went from borderline harsh to firm, and the cabin was quietened considerably. Steel Gray was also replaced with Titan Gray as an exterior color choice. In the U.S. market, only the 210 hp 2.0-litre 16-valve turbo engine and the 250 hp 2.8-litre V-6 turbo were available. The manual transmission in the 2.0 model was changed from a 5-speed to a 6-speed.

2008 facelift[edit]

Facelifted Saab 9-3 saloon

Saab claims over 2000 changes were made to model year 2008 cars. The 2008 range, first presented at the Saab Festival in Trollhättan, Sweden (June 10, 2007) included new frontal styling inspired by the Saab Aero-X and Saab 9-2X, Saab's first use of LED "signature" lighting in the revised headlamps, new door panels, a new clamshell bonnet, new rear bumper, and frosted "ice block" rear lamps. Black replaced charcoal gray as an interior color choice. Snow Silver became a new exterior color. The 2.8T V6 powering the Aero models received a mild output boost from 250 hp to 255 hp. Some additional exterior modifications are available on the limited-edition XWD 280 horsepower (210 kW) 9-3 Turbo X, presented at the Frankfurt Motor Show (9/07).[14] The Turbo X made its North American debut at the New England Auto show in late November.[15] Saab also released an all-wheel-drive version of the Aero, with the system dubbed "XWD", in March 2008.

2009[edit]

2009- Saab 9-3X

The 2009 9-3 series expands the trim levels while dropping the limited-edition Turbo X[16] saloon and estate from the lineup. The 2.0T and Aero saloon and estate models are now available with Saab's all-wheel drive(XWD). The convertible range continues to lack the all-wheel-drive option because of limited under-body space for the necessary componentry due to added structural bracing to compensate for the rigidity lost when eliminating the hard roof from the design of a car. The new Saab 9-3 is virtually unchanged from the 2008 model, which underwent subtle design and performance enhancements.[17] During 2009 the 9-3X was launched at the Geneva auto show. The 9-3X is a four-wheel-drive XUV version of the 9-3 SportWagon.[18]

2010[edit]

For 2010, the Saab 9-3 Aero's turbocharged V6 was eliminated. All models used the 2.0-liter turbo-4.

2011–2012[edit]

Saab 9-3 Aero convertible (US)

The 9-3 received some revisions in 2011 for the 2012 model year. Changes were in the engine range with an overall reduction in diesel and petrol engine fuel consumption of 12% and 7% respectively.[19] In addition there were:

  • Expanded all-wheel-drive choice: New entry-level 163 hp, 2.0-litre gasoline / BioPower engine added for 9-3 saloon, estate and 9-3X models with Saab XWD.
  • Updated identity: New rear badging in line with all new Saab 9-5 saloon.
  • New, 'ice block' style headlights
  • New bumper design
  • Minor cabin makeover with new titanium metallic effect trim around instrument panel, gearshift, doors and glove box. Aero gets graphite fiber effect.
  • In most markets, car will be badged 'Griffin'.[20]
  • Return of Saab classic, three-spoke alloy wheel: This 16-inch design is part of an expanded 16- to 18-inch wheel choice.
  • A limited edition "Independence Edition" convertible was released with a total of 366 units to commemorate the first anniversary of the sale to Spyker Cars.[21]

MY14[edit]

MY14 Saab 9-3 Interior

National Electric Vehicle Sweden restarted production of the Saab 9-3 Aero Sedan MY14 on December 2, 2013 in Saab's former Trollhättan assembly plant. The only exterior difference on the MY14 model is the lack of the Griffin badge, to which NEVS does not own the rights. The Griffin is replaced with a badge displaying the Saab logotype. Another visible change is the new and safer seats.[22] The 9-3 Aero MY14 features a 220-horsepower 2.0-liter direct-injected twin-scroll turbocharged engine and went on sale in Sweden on December 10. The first cars will be delivered in Spring 2014 as a "Limited Edition" model.[23]

The 9-3 no longer meets the latest Euro NCAP tests regarding pedestrian safety, so only 1000 cars of each body model can be sold in Europe, as a low-volume manufacturer. The only other market initially is China. An electric version will be launched in spring 2014 in the Chinese market.[24]

The updated 9-3 have been tested favourably by motoring magazines.[25] Vi bilägare wrote that it feels modern. It feels sporty yet comfortable.[26]

2nd generation engines[edit]

Note: diesel engines are not available in North America. Starting from late 2004 diesel engines are Fiat-sourced common rail units.

