Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah

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Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah
Sheikh Sabah IV.jpg
Emir of Kuwait
Reign 29 January 2006 – present
Predecessor Saad Al-Abdullah Al-Salim Al-Sabah
Heir apparent Nawaf Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah
Prime Ministers
Prime Minister of Kuwait
Reign 13 July 2003 – 29 January 2006
Predecessor Saad Al-Abdullah Al-Salim Al-Sabah
Successor Nasser Al-Mohammed Al-Ahmed Al-Sabah
Monarch
Spouse Fatuwah bint Salman Al-Sabah (Died 1990)
House House of Al-Sabah
Father Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah
Mother Munira Al-Ayyar
Born (1929-06-16) 16 June 1929 (age 85)
Kuwait City, Kuwait
Religion Islam

Sabah IV Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah GCB (Hon) (Arabic: الشيخ صباح الأحمد الجابر الصباح born 16 June 1929) is the 5th Prince of Kuwait and the Commander of the Military of Kuwait. He was sworn in on 29 January 2006 after confirmation by the National Assembly of Kuwait. He is the fourth son of Kuwait's 10th ruler Sheikh Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah. As of 2014 he was the head of the Sabah monarchy.

Early life[edit]

Al-Sabah was born on 16 June 1929. He received primary education at Al Mubarakya School during the 1930s and then completed his education under tutors during which the world and Kuwait were witnessing the growing effects of World War II with so more implications for the future of the Arab world. He is the half-brother of the previous Emir of Kuwait, Sheikh Jaber Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah.

Political Career & Reign (1963 - Present)[edit]

Throughout his career, Sabah always held multiple and joint posts simultaneously of significant responsibilities [1] Before the independence of Kuwait in 1961, Sabah was the head of Department of Press and Publications in 1955.[2] Following the independence, Sabah was appointed Minister of Guidance and Information on January 17th, 1962.[3]

Foreign Minister of Kuwait (1963-2003)[edit]

Sabah is considered one of the longest serving foreign ministers in the world with a tenure debuting in 1963 and ending in 2003.[4] Sabah was appointed Foreign Minister of Kuwait on January 28th, 1963 and held the post throughout all the governments formed since the independence until April 20th, 1991.[5]

Multiple Joint Posts (1971-1992)[edit]

During his tenure as Foreign Minister; Sabah added other joint posts to his responsibilities.[6] Sabah was the acting [Minister of Information] from February 2nd 1971 to February 3 1975 in addition to his post as Foreign Minister.[7] In addition, Sabah also assumed the post of first Deputy Prime Minister along with his post of Foreign Minister on February 16th, 1978.[8] On February 9th 1982, Sabah reassumed the post of Minister of Information jointly with his post of Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs.[9] Subsequently, on March 3rd 1985; Sabah was Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs.[10]

First Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs (1985-2003)[edit]

On March 3rd 1985, Sabah came to be the First Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs.[11]

Prime Minister of Kuwait (2003-2006)[edit]

As per an Amiri decree was issued on July 13th, 2003; Sabah was appointed as Prime Minister of the State of Kuwait.[12]

His Highness Reign and Emir of the State of Kuwait (2006- Present)[edit]

On January 29th 2006, Sabah was unanimously appointed as Emir of the State of Kuwait.[13]

Dynastic crisis of January 2006[edit]

U.S. Vice President Dick Cheney meets with Prime Minister Sheikh Sabah to deliver condolences on the death of the Emir in 2006.

On 15 January 2006 the emir, Sheikh Jaber, died, making Sheikh Saad, Crown Prince of Kuwait, the new emir. With the accession of Sheikh Saad, Sabah was likely to become the new Crown Prince, retaining his function of Prime Minister. However, the Constitution requires that the Emir be sworn in before Parliament, and the oath of office is complex; soon the word began to spread that Sheikh Saad was unable to take the oath in full. Some reports suggested that he suffered from Alzheimer's disease or some other debilitating disease; it was generally agreed that he was unable to speak, at least at any length.[14] After a power struggle within the ruling family, Sheikh Saad agreed to abdicate as the Emir of Kuwait on 23 January 2006 due to his illness. The ruling family then chose Sheikh Sabah as the new Emir of Kuwait. On 24 January 2006, Kuwait’s parliament voted Emir Saad out of office, moments before an official letter of abdication was received.[15] The Kuwaiti Cabinet nominated Al-Sabah to take over as emir. He swore in on 29 January 2006 with the National Assembly's approval, ending that crisis.

