Sabah (singer)

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Sabah
Sabah - Al Mawed.jpg
Sabah
Background information
Native name صباح
Birth name Jeanette Gergis Al-Feghali
Born (1927-11-10)10 November 1927
Bdadoun, Greater Lebanon
Died 26 November 2014(2014-11-26) (aged 87)
Beirut, Lebanon
Genres Arabic music, Lebanese music, Arab pop, folk, traditional pop
Occupation(s) Singer, actor
Instruments Vocals
Years active 1943–2009

Sabah (Arabic: صباح‎; born Jeanette Gergis Al-Feghali, 10 November 1927, Bdadoun, Lebanon – 26 November 2014) was a Lebanese singer and actress. Considered a "Diva of Music" in the Arab World, (the same title often given to Oum Kalthoum, Warda Al-Jazairia and Fairuz), she released over 50 albums and acted in 98 movies as well as over 20 stage plays. She had a reported 3,500 songs in her repertoire. She was among the first Arabic singers to perform at the Olympia in Paris, Carnegie Hall in New York, the Piccadilly Theatre in London and at the Sydney Opera House.[1] She was considered one of the four Lebanese icons along with Fairuz, Wadih El Safi and Zaki Nassif and was nicknamed "Empress of the Lebanese Song" (Arabic: إمبراطورة الأغنية اللبنانية‎).

Career[edit]

Sabah released her first song in 1940 at age 13. She soon caught the eye of Egyptian film producer Asia Dagher, who immediately signed her for three films. The first of these, El-Qalb Louh Wahid (The Heart Has Its Reasons), made her a star and she became known by her character's name—Sabah—which is Arabic for morning. She also acquired several affectionate nicknames, including "Shahroura" ("singing bird") and "Sabbouha," a diminutive of Sabah. Among her most popular films were Soft Hands (1964), Ataba Square (1959), and The Second Man (1960), in which she played a cabaret singer who vows to avenge her brother's death at the hands of a smuggling ring. In her parallel music career, she recorded more than 3,000 songs, working with a string of legendary Egyptian composers, including the late Mohammed Abdul-Wahhab. She specialised in a Lebanese folk tradition called the mawal, and her most famous songs included "Zay el-Assal" ("Your Love is Like Honey on my Heart") and "Akhadou el-Reeh" ("They Took the Wind"). Sabah released over 50 albums and acted in 98 films during her career.

In addition to her Lebanese citizenship, Sabah held Egyptian, Jordanian and US citizenship as well, and continued to perform and make television appearances into her 80s.

Personal life[edit]

Sabah married nine times, most notably to Egyptian actor Roshdi Abaza and Lebanese author-director Wassim Tabbara. Her last marriage, to Lebanese artist Fadi Lubnan, lasted 17 years. She had two children, doctor Sabah Shammas and actress Howayda Mansy, both of whom live in the United States.

Sabah was humorously mocked for her nine marriages and, in her advanced age, refusal to leave the limelight, as well as her garish outfits and use of cosmetic surgery. But she was unabashed: "I'm proud that I'm a village girl but I had a lot of ambition," she said in 2008. Chady Maalouf, head of programming at Voice of Lebanon radio said, "She broke so many taboos. I don't know if she was even aware of it...She was the example of a star, she was totally complete in her appearance, behaviour and voice. She shocked people all the time."

Last Years[edit]

Sabah experienced financial difficulties and after selling her home in the early 2000s, moved to Hotel Comfort in Hazmieh, Beirut and later lived in Hotel Brazilia next door. She suffered from many illnesses due to several thrombus in her brain leading to loss of control of her left hand and foot. Though her condition impaired her concentration, her memory remained in tact. Al Shahrourah

Until 2009, she performed both in concert and on television, including such programs as Star Academy (the Arabic equivalent of the United Kingdom’s Fame Academy), where she sang her new single onstage opposite a line of mannequins displaying costumes from several of her early films and musicals. In the 1990s, she and her former husband Fadi Lubnan (Kuntar) made a documentary about her life. She also developed a close collaboration with singer Rola Saad in remaking some of her old hits, such as “Yana Yana”. The accompanying video, in which Sabah is shown as “the notorious diva” to whom her younger colleague pays tribute, has received wide play on Arabic music channels. Sabah was hosted on Akher Man Yalam on 31 May 2010. In the 2011 edition of the Beiteddine Art Festival, a show retracing the incredible journey of Sabah as a singer and movie star was performed. In the title role Ruwaida Attieh shared the stage with more than 40 singers and dancers.

