Saab 92

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Not to be confused with Saab 9-2X.
Saab 92
1955saab92b.jpg
1955 Saab 92B
Overview
Manufacturer Saab Automobile
Production 1949–1956
Assembly Sweden: Trollhättan, Västergötland (Trollhättan Assembly)
Body and chassis
Class Compact
Body style 2-door coupé
Layout Transverse front-engine, front-wheel drive
Related
Powertrain
Engine 764 cc Two-stroke I2 (Gasoline)
Transmission 3-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,470 mm (97.2 in)
Length 3,950 mm (155.5 in)
Width 1,620 mm (63.8 in)
Height 1,430–1,450 mm (56.3–57.1 in)
Kerb weight 765–805 kg (1,687–1,775 lb)
Chronology
Predecessor Ursaab (Concept)
Successor Saab 93
SAAB 92 1949

Saab 92 is the first production automobile from Saab Automobile. The design was very aerodynamic for its time, with a cW value (drag coefficient) of 0.30. The entire body was stamped out of one piece of sheet metal and then cut to accommodate doors and windows. Full-scale production started December 12, 1949, based on the prototype Ursaab.[1] All of them were of the Deluxe version. A standard version was advertised, but nobody was interested in buying it so no standard versions were produced.[citation needed]

The engine was a transversely mounted, water-cooled two-cylinder, two-stroke 764 cc, 25 hp (19 kW) thermosiphon engine based on a DKW design, giving a top speed of 105 kilometres per hour (65 mph). The transmission had three gears, the first unsynchronised. In order to overcome the problems of oil starvation during overrun (engine braking) for the two-stroke engine, a freewheel device was fitted. The suspension was by torsion bars.

All early Saab 92s were painted in a dark green colour similar to British racing green. According to some sources,[who?] Saab had a surplus of green paint from wartime production of airplanes.

Saab's rally history already started two weeks after the 92 was released, when Saab's head engineer Rolf Mellde entered the Swedish Rally and came second in his class.

Only 700 1950 models were made. In 1951, the German VDO instruments were replaced by American Stewart-Warner components.

In 1952 Greta Molander won the 'Coupe des Dames' of the Monte Carlo Rally in a 92, tuned to 35 hp (26 kW). In 1953, the 92B arrived with a much larger rear window and larger luggage space (with an opening lid). It was now available in grey, blue-grey, black and green. In 1954 the Saab 92 got the new Solex 32BI carburetor and a new ignition coil giving 28 hp (21 kW). The US headlights were replaced with Hella units. Another novelty was that a textile roof (semi-cab or cabrio coach) was offered as an option. The color maroon was also introduced this year. In 1955, it acquired an electric fuel pump and square tail lights installed in the rear fenders. The colors were grey, maroon and a new color, moss green.

The English aviation test pilot 'Bob' Moore, who had helped to develop the Saab Tunnan (J29) jet aircraft, brought a 1955 Saab 92B back to England, when he returned, later to become the first managing director of Saab GB Ltd. This was reputedly the first-ever Saab car imported to the UK.

The Saab 93 was introduced in December 1955, but both the 92B and 93 were produced at the same time, for a while. The last 92 was assembled in late 1956–early 1957. Two new colors, grey-green and beige, were available. A total of 20,128 Saab 92s were made.

The Saab 92 appears on a Swedish postage stamp.

When General Motors in 2008 made a list of their top ten cars, the Saab 92 came in first followed by the Pontiac GTO (1964), the Chevrolet Corvette (1953), the EV1 (1996), the Opel Olympia (1936), the LaSalle (1927), the Chevrolet Bel Air (1955), the Cadillac V16 (1930), the Cadillac Model 30 (1910) and the Cadillac (1912)[2]

Spyker Cars NV, the Dutch maker of supercars, bought Saab in February 2010 from General Motors Co. In May 2010, Spyker's CEO stated the firm was planning a new small car, tear-drop shaped and inspired by the Saab 92 model [3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Giles Chapman (May 2009). The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Extraordinary Automobiles. Dorling Kindersley Ltd. p. 118. Retrieved 3 May 2012. 
  2. ^ "Teknikens Värld: Saab 92 i topp – när GM själva får välja". Teknikensvarld.se. Retrieved 2011-03-15.  (Swedish)
  3. ^ [1] Spyker in Talks to Build Version of 1950s Saab Model, Bloomberg.com

External links[edit]