Sabad Patshahi 10

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Dasam Granth
Dasam Granth - (ਦਸਮ ਗ੍ਰੰਥ ਸਾਹਿਬ)

Dasam.Granth.Frontispiece.BL.Manuscript.1825-1850.jpg

Banis
Jaap Sahib - Akal Ustat - Bachitar Natak - Chandi Charitar Ukat(i) Bilas - Chandi Charitar 2 - Chandi di Var - Gyan Parbodh - Chobis Avatar - Brahm Avtar - Rudar Avtar - Sabad patshahi 10 - 33 Swaiyey - Khalsa Mahima - Shastar Nam Mala - Charitropakhyan - Zafarnamah - Hikayats
Other Related Banis
Ugardanti - Bhagauti Astotar - Sri Kaal Chopai - Lakhi Jungle Khalsa - Asfotak Kabits - Sahansar Sukhmana - Vaar Malkauns Ki - Chandd - Chaupai Sahib - Tavparsadi Savaiye
History
Historical sources - Memorials
Various aspects
Idolatry Prohibtion

Sabad Patshahi 10, under title Sabad (Punjabi: ਸਬਦ), are ten religious hymns composed by Guru Gobind Singh which are present in Dasam Granth. These 10 hymns are also called Shabad Hazaare Patshahi 10. These hymns have comments on ritualistic practices in Sanyasis, Yogis and Bairagis and also against any form of Idolatry, Human Worship or worshiping deities.

Information[edit]

  • These hymns are primarily composed in Braj and Hindi languages,[1] with plentiful use of sanskritic words,[2] except 6th Hymn, which is composed in Punjabi with some Urdu words.
  • Excluding Hymn No. 6, All other hymns have 3 Padas and Rahau (The Pause) is placed in beginning of Shabad
  • Hymn 6th was composed at Machiwara where as others were composed at Anandpur Sahib. The ordering of Hymns was given by Bhai Mani Singh
  • The only Six Ragas present in Dasam Granth are in title of Hymns
  • These shabads deal with futility of ascetism, idolatry and attachment[3]
  • Shabad Hazare is a title given to collection of these shabads. Though it is not present in main text and the meaning is not too clear but traditionally it is believed that one shabad have merit of thousand.[4] Some scholar link hazare word to Persian Hijr means separation which linked as the shabads separates us from Maya,[5] where it is also believed to come from the word Haazra (means present) i.e. word of Haazar Hazoor
  • In Shabad 5 Guru Sahib tell that man should not worship creation but the creator

Hymns[edit]

  1. Re Man Aiso Kar Sanyasa - Raga Ramkali
  2. Re Man ih bidh jog kamao - Raga Ramkali
  3. Praani Param Purakh Pag laago - Raga Ramkali
  4. Prabh ju tu keh laaj hamari - Raga Sorath
  5. Bin Kartar na Kirtam Maano - Raga Kalyan
  6. Mittar pyare nu - Khyaal
  7. Kewal Kaal hi Kartaar - Raga Tilang Kaafi
  8. So kim Manas roop kahai - Raga Bilawal
  9. ek bin dusar na ko chinar - Raga Devgandhari
  10. Bin har naam na bachan paayi hai - Raga Devgandhari

References[edit]

  1. ^ Page 18, Dasam Granth, S. S Kapoor
  2. ^ Page, 115 Teachings of the Sikh Gurus, C. Shackle, Arvind-Pal Singh Mandair, Routledge, 2005
  3. ^ Page-6, Hymns From The Dasam Granth, Gobind Singh Mansukhani, Hemkunt Press, 1993
  4. ^ Teachings of the Sikh Gurus, C. Shackle, Arvind-Pal Singh Mandair, Routledge, 2005
  5. ^ The Encyclopedia of Sikhism, H. S Singha, Hemkunt Press, 2000

External links[edit]