Death[edit]

Constant rumors involving Sabah’s death had circulated because of her advanced age and she was described as “The artist who would not die”. Saddened by those rumors, Sabah said, ”Am I bothering them while i’m still alive ?”.

Sabah did die on November 26, 2014 at the age of 87 in her home at Hotel Brazilia for unspecified reasons around 3:00 a.m. Clauda Akl, the daughter of her sister Lamia said that Sabah wished before dying that people will dance Dabke at her funeral, to not feel sad and to keep listening to her songs and be happy, like Sabah always gave happiness to people. Sabah said: “I’ve lived enough”.

Funeral: Sunday 30 November, 2014[edit]

Hundreds of friends, family and fans packed into Beirut church face downtown "Saint Georges" Sunday 30 November 2014 four days after her death to say farewell to the famed Lebanese singer, actress and entertainer Sabah.The daylong proceedings took on a festive air as the crowds celebrated the taboo-breaking six-decade career of Sabah. A military brass band played in the street outside St. George Cathedral in downtown Beirut, where fans clapped and sang their favorite Sabah songs. A troupe of dancers in traditional dress performed to the diva's music played from loudspeakers. "I will call it celebration not a funeral," said Lebanese actress Ward El-Khal. "We feel today that we came here to share her feelings and to remember her. We will miss her." For the funeral Mass, Sabah's flag-draped coffin stood near the altar with a giant picture of the singer as a young woman with peroxide-blond hair. After the service, mourners carried the casket aloft while people clapped, threw flowers and reached out to touch it and the photograph outside to a waiting hearse. Sabah's body was carried through many towns to the church where she was buried.

Televised biography[edit]

Al Shahrourah, a TV drama based on her life, aired during Ramadan 2011. She was portrayed by actress/singer Carole Samaha. Sabah’s reaction was mostly positive towards the series and she was happy that it was a success, though she made comment about certain inaccuracies, such as the depiction of her father as wearing traditional Lebanese garb. [2]

Awards[edit]

Sabah received many awards during her lengthy career. Recent examples include:

  • Lifetime Achievement Award from the Dubai International Film Festival.[3]
  • Honoured by the Egyptian Cinema in Cairo.[4]
  • Honoured in Beirut with a statue.[4]

Selected filmography[edit]

  • Iyam El Loulou written by Karim Abou Chakra (As well as Nousi Nousi a play written and directed by Karim Abou Chakra)
  • Kanat Ayyam (1970)
  • Nar el shawk (1970)
  • Mawal (1966)
  • El Aydi el naema (1963) aka Soft Hands
  • El Motamarreda (1963)
  • Jaoz marti aka my wife's husband (1961)
  • El Rajul el thani (1960)
  • El Ataba el khadra (1959)
  • Sharia el hub (1958)
  • Salem al habaieb (1958)
  • Izhay ansak (1956)
  • Wahabtak hayati (1956)
  • Khatafa mirati (1954)
  • Lahn hubi (1953)
  • Zalamuni el habaieb (1953)
  • Khadaini abi (1951)
  • Ana Satuta (1950)
  • Sabah el khare aka good morning (1948)
  • Albi wa saifi(1947)
  • lubnani fi al gamiaa (1947)

Selected discography[edit]