Government crisis of March 2008[edit]

Al-Sabah dissolved the National Assembly of Kuwait on 19 March 2008 and called for early elections on 17 May 2008, after the cabinet resigned in the week of 17 March 2008 following a power struggle with the government.[16]

2012 parliamentary suspension[edit]

Though Kuwait initially avoided the Arab Spring pro-democracy protests sweeping the region since early 2011, a struggle broke out between the House of Sabah and a parliament calling for greater independence in 2012; leading His Highness, the Commander of the Military of Kuwait, to dissolve parliament.[17] In June 2012, His Highness took the step of activating article 106 of the Kuwaiti constitution, suspending the National Assembly for one month. It was the first time in Kuwait's 50-year parliamentary history that the assembly had been suspended in this way, although it was twice dissolved unconstitutionally (in 1976 and in 1986), and was dissolved constitutionally four times since 2006.[18]

Guardian of Arab Solidarity and Integrity[edit]

His Highness Sheikh Sabah has always been considered a guardian of the integrity of the Arab world and his efforts were always up to standards for undermining any division within the Arab ranks. Needless to say that His Highness Sheikh Sabah fund of Arab leaders and countries has not only put forth the security and stability of the Arab world but also giving much attention to the needy and defenseless of the rest of the world and that through direct investment on all the continents [19]

Cold War Era (1947-1991)[edit]

Kuwait-Iraq lead Negotiator for Borders Demarcations (1973)[edit]

Following the deterring effect of Operation Vantage (1961), Kuwait gained its recognition by Iraq in 1963.[20] Both countries had ongoing border disputes and clashes throughout most of the 1960s; however, that did not affect Sabah who always regarded the Iraqi people as brotherly Arabs in regional affairs. More so, during the 1967 Six-Day War, the Kuwaiti Armed Forces and Iraqi Armed Forces were on the same side despite the unstable history between the Kuwaiti and Iraqi government.[21] Subsequently and always out of Arab solidarity, Sabah; back then Foreign Minister; headed a delegation and visited the brotherly country of Iraq and their leadership on February 26th, 1973 as the lead negotiator in order to reason with the leadership back then about a border solution. Unfortunately, his good will and Arab Solidarity didn't meet his expectations and both countries found themselves engaged in the Kuwait–Iraq 1973 Sanita border skirmish.[22]

General Support & Halting of the Lebanese Civil War (1975-1990)[edit]

Sabah also played a pivotal role and is internationally credited in bringing the Lebanese Civil War to a halt (1975-1990).[23] Such a determining mission was lead by His Highness; then Minister of Foreign Affairs of the State of Kuwait; who lobbied and work relentlessly to safeguard the integrity of Lebanon; an Arab country; coming under unjustifiable foreign influences and interferences in attempt to divide the Arab world.[24]

Yemen Crisis & Reconciliation (1972)[edit]

Sabah's efforts were monumental in overcoming the ideological differences between the Yemen Arab Republic (Sanaa) and the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen (Aden).[25] Following his visits to both countries, the crisis came to an end and both countries signed a peace accord and trade exchange pact.[26]

Sultanate of Oman & People's Democratic Republic of Yemen Reconciliation (1984)[edit]

Similarly within efforts of admiration to avoid divide of brotherly Arab nations; Sabah played a monumental role reconciling the row between the Sultanate of Oman and the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen.[27] Both countries halted their media war and their internal political interferences amongst each other while establishing diplomatic relations.[28]

Soviet Union & U.S. and Western European Relations[edit]

During the unknown and difficult times of the cold war; the small State of Kuwait came under a harsh test.[29] However, foreign policy of the country under the guidance and leadership of Sabah didn't hesitate to take neutral and firm positions vis-à-vis of a balanced foreign policy.[30] Up to the test, Kuwait foreign policy avoided polarization and ideological targeting while seeking to establish relations with peaceful states regardless of their political orientation.[31] As a result, Kuwait was amongst the first states in the Arab world to establish diplomatic ties with the ten Soviet Union and East European countries while at the same time maintaining close and flourishing relations with the United States and West European countries.[32] a testimony for such a paradox was the initiation of joint training between the Kuwaiti Armed Forces and the United States Armed Forces in 1977.[33]

Unification within the ranks of the Arab League[edit]

Sabah was a firm believer within unification of the Arab nation.[34] In his belief, only a united Arab nation can insinuate real force.[35] Subsequently, Sabah was always keen to support and back fully the causes of the Arab League and the important role it played abiding by its charter and laws.[36] Hence, on the basis that a justifiable application of the due role is respected by the constituents; the League as an Arab nation, can face or manage any surmountable conflict of any size.[37]