Model Years Engine and type Displ. Power Torque Turbocharger
1.8i 2004–2009 I4 16V Ecotec 1796 cc 90 kW (122 PS; 121 hp) @ 5800 rpm 167 N·m (123 lb·ft) @ 3800 rpm None
1.8t 2002–present I4 16V Ecotec LK9 1998 cc 110 kW (150 PS; 148 hp) @ 5500 rpm 240 N·m (180 lb·ft) @ 2000–3500 rpm Low-pressure
2.0t 2002–present I4 16V Ecotec LK9 1998 cc 129 kW (175 PS; 173 hp) @ 5500 rpm 265 N·m (195 lb·ft) @ 2500–4000 rpm Mid-pressure
2.0T 2002–present I4 16V Ecotec LK9 1998 cc 154 kW (209 PS; 207 hp) @ 5300 rpm 300 N·m (220 lb·ft) @ 2500–4000 rpm High-pressure
2.8t V6 2005–2007 V6 24V LP9 2792 cc 169 kW (230 PS; 227 hp) @ 5500 rpm 320 N·m (240 lb·ft) @ 1800–4500 rpm Low-pressure
2.8T V6 2005–2007 V6 24V LP9 2792 cc 184 kW (250 PS; 247 hp) @ 5500 rpm 350 N·m (260 lb·ft) @ 1800–4500 rpm High-pressure
2.8T V6 2007–2008 V6 24V LP9 2792 cc 188 kW (256 PS; 252 hp) @ 5500 rpm 355 N·m (262 lb·ft) @ 1800–4500 rpm High-pressure
2.8T V6 2008–2010 V6 24V LP9 2792 cc 206 kW (280 PS; 276 hp) @ 5500 rpm 400 N·m (300 lb·ft) @ 2150 rpm High-pressure
1.8t BioPower 2007–present I4 16V Ecotec LK9 1998 cc 129 kW (175 PS; 173 hp) @ 5500 rpm 265 N·m (195 lb·ft) @ 2500–4000 rpm Mid-pressure
2.0t BioPower 2007–present I4 16V Ecotec LK9 1998 cc 147 kW (200 PS; 197 hp) @ 5500 rpm 300 N·m (220 lb·ft) @ 2500–4000 rpm High-pressure
1.9 TiD 2004–present I4 8V Z19DT 1910 cc 88 kW (120 PS; 118 hp) @ 4000 rpm 280 N·m (210 lb·ft) @ 2000–2750 rpm High-pressure
1.9 TiDS 2004–present I4 16V Z19DTH 1910 cc 110 kW (150 PS; 148 hp) @ 4000 rpm 320 N·m (240 lb·ft) @ 2000–2750 rpm High-pressure
1.9 TTiD 2007–present I4 16V Z19DTR 1910 cc 132 kW (179 PS; 177 hp) @ 4000 rpm 400 N·m (300 lb·ft) @ 2000–2500 rpm*1
370 N·m (270 lb·ft) @ 2000–2500 rpm*2
High-pressure twin turbo
2.2 TiD 2002–2004 I4 16V D223L 2171 cc 92 kW (125 PS; 123 hp) @ 4000 rpm 280 N·m (210 lb·ft) @ 1500 rpm High-pressure
*1 For vehicles with manual transmission
*2 For vehicles with automatic transmission
Sources:[27][28][29][30][31]

Saab Turbo X[edit]

Turbo X at Frankfurt Motor Show, 2007

Saab Turbo X debuted at the 2007 Frankfurt auto show. It was made to celebrate SAAB's 30 years of turbocharging. All Turbo X were offered in metallic jet black with matte grey trim. The Turbo X is SAAB's first production car with the XWD all-wheel drive system from Haldex Traction and eLSD. It is powered by a 2.8-litre V6 producing 280 PS (210 kW)mated to a six-speed manual or automatic gearbox. It also has larger brakes as well as stiffer springs and shocks. The dash, shift lever and door panels have carbon fiber look and the turbo boost gauge draws its inspiration from the Saab 900.[14]

Saab 9-3 ePower[edit]

The Saab 9-3 ePower electric car was unveiled at the 2010 Paris Auto Show and became Saab's first electric vehicle. The ePower concept car is based on the 9-3 SportWagon, has a 35.5kWh lithium-ion battery pack, a top speed of 150 kilometres per hour (93 mph), and an estimated driving range of 200 km (120 mi).[32] Saab had scheduled to run a two-year trial with 70 ePower demonstrators in Sweden by late 2011.[33] The new owner of the Saab estate, National Electric Vehicle Sweden, initially stated that they intended to start producing the all-electric 9-3 ePower to be launched in China by late 2013 or early 2014.[34][35]

The production version is slated to be unveiled at the 2014 Frankfurt Motor Show and the market launch is scheduled for 2015.[36] In April 2014 NEV began production of a batch of 200 units to be tested in Qingdao, China by mid 2014. After the test, sales are scheduled to begin in Sweden in 2015.[37]

Third generation (2014)[edit]

Saab PhoeniX

In February 2011, Saab's owners announced that a new version of the 9-3 would be launched in 2012 as a 2013 model[38] based on the Saab Phoenix platform employed in the Saab PhoeniX concept car.[39]

Designed by Jason Castriota, the car was planned to be available as a combi coupé/hatchback, convertible and crossover. The car was also to feature the new Saab IQon infotainment system as standard.