Album Title Song Title Release Year
Alhan Bladi 1957
Shab Wistahla
Laish Bitizaal, Laish Bitghar
Qululi Limin
Ya Huwaidalak
Abu Al-Zuluf
Lubnan Al-dini Killa
Al-Dabka
Ghani ma Sabah 1957
Tayyib Tayyib
Khabbi Ounak Khabbiha
Miqaddar Min Allah
Shayif Ghazali
Ya Layla
Mawsam Al Ez (Musical theatre) "Sabah, wadih al safi, nasri shamseldi" 1960
Ain Al rumman (Musical theatre) "Sabah, Wadih Al Safi, Felemon wehbi, Soad Hashim" 1960
Fatinat Ajjamahir 1964
Sana Helwa
Jeeb el Mejwez
Shukran
Zeffoune
Ahla bi Hattali
El Batta
Jina Eddar
Ya Kerkadann
Sabah in ASh-Shallal ( Film ) 1964
Shams Al Shammous 1966
Allo Beyrout
Ya Beit Eddine
El Kalaa
Men El Sham Li Beirut
Sheftou Bel Anater
Al Warka khartasht shway
Dabkeh men hal wadeh
Atshana ya sabaya
Dawalib Al Hawa 1966
Ya Fahd Al abour
Ghani ya Monjaira ( Composed by Felemon Wehbi )
Haida al qasab ya asmar
Ahla w sahla ya samar
Ya rait La
Ismi Hala
Asfourak Tayr
Ghani Hala
Ajebkom Ya Ghahd Al abour
Sahia ya Jama'a
Atba ala atba ( Composed by Felemon wehbi )
wa han ya jama'a
Tir ya doulab el hawa
Ya bizrati aib alaiki
Yam al zinnar
Shou ya Fahd
Ya houmoum al ahali
Sabah Vol. 1 1967
Jary Ya jary
Al Kalaa
Ataba w Maana
Ydoum Izzak
Bayyaa al tiffah
Lizz El Koursi
Ya Msafir
Al Yadi El Yadi
Sabah Vol.2 1967
Al Basata
Helweh w mamshouka
Abou El Zolof
A weeha
Ya Aziz Aini
Ya Bou El darawish
Al zamakeh
Rejehna
Ahla w sahla w marhaba 1972
Yeslam lana loubnan
Ahla Bhal talli ahla
Abouzoulof
Habibi Mitlena
Mijana w ataba
Layla w layla
Addabke Oumu Addabki
Arrozana
A loubnan Lakouna
Loubnan el dini kella
Al manadil 1973
Al raff
Hobbi ilak
Hob Omr Jedid
Hakani Chab
Trkni men azabak
Kellon bihebouni
Khaifa
Al Mandil
Tir Ajnah el Hawa (Mawal)
Josi ma Bielfi
Dekt El Murr (Mawal)
Sabah in "Sit el kol" (Musical theatre) 1974
Abnou el kousour
Bar Tita
Massainakom massouna
Jani wa talb al sabah
Dakhlak La Toualikani (t3ale2ni)
aini ya aini
Ya dalaa Dallaa
Hamburger
wakayamhou dab tiyabi
al hawbar al haybar
Ezzabi
zakfi ya chabab
Sabah in "Helwe Ktir" (Musical theatre) 1975
El Mjawazz
Leych
Oumo norkos
Marhaba ya habayeb
Kahil El Eyn
Bawsse
Tghandari
Rouhi Ya sayfiyye
Stenn Brenn
Sabah in Paris 1976
Saide Leyletna Saide
Zaafe Zaafe ya chabab
Dek el kaf
Ya Dalaa dallaa
La ou La
Sabah in Shahr el Asal Vol.1 ( Comedy Theater ) 1977
Shou esmak
Hiwar ya shabab
Abou Nayef
Hiwar Bhebak ya Sa3ti
Wehyatak 3al Ghali
Sharfi wa Ordi
Mawsam Shiti
Sabah in Shahr el Asal Vol.2 ( Comedy Theater ) 1977
Men Aboukra
Marhab Marhab
Hala Hala
Ahna Beit El Marhoum
Weynou Weynou
Ya habayeb
El Mirathat
Lamma Lyamk
Chou Ya Dalaa
Terlalli
Ghadab
Helwey Lebnan
Sabah 1977
Helwet Lebnan
Ya lebnan Dakhl Trabak
Zay El Amar
Alouli El hob Biyenbaa
Ya Maarmargi
Rouh Tjawaz ya abdo
Ya Habibi ya hayati
Lama a Tarik El Eyn
La ou La
Sabah - 10 Annees de succes 1978
Ah Ya Dini
Ali ya Ali
Alo Beirut
Annadda Nadda
Arrozana
Al Asfouriyat
Wassaltina Lnoss Lbeir
Ghaltan bnemra

[5]

References[edit]