Gulf War (1990-1991)[edit]

Managing the effects of international crisis, following and ending relentlessly wars and feuds amongst Arab leaders, maintaining foreign relations in unknown times; Sabah found himself managing a crisis deeply affecting his nation with the Iraqi invasion. However, with such a devotion for peace and security; it wasn't unusual for those that saw his accomplishments to understand the quick forming a 34 nations coalition force upon the request of His Highness Sheikh Jaber Al-Ahmad Al-Sabah; specially, the immediate military support of Arab counties.[38] Deeply affected and with a determined will, Sabah rushed to restore Kuwaiti international relations after the Gulf War and was involved in restoring the country after the Iraqi invasion.

Post Cold War Era (1947-1991)[edit]

His Highness a Humanitarian Leader[edit]

Kuwait and the Syrian Crisis[edit]

The Syrian crisis has drastically escalated with number of deaths specially amongst women and children.[39] The crisis according to United Nations estimates, had claimed until 2013, 130 000 deaths, 100,000 wounded and more than 3 million refugees.[40] Subsequently and under the leadership and guidance of His Highness, Sheikh Sabah; Kuwait accompanied the crisis at all the various obstacles.[41] As testimony, His Highness Sheikh Sabah spearheaded, in 2013 and 2014, the first and second International Humanitarian Pledging Conferences for Syria in which His Highness, Sheikh Sabah declared donation of USD 300 million for securing humanitarian aid for the Syrian people.[42] In response to His Highness's call; pledged donations by the participating states exceeded USD 1.5 Billion including USD 30 million offered by the State of Kuwait.[43] Following the first conference, His Highness Sheikh Sabah spearheaded a second conference in which appealed to citizens, residents, welfare associations, the private sector and dignitaries to take part in the campaign to relieve the Syrian people inside and outside Syria.[44] The second conference took part in Kuwait upon the graceful patronage of His Highness Sheikh Sabah to an appeal by Secretary-General of the United Nations Ban Ki-moon[45] During that conference, His Highness called for a USD 500 million donation to relief the Syrian people and hailed all those individuals that supported the cause along with encouraging them to keep such a humanitarian continuation.[46] Accordingly, Mr.Ban declared that financial donations during the second conference reached USD 2.4 billion and expressed his gratitude to the State of Kuwait and its contributions.[47] His Highness Sheikh Sabah stated the sole purpose of the conferences is that for the well being of mankind and the future security of the region and the world. [48] Amid and following the gigantic efforts of Kuwait, mainly His Highness Sheikh Sabah at the humanitarian level worldwide and the hosting of two aid conferences for Syria; the UN Chief announced that Kuwait had turned into «an international humanitarian center and its Amir is the humanitarian leader». [49]

Significant laws passed during his reign[edit]

  • An increase of his stipend from 8 million KD (approximately $25 million) to 50 million KD (approximately $188 million) annually[citation needed]
  • A media law said to be one of the strongest press freedom laws in the Arab world[50]

Other positions held[edit]

  • Member of the Central Committee Municipality Council from 1954 to 1955.
  • Member of the Building and Construction council.
  • Chairman of the Social Affairs and Labour Authority in 1955.
  • Member of the Higher Council of Country Affairs in 1956.
  • Chairman of the Printing and Publishing Authority from 9 September 1956 to 17 January 1962
  • Minister of Information - in the first cabinet that took power after independence in the period of Sheikh Abdullah Salim Al-Sabah, on 17 January 1962.
  • Foreign Minister since 28 January 1963.
  • Deputy Prime Minister on 16 February 1978 in addition to his post of Foreign Minister.
  • First Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister on 18 October 1992.
  • Member of the Supreme Council of Planning in 1996, headed by the Crown Prince Sheikh Saad Al-Abdullah Al-Salim Al-Sabah.
  • Chairman of the Cabinet's Joint Ministerial Committee on Priorities of Governmental Work.
  • Prime Minister from 13 July 2003 to 29 January 2006.
  • Honorary Trustee of the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York

Titles, styles and honours[edit]

Monarchical styles of
The Emir of Kuwait
Coat of arms of Kuwait.svg
Reference style His Highness
Spoken style Your Highness
Alternative style Sheikh

Titles and styles[edit]