Due to Saab's bankruptcy and the marque's subsequent sale, the planned third generation 9-3 has been put on hold.[40] The new owner of the Saab estate, National Electric Vehicle Sweden, have stated that they intend to start producing an all-electric 9-3 ePower from 2013, although initial reports seem to indicate that this vehicle will be based on the 2nd generation 9-3, rather than the Phoenix platform and Jason Catriota penned designs originally planned for production.[41]

Manufacture of the Saab 9-3 resumed on December 2, 2013, with sales scheduled to resume on December 10, 2013. An electric version, based on the 9-3 platform, was planned for 2014.[42]

Awards and achievements[edit]

2005, 2006, 2007, 2008 and 2009

2006

  • Wards 10 Best Engines 2.8L V-6 Turbo[43]

2004

  • Best Pick in side-impact crash tests, Insurance Institute for Highway Safety. The Sport Sedan repeats the "Best Pick" rating from last year's IIHS frontal offset crash test and is now the first car with standard safety equipment to receive a double "Best Pick" honour.
  • Received highest rating, "Good" in the IIHS & Thatcham studies into the safety of car seats and head restraints, Insurance Institute for Highway Safety USA, Thatcham, Great Britain.
  • Awarded Compact Executive Car of the Year, Auto Trader, Great Britain
  • Voted Top Small Executive Car, Top Gear Magazine's New Car Buyer's Guide, Great Britain
  • Awarded one of "10 best Cars of the Year", Hong Kong Car and Driver, Hong Kong
  • Awarded Best European Intermediate/middle sedan, Car Plus Award, Hong Kong
  • Recommended buy, US Consumer Reports magazine, USA
  • Awarded maximum five star rating in EuroNCAP collision test, Saab 9-3 Convertible, EuroNCAP
  • Named UK's Most Secure Open-Top Car, British Insurance Car Security Awards, Great Britain
  • Prestigious Sporting Open Top award, The Institute of Vehicle Engineers (IVehE), Great Britain

2002

  • Awarded maximum five star rating in EuroNCAP collision test, Saab 9-3 Sports Sedan, EuroNCAP
  • Best Family Sedan, Saab 9-3 Sport Sedan, PBS's MotorWeek television, USA
  • Prestige Car of the Year, Saab 9-3 Sport Sedan, Brisbane Courier Mail, Australia
  • Best Buy, Saab 9-3 Sport Sedan, Expressen, Sweden
  • Best New Car, Saab 9-3 Arc Sport Sedan ($30,000 - $40,000 range), Kiplinger's Personal Finance magazine, USA

1999

  • Among the Top Ten Cars of 1999. Fortune Magazine, USA

1998

  • One of the Top Ten Cars — Fortune Magazine, USA
  • Among Top Ten Family Cars — Consumer's Review, USA

