Saadat Ali Khan II

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Saadat Ali Khan
Nawab Wazir of Oudh
Saadat Ali Khan II.jpg
Nawab Saadat Ali Khan II
Reign 1798–1814
Full name Yamin-ud-daula-Nawab Saadat Ali Khan
Titles Wazir-ul Mumalik
Yameen-ud Daulah
Nazim-ul Mumlikat
Khan Bahadur
Mubariz Jung[nt 1]
Ja'nnat Aramgah[nt 2]
Born b. bf. 1752
Died 11 July 1814
Place of death Lucknow
Buried Tombs of Qaiserbagh
Predecessor Mirza Wazir `Ali Khan
Successor Ghazi ad-Din Rafa`at ad-Dowla Abu´l-Mozaffar Haydar Khan
Consort Khursheed Zadi
Royal House Nishapuri
Dynasty Oudh
Father Shuja-ud-daula
Religious beliefs Shia Islam

Saadat Ali Khan (Persian: سعادت علی خان‎, Hindi: सआदत अली खान, Urdu: سعادت علی خان‎) (bf. 1752 – c. 11 July 1814) was the fifth[1] nawab wazir of Oudh from 21 January 1798 to 11 July 1814,[2] and the son of Muhammad Nasir.[3] He was of Persian origin.[4][5]

Life

Gates of the Palace at Lucknow by W. Daniell, 1801
"Claude Martin's home that was bought by Saadat Ali Khan for 50K rupees

He was the second son of Nawab Shuja-ud-daula. Saadat Ali Khan succeeded his half-nephew, Mirza Wazir `Ali Khan, to the throne of Oudh in 1798 after.

Succession to throne

Saadat Ali Khan was crowned on 21 January 1798 at Bibiyapur Palace in Lucknow, by Sir John Shore[6] after the assurance from Sadat Ali Khan for acquiescence to the company and to carry out its orders.[3]

Reduction in power

He was to sign another treaty by which the annual amount to be paid to the Company was increased by 20 lakhs to 76 lakhs. Fort of Allahabad and Fatehgarh along with 12 lakhs were given to Company for putting him on the throne. Governor asked him to reduce the force of Oudh (Which was 80,000 at the time of Asaf-ud-daula). His powers got reduced very much within three years of his reign. He became unable to pay the duesto the Company. On Nov 10, 1801 AD Company has taken half of the Oudh after his signature. Company got the area of Rohilkhand, Farukhabad, Mainpuri, Etawah, Kanpur, Fatehgarh, Allahabad, Azamgarh, Basti and Gorakhpur, from where Oudh was getting an income of Rs. 3 crores.[6] after the assurance from Sadat Ali Khan for acquiescence to the company and to carry out its orders.[3]

Construction

Most of the buildings between the Kaiserbagh and Dilkusha were constructed by him.[7]

He had a palace called Dilkusha Kothi designed and built by Sir Gore Ouseley in 1805.[6]

Death

Tomb of Nawab Saadat Ali Khan II, at Qaiser Bagh, Lucknow

Nawab Saadat Ali Khan died in 1814 and he was buried with his wife 'Khursheed Zadi' in the twin Tombs of Qaiserbagh.[6]

References

  1. ^ "Nawab Wazir Ali Khan". Oudh.tripod.com. Retrieved 2012-06-10. 
  2. ^ Ben Cahoon. "Princely States of India". Worldstatesmen.org. Retrieved 2012-06-10. 
  3. ^ a b c "HISTORY OF AWADH (Oudh) a princely State of India by Hameed Akhtar Siddiqui". Indiancoins.8m.com. Retrieved 2012-06-10. 
  4. ^ Sacred space and holy war: the politics, culture and history of Shi'ite Islam By Juan Ricardo Cole
  5. ^ Art and culture: endeavours in interpretation By Ahsan Jan Qaisar,Som Prakash Verma,Mohammad Habib
  6. ^ a b c d Saadat-Ali-Khan (1798-1814)[dead link]
  7. ^ "Nawabs Of Oudh & Their Secularism - Dr. B. S. Saxena". Oudh.tripod.com. Retrieved 2012-06-10. 

Notes

  1. ^ title after death
  2. ^ title after death

External links

Preceded by
Mirza Wazir `Ali Khan
Nawab Wazir al-Mamalik of Oudh
Jan 21 1798 – Jul 11 1814
Succeeded by
Ghazi ad-Din Rafa`at ad-Dowla Abu´l-Mozaffar Haydar Khan