  • 16 June, 1929 – 13 July 2003: His Excellency Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah
  • 13 July, 2003 – 30 January, 2006: His Highness Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, Prime Minister of the State of Kuwait
  • 30 January, 2006 – present: His Highness Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, Emir of the State of Kuwait[51]

Honours and awards[52][edit]

Ancestry[edit]

Personal life[edit]

Al-Sabah's wife, Sheikha Fatuwah (also his cousin), died before August 1990. He has two sons, Sheikh Nasser (Minister of the Ruler's Court "Diwan Amiri"), and Sheikh Hamed. Sheikh Sabah also had two other children who died. His daughter, Sheikha Salwa, died from breast cancer on 23 June 2002 in London.[60] The Emir named his palace "Dar Salwa" (the House of Salwa) after her. His third son, Sheikh Ahmed, died in a car accident in 1969.

The Emir enjoys fishing and travels to Oman frequently (Salalah in the Dhofar Governorate to be exact)[61] where he owns a small island[citation needed] and goes fishing for leisure. He shies away from areas where there is a lot of glamour preferring instead areas where he can keep a low profile. Al-Sabah also frequented Somalia to hunt, and after the political turmoil, he still continues.[61]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1], Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmed Al-Jaber Al-Sabah; His Highness the Amir, Al-Diwan Al-Amiri (His Highness's Court); Retrieved 18/12/2014
  2. ^ [2], Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmed Al-Jaber Al-Sabah; His Highness the Amir, Al-Diwan Al-Amiri (His Highness's Court); Retrieved 18/12/2014
  3. ^ [3], Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmed Al-Jaber Al-Sabah; His Highness the Amir, Al-Diwan Al-Amiri (His Highness's Court); Retrieved 18/12/2014
  4. ^ "Independence and building the modern state". Al Diwan Al Amiri. Retrieved 12 October 2013. 
  5. ^ [4], Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmed Al-Jaber Al-Sabah; His Highness the Amir, Al-Diwan Al-Amiri (His Highness's Court); Retrieved 18/12/2014
  6. ^ [5], Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmed Al-Jaber Al-Sabah; His Highness the Amir, Al-Diwan Al-Amiri (His Highness's Court); Retrieved 18/12/2014
  7. ^ [6], Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmed Al-Jaber Al-Sabah; His Highness the Amir, Al-Diwan Al-Amiri (His Highness's Court); Retrieved 18/12/2014
  8. ^ [7], Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmed Al-Jaber Al-Sabah; His Highness the Amir, Al-Diwan Al-Amiri (His Highness's Court); Retrieved 18/12/2014
  9. ^ [8], Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmed Al-Jaber Al-Sabah; His Highness the Amir, Al-Diwan Al-Amiri (His Highness's Court); Retrieved 18/12/2014
  10. ^ [9], Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmed Al-Jaber Al-Sabah; His Highness the Amir, Al-Diwan Al-Amiri (His Highness's Court); Retrieved 18/12/2014
  11. ^ [10], Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmed Al-Jaber Al-Sabah; His Highness the Amir, Al-Diwan Al-Amiri (His Highness's Court); Retrieved 18/12/2014
  12. ^ [11], Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmed Al-Jaber Al-Sabah; His Highness the Amir, Al-Diwan Al-Amiri (His Highness's Court); Retrieved 18/12/2014
  13. ^ [12], Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmed Al-Jaber Al-Sabah; His Highness the Amir, Al-Diwan Al-Amiri (His Highness's Court); Retrieved 18/12/2014
  14. ^ "The Kuwait Succession Crisis and the New Leadership". The Estimate. 27 February 2006. Archived from the original on 3 November 2012. Retrieved 7 December 2006. 
  15. ^ Tim Butcher (24 January 2006). "Kuwait in crisis as sick emir abdicates". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 3 November 2012. Retrieved 3 November 2012. 
  16. ^ "Emir steps in to stem Kuwait's conflict". CNN. 19 March 2008. Archived from the original on 3 November 2012. Retrieved 3 November 2012. 
  17. ^ "Kuwait opposition to boycott vote, calls for protests". Chicago Tribune. 3 November 2012. Archived from the original on 3 November 201. Retrieved 3 November 2012.  Check date values in: |archivedate= (help)
  18. ^ Kristian Coates Ulrichsen (20 June 2012). "Political showdown in Kuwait". Foreign Policy. Archived from the original on 3 November 2012. Retrieved 3 November 2012. 