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Saab 9-3 Reborn ad, 2007". Youtube.com. 2009-09-02. Retrieved 2010-10-15. 
  2. ^ "SAAB Production Restarts in Sweden". The Epoch Times. 3 December 2013. Retrieved 9 December 2013. 
  3. ^ Rising, Malin (2 December 2013). "Saab Is Back: First Cars Produced Under New Owners". Associated Press. Retrieved 10 December 2013. 
  4. ^ "Saab Designer Profile – Einar Hareide". Saab History. Retrieved 2012-08-26. 
  5. ^ "Saab 9-3 history at The SaabMuseum.com — a comprehensive and up-to-date history of Saab cars". Saabmuseum.com. Retrieved 2010-03-23. 
  6. ^ "The ten worst cars we've ever tested". evo.co.uk. Retrieved 2008-04-06. 
  7. ^ a b Compliments of SAAB USA
  8. ^ "The last Saabs have been built… *updated!". SaabsUnited.com. 2012-02-22. Retrieved 2012-03-13. 
  9. ^ "Saab Designer Profile – Michael Mauer". saabhistory.com. Retrieved 2012-03-11. 
  10. ^ "Saab Designer Profile – Einar Hareide". Saab History. Retrieved 2012-06-08. 
  11. ^ Valdemar Lönnroth valdemar.lonnroth@ttela.se (2011-09-22). "ttela: Forna Saab-chefer på nya jobb". Ttela.se. Retrieved 2012-06-08. 
  12. ^ "Saab 9-3 Sport Sedan and SportCombi (Model Year 2008)". saabmedia.net. Archived from the original on 2007-09-29. Retrieved 2007-06-11. 
  13. ^ "The last Saabs have been built… *updated!". SaabsUnited.com. Retrieved 2012-02-23. 
  14. ^ a b "Automobile Magazine: 2008 Saab Turbo X - 2007 Frankfurt Auto Show". Automobilemag.com. Retrieved 2010-10-15. 
  15. ^ New England Auto Show vehicle gallery preview.[dead link]
  16. ^ "2009 Model Year Changes for Saab Sedans, Wagons, Convertibles and SUVs — Inside Line". Edmunds.com. 2008-10-03. Retrieved 2009-04-24. [dead link]
  17. ^ "2009 Saab 9-3 Reviews, Pictures and Prices". U.S. News Rankings and Reviews. Retrieved 2009-04-24. 
  18. ^ "Teknikens Värld: Saab 9-3X lanseras inom kort – Saab 9-5 kommer enligt schemat". Teknikensvarld.se. 2008-11-21. Retrieved 2010-10-15. 
  19. ^ "Press Release: New Saab 9-3 Diesels Set 119 g/km CO2 Class Benchmark". Saabsunited.com. 2010-09-08. Retrieved 2010-10-15. 
  20. ^ "New Saab 9-3 Griffin Range: Refreshed styling, more power, lower emissions". media.saab.com. Retrieved 2011-03-12. 
  21. ^ "More on Saab's Independence Day Edition". Saabsunited.com. 2011-01-09. Retrieved 2011-02-12. 
  22. ^ Teknikens värld: Nya Saab 9-3 Aero Sedan – tre snabba från provkörningen
  23. ^ "Tomorrow the internet sale of Saab cars begins". SAABSUNITED. Retrieved 10 December 2013. 
  24. ^ "Production of Saab 9-3 Aero Sedan has started in Trollhättan". National Electric Vehicle Sweden. December 2013. Retrieved 2 December 2013. 
  25. ^ Auto motor & sport: Vi provkör nya Saab 9-3: "Den känns väldigt mycket Saab"
  26. ^ Vi bilägare: Saab 9-3 Aero Sedan 2014 – rapport från provkörningen
  27. ^ Saab 9-3 owner's manual, May 2006 (model year 2007) (Danish)
  28. ^ Saab 9-3 owner's manual, May 2007 (model year 2008) (Danish)
  29. ^ Saab 9-3 Sport Sedan owner's manual, June 2002 (model year 2003) (Danish)
  30. ^ EurotaxGlass's International AG. "Schwacke Car Index — Version Personenwagen SAAB — Saab 9-3 LIMOUSINE 4 Türen ab 06/2002" (in German). Retrieved November 19, 2009. 
  31. ^ Saab. "Saab — Technische Daten" (in German). Retrieved November 19, 2009. 
  32. ^ "Saab 9-3 ePower Will Debut at 2010 Paris Auto Show". Edmunds.com Inside Line. 2010-09-17. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  33. ^ "Saab 9-3 ePower utilizes 135 kW UQM PowerPhase electric motor". AutoblogGreen. 2011-02-11. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  34. ^ David Jolly (2012-06-13). "Consortium to Buy Saab Automobile". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-06-18. 
  35. ^ David Herron (2012-06-13). "Saab resurrected to build electric 9-3 ePower for China". Torque News. Retrieved 2012-06-18. 
  36. ^ Eric Loveday (2013-09-20). "Saab Restarts Productions; Pure Electric Version of 9-3 Coming in 2015". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 2013-09-26. 
  37. ^ Antony Ingram (2014-04-08). "First Electric Saab 9-3 Models Built, Will Go To China Test Fleet". Green Car Reports. Retrieved 2014-04-19. 
  38. ^ "Car Magazine 2 February 2011". Carmagazine.co.uk. 2010-02-02. Retrieved 2011-03-23. 
  39. ^ 21 June 2010 (2010-06-21). "Next Saab 9-3's tech revealed". Autocar. Retrieved 2011-03-24. 
  40. ^ Valdemar Lönnroth valdemar.lonnroth@ttela.se. "Kommande 9-3 i tre huvudvarianter - Saab" (in Swedish). www.ttela.se. Retrieved 2011-05-23. 
  41. ^ "Teknikens Varld 10 January 2013". teknikensvarld.se. 2013-01-10. Retrieved 2013-04-08. 
  42. ^ Rauwald, Christopher, "Saab automobile production restarts after two years with 9-3", Bloomberg (December 2, 2013)
  43. ^ Visnic, Bill (2006-01-04). "General Motors Corp. 2.8L Turbocharged DOHC V-6". Wardsauto.com. Retrieved 2011-03-23. 

External links[edit]