  19. ^ [13], Honoring Kuwait 2014, Kuwait News Agency (KUNA), Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah...A Humanitarian Leader; Section on " His Highness the Amir...His Biography & His Journey", Chapter 2; Retrieved December 17th,2014
  20. ^ [14], Kuwaiti Ministry of Defense,(Section Arabic Read الجيش الكويتي)
  21. ^ [15], Kuwaiti Ministry of Defense,(Section Arabic Read الجيش الكويتي)
  22. ^ [16], Kuwaiti Ministry of Defense,(Section Arabic Read الجيش الكويتي)
  23. ^ [17], Honoring Kuwait 2014, Kuwait News Agency (KUNA), Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah...A Humanitarian Leader; Section on " His Highness the Amir...His Biography & His Journey", Page 42-43; Retrieved December 17th,2014
  24. ^ [18], Honoring Kuwait 2014, Kuwait News Agency (KUNA), Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah...A Humanitarian Leader; Section on " His Highness the Amir...His Biography & His Journey", Page 42-43; Retrieved December 17th,2014
  25. ^ [19], Honoring Kuwait 2014, Kuwait News Agency (KUNA), Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah...A Humanitarian Leader; Section on " His Highness the Amir...His Biography & His Journey", Page 42-43; Retrieved December 17th,2014
  26. ^ [20], Honoring Kuwait 2014, Kuwait News Agency (KUNA), Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah...A Humanitarian Leader; Section on " His Highness the Amir...His Biography & His Journey", Page 42-43; Retrieved December 17th,2014
  27. ^ [21], Honoring Kuwait 2014, Kuwait News Agency (KUNA), Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah...A Humanitarian Leader; Section on " His Highness the Amir...His Biography & His Journey", Page 42-43; Retrieved December 17th,2014
  28. ^ [22], Honoring Kuwait 2014, Kuwait News Agency (KUNA), Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah...A Humanitarian Leader; Section on " His Highness the Amir...His Biography & His Journey", Page 42-43; Retrieved December 17th,2014
  29. ^ [23], Honoring Kuwait 2014, Kuwait News Agency (KUNA), Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah...A Humanitarian Leader; Section on " His Highness the Amir...His Biography & His Journey", Page 42-43; Retrieved December 17th,2014
  30. ^ [24], Honoring Kuwait 2014, Kuwait News Agency (KUNA), Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah...A Humanitarian Leader; Section on " His Highness the Amir...His Biography & His Journey", Page 42-43; Retrieved December 17th,2014
  31. ^ [25], Honoring Kuwait 2014, Kuwait News Agency (KUNA), Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah...A Humanitarian Leader; Section on " His Highness the Amir...His Biography & His Journey", Page 42-43; Retrieved December 17th,2014
  32. ^ [26], Honoring Kuwait 2014, Kuwait News Agency (KUNA), Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah...A Humanitarian Leader; Section on " His Highness the Amir...His Biography & His Journey", Page 42-43; Retrieved December 17th,2014
  33. ^ [27], Kuwaiti Ministry of Defense,(Section Arabic Read الجيش الكويتي)
  34. ^ [28], Honoring Kuwait 2014, Kuwait News Agency (KUNA), Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah...A Humanitarian Leader; Section on " His Highness the Amir...His Biography & His Journey", Page 42-43; Retrieved December 17th,2014
  35. ^ [29], Honoring Kuwait 2014, Kuwait News Agency (KUNA), Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah...A Humanitarian Leader; Section on " His Highness the Amir...His Biography & His Journey", Page 42-43; Retrieved December 17th,2014
  36. ^ [30], Honoring Kuwait 2014, Kuwait News Agency (KUNA), Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah...A Humanitarian Leader; Section on " His Highness the Amir...His Biography & His Journey", Page 42-43; Retrieved December 17th,2014
  37. ^ [31], Honoring Kuwait 2014, Kuwait News Agency (KUNA), Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah...A Humanitarian Leader; Section on " His Highness the Amir...His Biography & His Journey", Page 42-43; Retrieved December 17th,2014
  38. ^ [32], Kuwaiti Ministry of Defense,(Section Arabic Read الجيش الكويتي)
  39. ^ [33], Honoring Kuwait 2014, Kuwait News Agency (KUNA), Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah...A Humanitarian Leader; Section on " His Highness the Amir...His Biography & His Journey", Kuwait and the Syrian Crisis; Retrieved December 17th,2014
  40. ^ [34], Honoring Kuwait 2014, Kuwait News Agency (KUNA), Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah...A Humanitarian Leader; Section on " His Highness the Amir...His Biography & His Journey", Kuwait and the Syrian Crisis; Retrieved December 17th,2014
  41. ^ [35], Honoring Kuwait 2014, Kuwait News Agency (KUNA), Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah...A Humanitarian Leader; Section on " His Highness the Amir...His Biography & His Journey", Kuwait and the Syrian Crisis; Retrieved December 17th,2014
  42. ^ [36], Honoring Kuwait 2014, Kuwait News Agency (KUNA), Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah...A Humanitarian Leader; Section on " His Highness the Amir...His Biography & His Journey", Kuwait and the Syrian Crisis; Retrieved December 17th,2014
  43. ^ [37], Honoring Kuwait 2014, Kuwait News Agency (KUNA), Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah...A Humanitarian Leader; Section on " His Highness the Amir...His Biography & His Journey", Kuwait and the Syrian Crisis; Retrieved December 17th,2014
  44. ^ [38], Honoring Kuwait 2014, Kuwait News Agency (KUNA), Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah...A Humanitarian Leader; Section on " His Highness the Amir...His Biography & His Journey", Kuwait and the Syrian Crisis; Retrieved December 17th,2014
  45. ^ [39], Honoring Kuwait 2014, Kuwait News Agency (KUNA), Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah...A Humanitarian Leader; Section on " His Highness the Amir...His Biography & His Journey", Kuwait and the Syrian Crisis; Retrieved December 17th,2014
  46. ^ [40], Honoring Kuwait 2014, Kuwait News Agency (KUNA), Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah...A Humanitarian Leader; Section on " His Highness the Amir...His Biography & His Journey", Kuwait and the Syrian Crisis; Retrieved December 17th,2014
  47. ^ [41], Honoring Kuwait 2014, Kuwait News Agency (KUNA), Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah...A Humanitarian Leader; Section on " His Highness the Amir...His Biography & His Journey", Kuwait and the Syrian Crisis; Retrieved December 17th,2014
  48. ^ [42], Honoring Kuwait 2014, Kuwait News Agency (KUNA), Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah...A Humanitarian Leader; Section on " His Highness the Amir...His Biography & His Journey", Kuwait and the Syrian Crisis; Retrieved December 17th,2014
  49. ^ [43], Honoring Kuwait 2014, Kuwait News Agency (KUNA), Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah...A Humanitarian Leader; Section on " His Highness the Amir...His Biography & His Journey", Kuwait and the Syrian Crisis; Retrieved December 17th,2014
  50. ^ Jefferson Morley (3 November 2012). "Arab Press on Trial Again". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on 3 November 2012. Retrieved 3 November 2012. 
  51. ^ "Al-Sabah Dynasty". http://www.royalark.net. Archived from the original on 3 November 2012. Retrieved 3 November 2012. 
  52. ^ Royal Ark
  53. ^ "United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon's Statements". un.org. Archived from the original on 16 September 2014. Retrieved 16 September 2014. 
  54. ^ "Emiri i Kuvajtit, si po e shndërron sheshin 'Skënderbej'". 2010-03-28. Archived from the original on 2010-06-19. 
  55. ^ "ВСТРЕЧА ПРЕЗИДЕНТА АЗЕРБАЙДЖАНА ИЛЬХАМА АЛИЕВА И ЭМИРА ГОСУДАРСТВА". Газета Бакинский рабочий. 11.02.2009. Archived from the original on 2011-07-06.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  56. ^ "Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah S.A. Sceicco Sabah Decorato di Gran Cordone" (in Italian). quirinale.it. Archived from the original on 3 November 2012. Retrieved 3 November 2012. 
  57. ^ Presidenti Topi dekoron Emirin e Shtetit të Kuvajtit, Sheikun Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah me Urdhrin, President of Albania, 27 May 2012(in Albanian)[dead link]
  58. ^ Boletín Oficial del Estado
  59. ^ Royal Ark
  60. ^ Royal Ark
  61. ^ a b أمير الكويت يتحدث عن سلطنة عمان - الفريسي (in Arabic). YouTube. 17 April 2009. Archived from the original on 3 November 2012. Retrieved 3 November 2012. 

External links[edit]

Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah
Born: 16 June 1929
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Saad Al-Abdullah Al-Salim Al-Sabah
Emir of Kuwait
2006–present
Incumbent
Heir apparent:
Nawaf Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah
Political offices
Preceded by
Saad Al-Abdullah Al-Salim Al-Sabah
Prime Minister of Kuwait
2003–2006
Succeeded by
Nasser Mohammed Al-Ahmed Al-Sabah